29 February 2024

Effects of Ritalin on the Body

 Effects of Ritalin on the Body: Awareness, Research and Resources

Effects of Ritalin on the Body

"I was not good in school. I could never read very fast or very well. I got tested for learning disabilities, for dyslexia. Then I got put on Ritalin and Dexedrine. I took those starting in the eighth grade. As soon as they pumped that drug into me, it would focus me right in." — Channing Tatum

"Although drugs are immoral and must be kept from the young, thousands of schools pressure parents to give the drug Ritalin to any lively child who may, sensibly, show signs of boredom in his classroom. Ritalin renders the child docile if not comatose. Side effects? "Stunted growth, facial tics, agitation and aggression, insomnia, appetite loss, headaches, stomach pains and seizures Marijuana would be far less harmful." — Gore Vidal

Effects of Ritalin on the Body Research

Ritalin Abuse and Addiction

Effects of Ritalin on the Body
"Ritalin is a brand name for the generic medication methylphenidate, which is commonly prescribed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. It belongs to a class of drugs known as central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. Here are the primary effects of Ritalin on the body:

1. Improved Focus and Attention: Ritalin is primarily used to help individuals with ADHD to focus better, increase attention span, and reduce impulsivity. It works by increasing the levels of certain neurotransmitters, such as dopamine and norepinephrine, in the brain.

2. Increased Alertness: Ritalin can make individuals feel more awake and alert. This is why it is sometimes used to treat narcolepsy, a sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness.

3. Enhanced Cognitive Function: Ritalin can improve cognitive functions like memory, problem-solving, and decision-making. It can help users think more clearly and be more organized.

4. Restlessness and Increased Physical Activity: Some individuals experience increased physical energy and restlessness when taking Ritalin, which is a common side effect of stimulant medications.

5. Increased Heart Rate and Blood Pressure: Ritalin is a stimulant, and it can lead to increased heart rate and elevated blood pressure in some individuals. It's important for individuals taking Ritalin to have regular check-ups to monitor these cardiovascular effects.

6. Appetite Suppression: Ritalin can reduce appetite, leading to weight loss in some users. It's important to monitor weight and nutritional intake, especially in children.

7. Insomnia: Due to its stimulant effects, Ritalin can interfere with sleep patterns and cause difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. It is often recommended that the last dose of Ritalin be taken in the late afternoon to minimize this side effect.

8. Emotional Effects: Ritalin may cause mood swings or emotional changes in some individuals, such as increased anxiety, irritability, or even euphoria. These effects can vary from person to person.

9. Potential for Dependence and Addiction: Ritalin has a potential for abuse and dependence, especially when used inappropriately or in high doses. It is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance in the United States due to its potential for abuse.

10. Withdrawal: When someone stops taking Ritalin after prolonged use, they may experience withdrawal symptoms, including fatigue, depression, and irritability.

11. Long-Term Effects: The long-term effects of Ritalin are still a subject of ongoing research. Some studies have suggested potential concerns about its impact on growth in children, but the overall safety and efficacy of long-term use are areas of continued investigation.

It's important to note that the effects of Ritalin can vary from person to person, and the medication should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional. It's crucial to follow prescribed dosages and to communicate any side effects or concerns with your healthcare provider. Misuse or abuse of Ritalin can lead to serious health problems and should be avoided." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Abusing Ritalin and its Effects on the Body Hired Power

Can Nonprescription Ritalin Alter Brain Chemistry? Delphi Behavioral Health Group

Chronic Ritalin Administration during Adulthood Increases Serotonin Pool in Rat Medial Frontal Cortex NIH

The Effects of Mixing Ritalin and Alcohol Alcohol.org

Effects of Ritalin on the Body Ritalin is a stimulant that can help to improve concentration and attention span in people with ADHD Healthline

Guide to Ritalin Addiction: Effects, Symptoms, & Treatment Renaissance Recovery

How Long Does Ritalin Stay in Your System? American Addiction Centers

Methylphenidate (Ritalin) Addiction: Side Effects, Detox, Withdrawal, and Treatment Texas Treatment Centers

Methylphenidate or Dexmethylphenidate (Concerta, Ritalin and others) NAMI

Methylphenidate (Oral Route) Side Effects Mayo Clinic

Nonprescription use of Ritalin linked to adverse side effects, UB study finds University of Buffalo

Neurological and Psychiatric Adverse Effects of Long-Term Methylphenidate Treatment in ADHD: A Map of the Current Evidence ScienceDirect

Pediatric Ritalin Use May Affect Developing Brain, New Study Suggests Weill Cornell Medicine

Ritalin Addiction: Side Effects, Signs of Withdrawal & Overdose American Addiction Centers

Ritalin Addiction, Side Effects, and Treatment Oxford Treatment

Ritalin Addiction Stories: Rediscovering Clarity in Recovery Alta Mira Recovery Programs

Ritalin and Adderall, two medications that treat ADHD, are equally effective but act differently. Adderall stays in your body longer than Ritalin, but Ritalin works more quickly to reach peak effect Drugwatch

Ritalin enhances your ability to do tasks by making you more motivated Radboud University Medical Center

Ritalin News and Research News News Medical Life Sciences

Ritalin Poses Cognitive Risks to Those Without ADHD Pharmacy Times

Ritalin Vs. Adderall: An ADHD Medication Comparison ADDitude

Signs Someone Is Addicted to Ritalin Alina

The Dangers of Ritalin Abuse Destinations For Teens Mental Health Treatment Center

The Dangers Of Snorting Ritalin (Methlyphenidate Insufflation) vertara Health

The Effects of Ritalin Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment American Addiction Centers

The Influence of ADHD Medication on Physiologic Processes and Exercise Psychopedia

The Short And Long Term Effects Of Ritalin Use RehapSpot

The Truth about Ritalin Abuse PDF Booklet Download Drug-Free World

The What, When, And How of Taking Ritalin PBS

Ritalin Withdrawal: What to Expect From Withdrawing from Ritalin The Edge Treatment Center

What’s the Difference Between Ritalin and Adderall? Healthline

What to Expect When Starting Ritalin Klarity Health

What We Know About the Long-Term Effects of ADHD Medications Child Mind Institute

With Ritalin and similar medications, the Brain focuses on Benefits instead of Costs of Work, study finds Brown University

Why You Should Never Use Ritalin For Studying: The Consequences Of Ritalin Abuse Ocean Recovery 

Harold Koplewicz: Your Brain on Ritalin - Video

πŸŽ“ Mental Health, Psychology and Relationship Resources

Anxiety Resources and Treatment

 Anxiety Symptoms, Awareness, Treatment and Support

Anxiety Resources and Treatment : Mental Health and Motivation

If you trade your authenticity for safety, you may experience the following: anxiety, depression, eating disorders, addiction, rage, blame, resentment, and inexplicable grief.” ― BrenΓ© Brown

Anxiety Attack

Anxiety Causes

Anxiety Symptoms

Anxiety and Treatment
"It's important to seek appropriate resources and treatment to manage your symptoms effectively. While I can provide some general information, please note that I'm an AI language model and not a substitute for professional help. It's always recommended to consult with a mental health professional for a personalized evaluation and guidance.

Here are some anxiety resources and treatment options you can consider:

1. Mental Health Professionals: Start by reaching out to a licensed mental health professional such as a psychologist, psychiatrist, or therapist. They can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment options based on your specific needs.

2. Medication: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage anxiety. Psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in mental health and can prescribe medication if necessary.

3. Therapy and Counseling: Several types of therapy can help treat anxiety, including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which focuses on identifying and changing unhealthy thoughts and behaviors. Other effective therapies for anxiety include exposure therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and mindfulness-based therapies.

4. Support Groups: Consider joining support groups or online communities where you can connect with others who are going through similar experiences. Sharing your thoughts and feelings with others who understand can be comforting and provide valuable insights.

5. Self-Help Strategies: Explore self-help techniques that can help you manage anxiety symptoms on your own. These may include relaxation techniques (such as deep breathing exercises and progressive muscle relaxation), practicing mindfulness and meditation, maintaining a healthy lifestyle (including regular exercise, proper nutrition, and sufficient sleep), and managing stress through activities you enjoy.

6. Online Resources: There are numerous online resources available that provide information, self-help tools, and support for anxiety. Websites like Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), and Mind.org.uk offer reliable information and resources for anxiety disorders.

7. Mobile Apps: Consider using mobile apps specifically designed to help manage anxiety, such as Headspace, Calm, and Moodpath. These apps offer a range of features including guided meditations, breathing exercises, and anxiety tracking tools.

Remember, seeking professional help is crucial for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Mental health professionals can provide personalized guidance and support based on your individual circumstances. Don't hesitate to reach out to them or ask for recommendations from your primary care physician." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Anxiety Attack: Symptoms, Causes, and Complications Medical News Today

Anxiety and Depression in Children CDC

Anxiety and Empathy Mental Health and Motivation

Anxiety and Panic Attacks Mind

Anxiety Disorders Cleveland Clinic

Anxiety Disorders and Panic Attacks Health Services University of Michigan

Anxiety Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment Mayo Clinic

Anxiety Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms WebMD

Anxious Sleeping: Your Guide To A Good Night’s Rest Purple

Beyond Worry: How Psychologists help with Anxiety Disorders
American Psychological Association

Common Physical Symptoms of Anxiety Intrepid Mental Health

Detailed Guide to Anxiety Symptoms and Their Causes Calm Clinic

Do YOU have high-functioning anxiety? Psychologist reveals 8 signs - from having difficulty saying 'no' to constantly overthinking and analysing things Daily Mail

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Mayo Clinic

How to Help Someone with Anxiety Johns Hopkins Medicine

Managing and Treating Anxiety Better Health

No, It’s Not In Your Head: Physical Symptoms of Anxiety Therapy Group of NYC

Physical Symptoms of Anxiety That Prove It’s Not All Mental Self

Recognizing and Easing the Physical Symptoms of Anxiety Harvard Health Publishing

Severe Anxiety: Symptoms, Traits, Causes, Treatment Verywell Health

Tips for Coping with an Anxiety Disorder Mayo Clinic

Treatments for Anxiety Disorders Black Dog Institute

What are the Five Major Types of Anxiety Disorders? HHS

What Is Anxiety? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention Everyday Health

What to Know about Anxiety Medical News Today

The Symptoms of General Anxiety and Panic Disorder - Video


Motivated Perception (and Addiction)

Motivated Perception: Addiction, Research and Resources

Motivated Perception (and Addiction)

All things are subject to interpretation. Whichever interpretation prevails at a given time is a function of power and not truth.” ― Friedrich Nietzsche

Motivated Perception and Addiction

Motivation Perception and Computer / Video Games

Motivation Perception and Gambling

Motivated Perception Research

Motivated Perception
Motivated perception is a psychological concept that refers to the tendency of individuals to perceive information in a way that is influenced by their motivations, goals, beliefs, and emotions. In other words, people's perception of the world is not solely based on objective sensory input but is also shaped by their internal motivations and biases.

Here are some key points about motivated perception:

Subjectivity and Bias: Motivated perception can lead individuals to interpret information in a manner that aligns with their preexisting beliefs or desires, even if the information presented is ambiguous or contradictory. This subjectivity and bias can affect how individuals perceive events, people, and situations.

Confirmation Bias: This is a common example of motivated perception. People tend to seek out and give more weight to information that confirms their existing beliefs while ignoring or downplaying contradictory evidence.

Emotional Influences: Emotions can strongly influence how we perceive and interpret information. For example, if someone is in a positive emotional state, they may perceive a situation more favorably than someone in a negative emotional state.

Goals and Motivations: Individuals' goals and motivations can shape what they pay attention to and how they interpret information. For instance, if someone is motivated to succeed in a particular task, they may perceive feedback as more positive and encouraging than someone who is not motivated to succeed.

Social Identity and Group Affiliation: People's perception can also be influenced by their social identity and group affiliations. They may perceive information in a way that supports their group's values or positions.

Defense Mechanism: In some cases, motivated perception can act as a defense mechanism to protect self-esteem. For example, if someone receives negative feedback, they may downplay it or attribute it to external factors to protect their self-image.

Cognitive Dissonance: When new information contradicts existing beliefs, it can create cognitive dissonance – an uncomfortable mental state. To reduce this discomfort, individuals may reinterpret or ignore the conflicting information.

Understanding motivated perception is crucial because it can lead to biases and distortions in decision-making, interpersonal relationships, and how individuals interact with the world. Being aware of one's own motivated perception and being open to considering different perspectives and evidence is essential for critical thinking and maintaining objectivity." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

A Comparison of Gambling Motivation Factors between Chinese and Western Casino Players University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Addiction: Motivation, Action Control, and Habits of Pleasure American Psychological Association / APA

Addiction Motivation Reformulated: An Affective Processing Model of Negative Reinforcement American Psychological Association

Analysis of Capability, Motivation and Opportunity to Prevent Substance Abuse in Sensation Seeking Students on the outskirts of a city in Eastern Iran: A Qualitative Study BMC Psychology

Effects of Motivation & Emotion on Perception, Cognition & Behavior Study

Effects Of Video Games On Executive Control, Aggression and Gaming Motivation CSH

Gamblers’ Perceptions of Responsibility for Gambling Harm: A Critical Qualitative Inquiry BMC

How to change Self-Perception in Addiction Recovery New Hope Ranch

Intrinsic Motivation and Psychological Connectedness to Drug Abuse and Rehabilitation: The Perspective of Self-Determination MDPI

Motivation and Self-Regulation in Addiction: A Call for Convergence JSTOR

Motivated Perception and Arousability OSF

Motivated Perception for Self-Regulation: How Visual Experience Serves and is Served by Goals New York University

Motivation and Self-Regulation in Addiction: A Call for Convergence NIH

Motivated Visual Perception: How We See What We Want to See.  Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy by Emily E. Balcetis PDF Download

Neurocomputational Mechanisms underlying Motivated Seeing Nature

Perceptual Motivation for Action Springer Link

Promoting positive perceptions of and motivation for research among undergraduate medical students to stimulate future research involvement: a grounded theory study BMC Medical Association

Risk perception in Gambling: A Systematic Review NIC

See What You Want to See: Motivational Influences on Visual Perception ResearchGate

The Dynamics of Motivated Perception: Effects of control and status on the perception of ambivalent stimuli Taylor & Francis Online

The Neural Basis of Addiction: A Pathology of Motivation and Choice Psychiatry Online

The Economics of Motivated Beliefs Cairn

The Role of Gambling Type on Gambling Motives, Cognitive Distortions, and Gambling Severity in Gamblers Recruited Online Plos One

Theories of Motivation and Addictive Behavior PDF Download Institute for Motivation and Change

Visual Perception affected by Motivation and Alertness controlled by a Noninvasive Brain-Computer Interface Plos One

We See What We Want to See. How our Motivations influence our Perception Medium

What Motivates Gambling Behavior? Insight into Dopamine's Role Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

Why We See What We Want to See. The Neuropsychology of Motivated Perception

How a Parallax Perspective Can Disrupt Perceptual Bias | Wayne Pernell

What is Stockholm Syndrome?

 Stockholm Syndrome Interpretation and Meaning 

What is Stockholm Syndrome?

“Addiction, at its worst, is akin to having Stockholm Syndrome. You're like a hostage who has developed an irrational affection for your captor. They can abuse you, torture you, even threaten to kill you, and you'll remain inexplicably and disturbingly loyal.” ― Anne Clendening

What is Stockholm Syndrome?
"Stockholm Syndrome is a psychological phenomenon in which hostages or victims of kidnapping develop positive feelings, empathy, or even loyalty toward their captors. This term originated from a bank robbery in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1973, where hostages held for several days began to form emotional bonds with their captors.

The syndrome is often characterized by several key features:
  • Positive feelings toward captors: Victims may develop sympathy or even affection for the individuals who have subjected them to harm or danger.
  • Defense of captors: Hostages may defend or justify their captors' actions, even when these actions are clearly harmful or criminal.
  • Reluctance to cooperate with authorities: Some victims may resist attempts by law enforcement or negotiators to secure their release or gather information about their captors.

It's important to note that Stockholm Syndrome is a complex and controversial psychological concept. It's not universally accepted by all psychologists, and some argue that the term oversimplifies the psychological responses of hostages. There are various theories about why some people may develop such emotional bonds with their captors, including survival instincts, the need to find meaning in a traumatic situation, and a form of coping mechanism.

It's also important to remember that the experience of hostages and victims of traumatic situations can vary greatly, and not everyone in such circumstances will develop Stockholm Syndrome. Mental health professionals and law enforcement personnel are trained to handle these situations with sensitivity and care." (Source: ChatGPT)

Interpretation & Stockholm Syndrome of the Super-Ego Proper Candor

Is Stockholm Syndrome even real? The bizarre story behind a problematic diagnosis Independent

Stockholm Syndrome: What Causes It and How to Treat It WebMD

Stockholm Syndrome: What It Is, Symptoms & How to Treat Cleveland Clinic

'Stockholm Syndrome': Psychiatric diagnosis or urban myth? ResearchGate

Stockholm Syndrome: The True Story of Hostages Loyal to Their Captor History

Stockholm Syndrome In Relationships: Impact On Mental Health Simply Psychology

The bizarre, six-day bank heist that spawned ‘Stockholm Syndrome’ The Washington Post

Understanding Individuals with Stockholm Syndrome Society for the Advancement of Psychotherapy

What Is Stockholm Syndrome? An Expert Guide Forbes

Where does the term ‘Stockholm syndrome’ come from? Deseret News

Why Do Some Victims Develop Stockholm Syndrome? Verywell Mind

Why Stockholm Syndrome Happens and How to Help GoodTherapy

What is Stockholm Syndrome? Psychology 101 - Video

Idealization and Devaluation Cycle

Idealization and Devaluation Awareness, Research and Resources

Idealization and Devaluation Cycle

“Psychologist Carl Rogers used the word ‘congruence’ when describing this relationship between the idealized self and the real self. Congruence is when the two selves fit harmoniously, when a person’s idealized self is congruent with their actual behavior. However, the idealized self is an often unreachable version of ourselves that we and society create while the real self is the messy, imperfect inner truth. We want to be the idealized version because we believe that society will then regard us positively, so we struggle to maintain a version that does not really fit.”― Grayson Perry

Idealization and Devaluation Behavior Research

Idealization and Devaluation Cycle
"The idealization and devaluation cycle is a psychological pattern often observed in certain relationships or personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder (BPD). It involves extreme shifts in perception and emotions towards another person, where the individual alternates between idealizing and valuing the person highly, and devaluing and criticizing them.

Here's a general outline of the idealization and devaluation cycle:

1. Idealization: Initially, the person experiencing this cycle may idealize the other person, perceiving them as perfect, flawless, and all-fulfilling. They may attribute extraordinary qualities and put the person on a pedestal, seeing them as an ideal partner, friend, or authority figure.

2. Fear of Abandonment: Underlying the idealization is often a fear of abandonment or rejection. The person may have intense anxiety about losing the relationship or being abandoned, which can fuel their idealization as a way to maintain closeness and security.

3. Trigger or Perceived Flaw: Over time, something may trigger a shift in perception. It could be a perceived flaw or mistake by the other person, a disagreement, or any situation that challenges the idealized image. This trigger may lead to feelings of disappointment, betrayal, or anger.

4. Devaluation: Once triggered, the person begins to devalue the other person. They may focus on negative aspects, real or perceived, and become highly critical. They might question the other person's motives, abilities, or character, often disregarding any positive attributes they had previously attributed to them.

5. Splitting: Splitting refers to the black-and-white thinking that often accompanies the devaluation phase. The person tends to see the other person as either all-good or all-bad, with little room for nuance or balanced perspectives. This extreme polarization can lead to intense emotional reactions and a rapid change in their feelings and behaviors towards the person.

6. Self-Identity Confusion: The idealization and devaluation cycle can also impact the individual's self-identity. They may struggle with a fragmented sense of self, feeling dependent on others for validation and struggling to maintain a stable self-image.

7. Reconciliation or Re-idealization: After the devaluation phase, the cycle may repeat as the person seeks reconciliation or re-idealization. This can involve minimizing or dismissing the negative aspects they previously focused on and returning to the idealized perception of the person. The cycle then starts anew.

It's important to note that not everyone experiences this cycle, and its intensity and frequency can vary. However, for individuals with conditions like borderline personality disorder, the idealization and devaluation cycle can significantly impact their relationships and emotional well-being. If you or someone you know is struggling with these patterns, it's essential to seek professional help from a mental health provider who can provide appropriate support and treatment." (Source: Chat GPT 2023)

A Deeper Look at Idealization and Devaluation Psychopaths and Love

A Social Inference Model of Idealization and Devaluation ResearchGate

Between Idealization and Devaluation Sage Journals

Coping With Narcissist Idealization and Devaluation Mindset Therapy

Devaluation: The Cycle of Idealization and Devaluation Medium

Devaluation in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) Charlie Health

Idealization and Contempt Psychology Today

Idealization and Devaluation: Why Narcissists Flip Fairytale Shadows

Idealize, Devalue, Discard: The Dizzying Cycle of Narcissism GoodTherapy

Idealization and Disillusionment in Intimate Relationships: A Review of Theory, Method, and Research Academia

Idealization and Devaluation: What You Need To Know Charlie Health

Idealization and Devaluation: Why Narcissists Flip Fairy Tale Shadows

Idealization, Grandiosity, Cathexis, and Narcissistic Progress HealthyPlace

Idealization in Relationships: Why Do We Wear Rose-Tinted Glasses? Pivot

Idealize, Devalue, Discard: The Dizzying Cycle of Narcissism GoodTheraphy

Idealization and Devaluation in BPD Verywell Mind

Neuroscience Behind Idealize, Devalue, and Discard Neuroinstincts

Narcissistic Abuse Cycle: Idealization, Devaluation, Rejection & How to Stop it All Ray Of Solace

Narcissistic Love Bombing Cycle: Idealize, Devalue, Discard Simply Psychology

Romantic Idealization And Devaluation In Women With Traits of BPD The Nicola Method

Relationship Cycle of Individuals with Psychopathy and Narcissistic Personality Disorder – Idealize, Devalue, Discard Neuroinstincts

Splitting - Idealization and Devaluation Out of the Fog

The Cycle of Abuse in Narcissist Victim Syndrome Banyan Therapy Group

The Idealize-Devalue-Discard-Hoovering Cycle (Full Guide) Psychopaths in Life

The Narcissistic Abuse Cycle: Idealization, Devaluation, Rejection San Francisco Therapy Michael G. Quirke

Understanding Devaluation in Borderline Personality Disorder: A Deep Dive Grouport

Understanding a Mutually Destructive Relationship Between Individuals With Borderline Personality Disorder and Their Favorite Person NIH

Why Sociopaths Idealize and Devalue People Psychopath Free

Idealize, Devalue, & Discard - Let's talk Neuroscience! - Video

How Oxytocin Influences Mental Health

  How Oxytocin Influences Mental Health: Awareness, Research and Resources

How Oxytocin Influences Mental Health

Powerful neurotransmitters in the brain can increase pleasure (dopamine), lead to feelings of happiness and positive mood (serotonin), reduce stress and alleviate pain (endorphins), and enhance a sense of trust and intimacy (oxytocin).” ― Simon Marshall

How Oxytocin Influences Mental Health Research

How Oxytocin Influences Mental Health
"Oxytocin is a hormone and neurotransmitter that plays a significant role in social bonding, emotional regulation, and various aspects of mental health. Its effects on mental health are complex and multifaceted, and researchers continue to study its role in greater detail. Here are some ways in which oxytocin influences mental health:

1. Social Bonding: Oxytocin is often referred to as the "love hormone" or "cuddle hormone" because it is released in significant quantities during activities like hugging, cuddling, or sexual intercourse. It promotes social bonding and attachment, which can have a positive impact on mental health by reducing feelings of loneliness and promoting feelings of trust and connection.

2. Stress Reduction: Oxytocin can help reduce stress and anxiety. It counteracts the effects of stress hormones like cortisol, which are associated with the body's "fight or flight" response. Oxytocin can promote a calming and soothing effect, which can be beneficial for mental health.

3. Emotional Regulation: Oxytocin appears to influence emotional regulation, which is vital for mental well-being. It can enhance empathy and improve the ability to read and respond to emotional cues in others, promoting better social interactions and conflict resolution.

4. Attachment and Parenting: Oxytocin plays a crucial role in maternal bonding and attachment between parents and their children. It contributes to nurturing behaviors and helps parents feel a strong connection with their infants. This bond can positively affect the mental health of both parents and children.

5. Trust and Social Behavior: Oxytocin is associated with increased trust and pro-social behaviors. Higher levels of oxytocin may lead to increased trust in others and a willingness to cooperate and engage in positive social interactions. This can help protect against the negative effects of social isolation and loneliness.

6. Mood Regulation: There is evidence to suggest that oxytocin may influence mood and feelings of well-being. It may play a role in reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety. Some studies have explored its potential as a treatment for mood disorders.

7. Attachment and Relationship Quality: Oxytocin can influence the quality of interpersonal relationships. Strong, secure attachment bonds that involve oxytocin release are associated with better mental health outcomes.

8. Alleviating Symptoms of PTSD: Some research has explored the potential therapeutic use of oxytocin in reducing the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It may help individuals with PTSD process and cope with traumatic memories.

It's important to note that while oxytocin has many positive effects on mental health, its influence is not uniform and can vary from person to person. Factors like genetics, early life experiences, and individual differences can impact how oxytocin affects an individual's mental well-being. Additionally, the administration of synthetic oxytocin in a therapeutic context is still an area of ongoing research, and its use is not yet standardized for mental health treatment.

Overall, oxytocin's role in mental health is an exciting and evolving field of study, with the potential to provide insights into various mental health conditions and potential treatments." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

An Allostatic Theory of Oxytocin PDF Download CellPress Reviews

A novel role of oxytocin: Oxytocin-induced well-being in humans NIH

Affectionate Touch and Diurnal Oxytocin Levels: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study eLife

Deciphering the role of the Oxytocin System in Mental Traits and Physical Health University of Oslo

Does Oxytocin Affect Your Mental Health? Verywell Mind

From Oxytocin to Compassion: The Saliency of Distress MDPI

Links Between the Neurobiology of Oxytocin and Human Musicality Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Love and the Brain Mental Health and Motivation

Oxytocin: A Therapeutic Target for Mental Disorders BMC

Oxytocin: Narrative Expert Review of Current Perspectives on the Relationship with Other Neurotransmitters and the Impact on the Main Psychiatric Disorders MDPI

Oxytocin-Pathway Polygenic Scores for Severe Mental Disorders and Metabolic Phenotypes in the UK Biobank Nature / Translational Psychiatry

Oxytocin and Attachment Development PDF Download Sage DeLaMareBrigham Young University  

Oxytocin, Cortisol, and Cognitive Control during Acute and Naturalistic Stress Taylor and Francis

Oxytocin and Stress-related Disorders: Neurobiological Mechanisms and Treatment Opportunities Sage Journals

Oxytocin as Treatment for Social Cognition, Not There Yet Frontiers in Psychiatry

Oxytocin in the socioemotional brain: Implications for Psychiatric Disorders ResearchGate

Roles of Oxytocin in Stress Responses, Allostasis and Resilience MDPI

Tell Me All I Need to Know About Oxytocin Psycom

The Differential Effect of Oxytocin on Mindfulness in People with Different Resilience Level Springer Link

The Role of Oxytocin in Social Bonding, Stress Regulation and Mental Health: An update on the moderating effects of context and interindividual differences ScienceDirect

What to Know About Oxytocin Hormone WebMD

Why Is Oxytocin Known as the ‘Love Hormone’? And 11 Other FAQs Healthline

2-Minute Neuroscience: Oxytocin - Video

Compassion, Empathy and Love Resources

Compassion Empathy Love : Managing Respectful Relationships

Awareness and Research 

Compassion, Empathy and Love Resources

Drop the people who do not value you, respect you. Life has infinite horizons. Accept yourself, love yourself, and move forward.”– Amit Ray

Whenever you are about to find fault with someone, ask yourself the following question: What fault of mine most nearly resembles the one I am about to criticize?” ― Marcus Aurelius

Compassion, Empathy and Love : Understanding and Managing Respectful Relationships

Compassion, Empathy and Love
Compassion, empathy, and love are three interconnected and deeply human emotions and qualities that play important roles in our relationships, personal growth, and overall well-being. While they are distinct concepts, they often overlap and reinforce each other. Let's explore each of these concepts individually:

1. Compassion: Compassion is the ability to recognize and understand the suffering or distress of others and to respond with kindness, empathy, and a desire to alleviate that suffering. It involves not only feeling empathy but also taking action to help others in need. Compassion often arises from a deep sense of connection and shared humanity with others, recognizing that we all experience pain, struggle, and vulnerability. It involves being non-judgmental and having a genuine concern for the well-being of others.

2. Empathy: Empathy is the ability to understand and share the emotions, thoughts, and experiences of another person. It involves putting yourself in someone else's shoes, trying to see the world from their perspective, and feeling what they feel. Empathy allows us to connect with others on a deeper level, fostering understanding, support, and meaningful relationships. It helps break down barriers and promotes a sense of unity and belonging.

3. Love: Love is a complex and multifaceted emotion that encompasses a range of experiences, from deep affection and care for others to romantic love and unconditional love. Love involves a deep emotional bond and attachment to someone or something, characterized by feelings of warmth, fondness, and a sense of connection. Love can be expressed through acts of kindness, understanding, and support, and it often involves selflessness, sacrifice, and a desire for the well-being and happiness of the loved one.

Compassion, empathy, and love are all important for creating and nurturing healthy relationships, fostering a sense of community, and promoting personal growth and happiness. When we cultivate these qualities within ourselves, we not only benefit others but also experience a greater sense of fulfillment and meaning in our own lives. They are essential in building a more compassionate and empathetic society, where individuals support and uplift one another. (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

A Phenomenological Study of Falling Out of Romantic Love ResearchGate

All About Love : Make A Success Of Your Relationship Mary Jacks

Characteristics Of People Who Lack Empathy, And How To Protect Yourself Article

Compassion vs. Empathy: Understanding the Difference Article

Empathy in Commitment Article

Empathetic Listening and Active Listening Article

Falling in Love : Why We Choose The Lovers We Choose
Ayala Malach Pines 

Half Girlfriend
Chetan Bhagat
How Long Does It Really Take To Fall In Love? Experts Explain The Timeline Of Love Article

How to Be More Empathetic Article

How to Help Your Child Develop Empathy Article
I Feel You : The Surprising Power of Supreme Empathy
Chris Beam

Insecure in Love: How Anxious Attachment Can Make You Feel Jealous, Needy, and Worried and What You Can Do About It Leslie Becker-Phelps, PH.D.

Intuitive Empaths: Signs, Types, Downsides, and Self-Care Article

Life is What You Make it: A Story of Love, Hope and How Determination Can Overcome Even Destiny Preeti Shenoy

Love Sense: The Revolutionary New Science of Romantic Relationships
Sue Johnson

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Mindful Compassion: How the Science of Compassion Can Help You Understand Your Emotions, Live Paul Gilbert PH.D
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Social Empathy: The Art of Understanding Others
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The Art of Empathy: A Complete Guide to Life's Most Essential Skill
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The Highly Sensitive Person in Love : Understanding and Managing Relationships when the
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Nutrition for Mental Health and Diet Planning

Healthy Eating / Diet Planning for Improving Mental Health

Nutrition for Mental Health and Diet Planning : Mental Health and Motivation
Diet Planning for Improved Mental Health

Let food be thy medicine, thy medicine shall be thy food.” – Hippocrates

Mental Health and Nutrition

Mental Health, Nutrition and Diet

Nutrition and Diet Planning

Nutrition for Mental Health
"Nutrition plays a crucial role in maintaining good mental health and well-being. The food we consume provides the nutrients needed for optimal brain function and the production of neurotransmitters, which are chemical messengers that influence mood, cognition, and behavior. Here are some key aspects of nutrition for mental health:

1. Balanced Diet: Consuming a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrient-dense foods is essential for overall mental well-being. This includes eating adequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. These foods provide essential vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber that support brain health and reduce the risk of mental health disorders.

2. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fatty acids, particularly EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), are essential for brain health. They play a role in reducing inflammation and supporting the structure and function of brain cells. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids include fatty fish (such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines), walnuts, flaxseeds, and chia seeds.

3. B Vitamins: B vitamins, including folate, B6, and B12, are important for mental health. They are involved in the production of neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, which regulate mood and emotions. Good food sources of B vitamins include leafy greens, legumes, whole grains, lean meats, fish, eggs, and dairy products.

4. Antioxidant-Rich Foods: Antioxidants help protect the brain from oxidative stress and inflammation, which can contribute to mental health issues. Foods rich in antioxidants include colorful fruits and vegetables (such as berries, spinach, kale, and sweet potatoes), nuts, seeds, and green tea.

5. Gut-Brain Connection: Emerging research highlights the importance of the gut-brain connection. The gut microbiota, the community of microorganisms residing in the digestive system, has a bidirectional relationship with the brain and can influence mental health. Consuming a diet rich in fiber, prebiotics (found in foods like onions, garlic, bananas, and oats), and probiotics (found in fermented foods like yogurt, sauerkraut, and kimchi) can support a healthy gut microbiome and potentially benefit mental health.

6. Limit Sugar and Processed Foods: Excessive consumption of sugar and processed foods has been associated with an increased risk of mental health disorders. These foods can lead to inflammation, spikes in blood sugar levels, and imbalances in neurotransmitters, potentially affecting mood and cognition. Opting for whole, unprocessed foods and reducing intake of sugary snacks, sugary drinks, and processed foods is recommended.

7. Hydration: Proper hydration is important for optimal brain function. Even mild dehydration can affect mood, cognitive performance, and energy levels. Aim to drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day.

It's important to note that nutrition should not replace professional mental health treatment. However, adopting a healthy diet that supports brain function can be a valuable complement to overall mental health and well-being. If you have specific dietary concerns or questions, it's best to consult with a registered dietitian or a healthcare professional for personalized advice." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

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πŸŽ“ Mental Health, Psychology and Relationship Resources

A Love Palm called Gratitude

Love at First Sight - A Corner Filled with Gratitude

Vernon Chalmers Love Palm Gratitude
Palm Image Updated: February 2024

“The only way that we can live, is if we grow. The only way that we can grow is if we change. The only way that we can change is if we learn. The only way we can learn is if we are exposed. And the only way that we can become exposed is if we throw ourselves out into the open. Do it. Throw yourself.” ― C. JoyBell C.

“You learn something valuable from all of the significant events and people, but you never touch your true potential until you challenge yourself to go beyond imposed limitations.” ― Roy T. Bennett

After leaving an abusive relationship two years ago I came home to witness that my once healthy love palm, in a corner of my lounge, was more than looking somewhat dejected. It was on it's last few leaves and close to the end of plant life. What a (preventable) shame... 

With a somber sense of sadness I gazed out the window over Table Bay towards a leafy Cape Town suburb where I was living without any real reciprocal feeling and / or gratitude for about 3 to 4 months during the Covid lockdown. The majestic picture-perfect presence of Table Mountain against a dreamy turquoise morning ocean made no ripple of difference to my overwhelmingly personal disappointment.  

The state of the once lushious plant represented the desolation and grief I felt after emerging from the emotional, verbal and physical clutches from sustained narcissistic abuse. I felt more than guilty for neglecting my palm for such an extensive period.

In the absence of (human) gratitude

Over the next few weeks while I was coming to terms with my failed relationship I tried everything to revive my once flourishing palm. I went to the nursery for advice and was recommended a few growth remedies. Unfortunately the palm did not survive any recovery interventions and its removal (after more than 10 years) from the clay pot was done with a heavy heart.

Early one morning I went back to the nursery and purchased the smallest available love palm as a replacement for re-potting a tiny palm into the big empty pot. I was advised against this tactic. It was recommended to keep it in its small plastic pot and do a gradual replant over a longer period. The assistant told me that 'my small palm, big pot' idea may perhaps be just too overwhelming for the young plant to handle its vulnerable growth phase. He said 'it could end-up like a heart transplant going wrong - the shock to the change may be too big to handle for the small palm'.

I believed him, just the sheer difference in pot and plant size was enough evidence to be patient with my re-potting scheme, but I was adamant to make this project work as soon as possible. Probably just as much as I wanted my relationship to work - which of course under any circumstances would not be possible. With potential failure in the back of my mind I went back home and immediately repotted the small palm in its new big home.

After the re-potting I looked at the tiny love palm in the big pot and aptly named the plant, Gratitude. For the gratitude I never received and all the relationship lessons I was busy learning. I vowed to look after this love palm and challenged myself to see who will grow the fasted. Over the next few weeks I worked out a light and watering strategy and watch very carefully how the love palm was settling into its new environment.

A Love Palm called Gratitude's Leaf
Water drops on A Love Palm called Gratitude's Leaf After Two Years 

Together we started our recovery and growth journeys. Over the next few months I started coming to terms with my post-relationship recovery and I watched the love palm slowly emerging from 'intensive care' mode into a luscious growing plant. Within a few months I realised my 'plant transplant' was going to be successful with the love palm being slightly ahead in the 'recovery race'.

Now, after two years, I am overjoyed with Gratitude's resilience - matching my own outdrawn recovery and acceptance journey. I'm still learning daily and keeping a keen eye on Gratitude's transformation into a full-grown potted love palm.

At the bottom of this post is a recent image comparison between Gratitude and the scale size it was at two years ago. The small love palm positioned Infront of the clay pot is a gift intended for my sister. She love plants and know just so much more about potting house plants than me. My dream with this gift of love is to see it grow to the size of Gratitude over time. I have no doubt that it will happen. At least she will be more cautious of an immediate 'heart transplant'.

Benefits of Nature on Mental Health

First Publication Date for "A Love Palm called Gratitude" - September 2023

Water Drop on Palm Leaf : Love Palm called Gratitude
Water Drop on Palm Leaf : Love Palm called Gratitude

© Vernon Chalmers: Mental Health and Motivation

Love Palm Care Instructions

"Taking care of a love palm (Chamaedorea seifrizii), also known as a bamboo palm or reed palm, involves providing the right environment, watering, fertilizing, and general maintenance. Here are care instructions for a love palm:

Light: Love palms thrive in bright, indirect light. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can scorch the leaves. If you don't have access to bright indirect light, they can tolerate lower light conditions, but their growth may slow down.

Temperature: Keep your love palm in a warm environment. They prefer temperatures between 65°F to 80°F (18°C to 27°C) during the day and not below 50°F (10°C) at night. Avoid sudden temperature drops.

Humidity: Love palms appreciate high humidity levels. You can increase humidity by misting the plant regularly or placing a tray of water near it. Using a humidifier can also be beneficial, especially during dry indoor seasons.

Watering: Water your love palm when the top inch (2.5 cm) of soil feels dry to the touch. Ensure that the pot has good drainage to prevent overwatering, which can lead to root rot. During the growing season (spring and summer), water more frequently, and reduce the frequency in the winter months.

Soil: Plant your love palm in a well-draining potting mix. A mixture of peat moss, perlite, and a small amount of sand works well. Repot the plant every 2-3 years to refresh the soil and provide more space for growth.

Fertilizing: Feed your love palm with a balanced liquid fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer). Reduce or eliminate fertilization during the dormant winter months.

Pruning: Remove any yellow or brown fronds as they appear. This helps maintain the plant's appearance and encourages healthy new growth. Be careful not to remove too many fronds at once, as this can stress the plant.

Pests and Diseases: Love palms are relatively resistant to pests and diseases, but they can occasionally be affected by spider mites, scale, or mealybugs. Inspect your plant regularly for any signs of infestation, and treat with insecticidal soap or neem oil if needed.

Support: Love palms may become top-heavy as they grow taller. Use stakes or bamboo poles to provide support and prevent the plant from toppling over.

Propagation: Love palms can be propagated through division. When repotting, you can carefully separate the plant into smaller sections, making sure each section has roots attached.

Remember that patience is key when caring for love palms, as they are slow growers. With proper care, your love palm can thrive and add a touch of greenery and beauty to your indoor space." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Love Palm Comparison
Love Palm Comparison (September 2023)

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