01 March 2024

Freud's Id, Ego and Superego

Sigmund Freud: Id, Ego and Superego: Awareness, Research And Resources

Sigmund Freud: Id, Ego and Superego

It is easy to show that the ego ideal answers to everything that is expected of the higher nature of man. As a substitute for a longing for the father, it contains the germ from which all religions have evolved.” ― Sigmund Freud

“All we need to do is to make a slight modification in our description of their determinant of anxiety, in the sense that it is no longer a matter of feeling the want of, or actually losing the object itself, but of losing the object's love. [...] it appears probable that, as a determinant of anxiety, loss of love plays much the same part in hysteria as the threat of castration does in phobias and fear of the super-ego in obsessional neurosis.” ― Sigmund Freud

Freud's Id, Ego and Superego Research

Relevance of Freud in the Modern World

Sigmund Freud's Id, Ego and Superego
"Sigmund Freud, a prominent figure in psychology, proposed a structural model of the human psyche consisting of three parts: the id, the ego, and the superego. Here's a brief overview of each:

  • Id: Freud described the id as the primitive and instinctual part of the psyche that operates on the pleasure principle, seeking immediate gratification of basic needs and desires, such as hunger, thirst, and sexual impulses. It operates on unconscious drives and urges and is present from birth. The id doesn't consider the consequences of its actions and seeks to fulfill desires regardless of societal norms or morality.
  • Ego: The ego is the part of the psyche that deals with reality and mediates between the demands of the id, the constraints of the superego, and the external world. It operates on the reality principle, striving to satisfy the id's desires in a socially acceptable and realistic manner. The ego develops as a child interacts with the external world and learns to navigate its demands. It helps individuals make decisions, solve problems, and plan for the future.
  • Superego: The superego represents the internalized moral standards and values of society, as well as the individual's sense of right and wrong. It develops as a child internalizes the moral teachings and expectations of parents, caregivers, and society. The superego strives for perfection and imposes guilt and shame when the ego's actions or desires conflict with its moral standards. It serves as the conscience, guiding individuals towards socially acceptable behavior and morality.

According to Freud, the interactions and conflicts between the id, ego, and superego shape an individual's personality and behavior. Striking a balance between these three components is crucial for psychological well-being and effective functioning in society." (Source: ChatGPT 2024)

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Ego, drives, and the dynamics of internal objects NIH

Freud: Id, Ego, and Superego Explained ThoughtCo

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Freud’s Id, Ego and Superego Irfan Ajvazi  

Freud's Superego in Psychology Verywell Mind

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Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego, and Superego CommonLit

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Id, Ego, and Superego: Freud's Elements of Personality Verywell Mind

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Understanding Sigmund Freud’s Id, Ego and Superego Discover Magazine

What is Psychoanalysis? – The Ego, the Id and the Superego  Freud Museum London

What Freud Meant by the Ego, the Id and the Superego The Living Philosophy

Freud's Id, Ego and Superego Explained - Video