20 December 2023

Methamphetamine Abuse and Recovery

Methamphetamine / Crystal Meth: Awareness, Research and Resources

Methamphetamine Abuse and Recovery

"Methamphetamine is a hideous drug. Meth makes a person become paranoid, violent, and aggressive - making them a serious threat to society and law enforcement. And maybe more importantly, meth users are a threat to their own children and families." - Dirk Kempthorne

Methamphetamine Abuse and Recovery Research

What is Methamphetamine / Crystal Meth?

Methamphetamine Abuse and Recovery
Methamphetamine is a powerful and highly addictive central nervous system stimulant. Abuse of methamphetamine can lead to severe physical and mental health issues. Recovery from methamphetamine abuse is a challenging process that often requires a comprehensive and multifaceted approach.

Here are some key aspects of methamphetamine abuse and recovery:

Methamphetamine Abuse
  • Effects on the Body:Methamphetamine increases the release of dopamine in the brain, leading to intense feelings of pleasure and euphoria.
  • Short-term effects include increased energy, alertness, and a decreased appetite.
  • Long-term use can result in serious health issues, such as cardiovascular problems, dental issues ("meth mouth"), skin sores, and weight loss.

Addiction and Dependence
  • Methamphetamine is highly addictive, and regular use can lead to the development of tolerance and dependence.
  • Individuals may find it difficult to control their use despite negative consequences.

Mental Health Impacts
  • Chronic use can lead to anxiety, paranoia, aggression, hallucinations, and other mental health issues.
  • Long-term abuse is associated with cognitive deficits and changes in brain structure.

Methamphetamine Recovery

  • The first step in recovery is often detoxification, during which the body eliminates the drug.
  • Medical supervision may be necessary to manage withdrawal symptoms, which can include fatigue, increased appetite, and depression.

Treatment Programs
  • Inpatient or outpatient treatment programs may include behavioral therapies, counseling, and support groups.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is commonly used to help individuals identify and change patterns of thinking and behavior associated with drug use.

Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT)
  • There is no FDA-approved medication specifically for methamphetamine addiction, but some medications may help manage withdrawal symptoms and cravings.
  • Research is ongoing to develop effective medications for methamphetamine use disorder.

Support Groups
  • Participation in support groups, such as Narcotics Anonymous (NA) or SMART Recovery, can provide a sense of community and understanding.

Counseling and Therapy
  • Individual and group therapy can help individuals address underlying issues contributing to their substance abuse and develop coping mechanisms.

Lifestyle Changes
  • Adopting a healthy lifestyle that includes regular exercise, proper nutrition, and stress management can support the recovery process.

Relapse Prevention
  • Learning and implementing strategies to prevent relapse is a crucial aspect of long-term recovery.
  • Ongoing support and aftercare services are important in maintaining sobriety.

Family Involvement
  • Involving family members in the recovery process can improve outcomes and provide a strong support system.

It's important for individuals struggling with methamphetamine abuse to seek professional help. Recovery is a gradual process, and ongoing support is essential for sustained success. If you or someone you know is dealing with methamphetamine addiction, reaching out to healthcare professionals or addiction specialists is a crucial first step." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Methamphetamine is also Referred To As: Crank, Crystal Meth, Glass, Ice, Meth, Tina And Christine,  Yaba

A Qualitative Study of Methamphetamine Initiation in Cape Town, South Africa NIH

A Potential Breakthrough in Meth Treatment Treatment Magazine

Addicted to the ‘life of methamphetamine’: Perceived barriers to sustained Methamphetamine Recovery Taylor and Francis Online

Can Brains Bounce Back? Recovering Addicts turn to science to map the effects of Meth The Guardian

Cessation strategies used successfully by individuals in recovery from methamphetamine addiction PDF Download PDF Download Yvonne Gordon and Christine Stephens, School of Psychology, Massey University, New Zealand

Combination of two drugs can help treat methamphetamine addiction for some, new clinical trial data shows STAT News

Crystal Methamphetamine use in British Columbia, Canada: A Cross-Sectional Study of people who access Harm Reduction Services Plos One

Crystal Meth: What You Should Know WebMD

Everything you need to know about Crystal Meth Medical News Today

Exploring treatment barriers on the use of Crystal Methamphetamine among young people in Harare, Zimbabwe Taylor and Francis Online

Finally, an Effective Treatment for Methamphetamine Addiction California Health Care Foundation

How does Crystal Methamphetamine work? Cracks In The Ice

How Many Meth Addicts Recover? Defining Wellness Centers

Psychological treatment for Methamphetamine use and Associated Psychiatric Symptom Outcomes: A Systematic Review ScienceDirect

Methamphetamine Awareness Information about methamphetamine for Consumers and Carers PDF Download Queensland Government, Australia

Meth Addiction: Facts, Statistics & How Meth Changes You American Addiction Centers

Meth Addiction Treatment & Rehab Programs Near Me American Addiction Centers

Meth Withdrawal & Addiction Recovery Sierra by the Sea

Meth Withdrawal Symptoms And Detox Addiction Center

Meth Withdrawal Symptoms and Detox Timeline The Recovery Village

More Human: An Ethnographic Study of Methamphetamine Recovery - Samuel James Brookfield PDF Download: A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at The University of Queensland

Understanding the laps and relapse process: In-Depth Interviews with Individual who use Methamphetamine BMC

Stigma, Discrimination and Crystal Methamphetamine (‘Ice’): Current Attitudes in Australia ScienceDirect

Sustained Recovery from Crystal Meth use: A Consensual Qualitative Research Study American Psychological Association

The experience of Methamphetamine Use Disorder and the Negative Consequences of Relapse – A Qualitative Study Taylor and Francis Online

Understanding Illegal Methamphetamine Manufacture in Afghanistan PDF Download UNODC

Use of Crystal Methamphetamine among male adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa: Caregivers' Experiences BMC

What are the long-term effects of Methamphetamine Misuse? NIH

What is Crystal Meth and Why is it so Dangerous? Free by the Sea

What Is Crystal Meth Made From? Ingredients & Meth Cutting Agents Desert Hope Treatment Center

What is Methamphetamine? NIH

What Is Methamphetamine (Meth)? KidsHealth

Meth Inside Out: Brain & Behavior - The Recovery Process

🎓 Mental Health, Psychology and Relationship Resources

Suicide Prevention Resources

Mental Health and Suicide Awareness, Prevention and Research

Suicide Prevention Resources

“The key to getting beyond your struggles is making choices that invite new possibilities—new ways of thinking, feeling, behaving, and living your life for the better.” — Michael Nulty

Suicide and Suicide Prevention Resources

Suicide Information and Reports

Suicide Prevention Resource Guide

Suicide Prevention
"Suicide is a serious public health problem that can have lasting harmful effects on individuals, families, and communities. The goal of suicide prevention is to reduce factors that increase risk and increase factors that promote resilience. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides a comprehensive guide on suicide prevention, which includes information on risk and protective factors, prevention strategies, and resources.

If you or someone you know is experiencing mental health-related distress or is worried about a loved one who may need crisis support, you can contact the 988 Suicide and Crisis Lifeline. It is a confidential, free, and available 24/7/365. You can call or text 988, chat at 988lifeline.org, or visit the 988 Suicide and Crisis Lifeline for more information.

Remember, suicide prevention is everyone’s business. You can #BeThere and #BeThe1To help a friend, loved one, or coworker. Everyone can learn the warning signs and how to get help.

If you are feeling overwhelmed or need someone to talk to, please reach out to a mental health professional or a trusted friend or family member. You are not alone 1." (Source Microsoft Bing 2023)

Suicide Prevention Resources

A Positive Psychological Approach to Suicide: Theory, Research, and Prevention (book)
J. K. Hirsch & E. C. Chang & J. K. Rabon

A Suicide Awareness and Prevention Guide for Schools Edutopia

Center for Suicide Prevention and Research Nationwide Children's Hospital (USA)

Cracked, Not Broken: Surviving and Thriving After a Suicide Attempt (book)
 Kevin Hines / Dr. Daniel J. Reidenberg

Facts About Suicide CDC

Health Needs for Suicide Prevention and Acceptance of e-Mental Health Interventions in Adolescents and Young Adults: Qualitative Study NIH

Impact of Mood Disorders and Personality Disorders on Suicide intent among Self-Harm Patients NIH

Is Suicide a Mental Health, Public Health or Societal Problem? Current Opinion in Psychiatry

It’s OK to Say Suicide The Jed Foundation

Learn More About Suicide Prevention Everymind

Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Research and Education University of South Australia

Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention in a Changing World Frontiers in Psychiatry

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Lifeline

New Research in Suicide Prevention American Psychological Association

Phenomenology of Suicide: Unlocking the Suicidal Mind (book)
Maurizio Pompili

Public Education and Awareness Campaigns for Suicide Prevention RHIhub

Resources For Suicide Prevention SAMHSA

Research on Suicide- and Mental Health-Related Media Campaigns Action Alliance
    Sacred Suicide (book)
    J. R. Lewis / C. M. Cusack

    Social Media Addiction And Suicide – Guide 2023 Drug Rehab USA

    Suicide: A Study in Sociology 
    Emile Durkheim

    Suicide Awareness and Prevention UPMC Health Beat

    Suicide Awareness, Prevention, & Postvention Alaska Department of Education & Early Development 

    Suicide Notes (book)
    Ford Michael Thomas

    Suicide Prevention youth.gov

    Suicide Prevention: A Holistic Approach (book)
    R. F. W. Diekstra / International Association for Suicide Prevention

    Suicide Prevention: A Multisectorial Public Health Concern NIH

    Suicide Prevention: An Emerging Priority For Health Care Health Affairs

    Suicide Prevention: Information / Reports World Health Organization

    Suicide Prevention: Research & Resources PTTC

    Suicide Prevention: Things to Know Columbia University

    Suicide Prevention Resources Google Education Support

    Suicide Prevention Resource Guide Healthline

    Suicidal: Why We Kill Ourselves (book)
    Jesse Bering

    Surviving Suicidal Ideation And Finding Recovery NAMI

    Understanding Mental Health, Mental Ill-Health & Suicide Everymind

    What Is Suicidal Ideation? Verywell Mind

    What You Should Know About Suicide Healthline

    Why People Die by Suicide (book)
    Thomas Joiner

    What Leads To Suicide - Video

    Understanding Road Rage

    How To Manage Your Own Emotions on the Road and Deal With Others

    Understanding Road Rage

    Road rage affects all drivers across the United States. Unfortunately, it can result in severe - even deadly - accidents and incidents. This comprehensive guide explores road rage, its causes, and its effects on mental health. We provide practical resources and tips to prevent and manage this aggressive driving behavior. (Source: Sieben Polk)

    Explore the complexities of road rage and what triggers it and provide practical strategies for handling it:
    • What Is Road Rage?
    • How Does Road Rage Affect Driving and Judgment?
    • Dangers of Road Rage
    • How Does Road Rage Differ From Reckless Driving?
    • Understanding Road Rage, Stress, and Mental Health: Is There a Connection?
    • Common Causes of Road Rage
    • Road Rage's Effects on Your Mental Health and Overall Well-Being
    • Recognizing Road Rage in Yourself
    • Mindfulness Techniques To Alleviate Road Rage
    • Resources and Tips for Preventing Road Rage
    • Additional Resources

    Learn more about Road Rage From Sieben Polk >>

    Source / Reference: Sieben Polk P. A.

    Published with permission from Sieben Polk Law Firm

    10 December 2023

    Emotional Self-Healing Progress: Question and Answer

    Perspective and Reflection on Emotional Self-Healing Progress

    Emotional Healing Progress Question and Answer

    How does a person know when he / she has made sufficient progress from a prolonged period of emotional and / or traumatic 'darkness' in their lives? 

    Referring to this poignant question many may ask when they believe they are entering (or about to enter) the final stage of healing and / or rehabilitation in terms of addiction, abuse, trauma, loss, grief etc.

    I have rationalised above question through various mediums, qualitative research findings and also directly asking accredited mental health professionals (from a point of reference from personal friends and close contacts in mental health care / emotional wellness professions).

    There were many different answers; the metacognitive self-awareness of the healing journey, acknowledgement of behaviour change(s), personal growth and acceptance were most often cited as some of the most common denominators in someone's own healing progress identification and tracking, but there is only one person that will be able to answer this question (from above context) and that is the person who asked the question - to be able to assess the self in relation to progress and healing by means of having the courage towards facing self-reflection and subjective perception and objective reasoning.

    Some may never (want to) know, others are determined that within the desire to achieve certain behaviour changes that their healing journeys will add more awareness, acceptance and subsequently, self-enrichment - all of which will be processed differently through different individuals (with / or without the professional intervention of a mental health care practitioner).

    I evaluated my own abusive trauma and unfortunate loss of more than one person over a two year grief / healing period and concluded that in terms of my own cognitive understanding of asking and answering this emotional question I tried to answer it invariably from two personal perspectives:

    • Time and statistical (qualitative) recognition / tracking
    • Cognitive and emotional understanding of healing / acceptance

    I realised now that I have almost oblivious to self divided my journey into four quartiles across a loss / trauma healing spectrum and that the most challenging period was up to the end of the third quartile of 75% - based on my own personal criteria. Now, being well into the 4th quartile the cognitive awareness of learning and understanding enabled me to place thousands of my own journaling words and objective research analysis / articles into a final personal quote of healing and acceptance (of change).

    I would not have been in a position to prepare this quote a year ago, not six months ago or perhaps not even a month ago, but due to the desire to accept and move on I am in a fortunate position to close the searching (of a renewed sense of self and acceptance narrative) with the following: (which encapsulates two years of analysis and introspection, but took two minutes to write).

    "The 'Mental Health and Motivation’ self-development and research journey manifested a renewed awareness of patience, presence and purpose - not just in learning more about the (humanistic) existential self, but also gaining a metacognitive understanding of our neuropsychological functioning that inevitably shapes behaviour choices - in any given moment or situation (in relation to self and others) - and that any of these choices can be changed if desired". — Vernon Chalmers

    Metacognition Resources >> 

    Disclaimer: For the purpose of this post the healing question and answer exclude any reference, claim or qualitative / quantitative speculation in relation to the formal rehabilitation, therapy or treatment stage(s) of any behavioural, emotional, mental or personality disorder as formally assessed and diagnosed by a psychiatric or psychology health care professional (by means of the DSM-5-TR and / or any other professional international diagnostic criteria).

    Emotional Self-Healing Progress - According to ChatGPT
    "Emotional self-healing is a personal journey that varies from individual to individual. It's important to note that as an AI, I don't have access to specific personal details about your experiences or progress. However, I can provide you with some general guidance on emotional self-healing and steps you can take to make progress.
    1. Self-awareness: The first step in emotional self-healing is developing self-awareness. Take time to reflect on your emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. Understand the patterns and triggers that contribute to your emotional struggles.

    2. Acceptance: Embrace your emotions without judgment. Allow yourself to feel and experience them fully, even the uncomfortable ones. Acceptance is crucial for healing and moving forward.

    3. Self-care: Prioritize self-care activities that nurture your emotional well-being. This can include engaging in hobbies you enjoy, practicing mindfulness or meditation, getting regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, and getting enough sleep.

    4. Seek support: Consider reaching out to a trusted friend, family member, or therapist who can provide a listening ear and guidance. Sometimes, talking through your emotions with someone can offer valuable insights and support.

    5. Practice emotional regulation techniques: Explore techniques that help you regulate your emotions, such as deep breathing exercises, journaling, practicing gratitude, or engaging in creative outlets like art or music.

    6. Let go of past hurts: Holding onto past hurts and grudges can hinder your healing process. Practice forgiveness, both towards others and yourself. It doesn't mean condoning harmful actions, but rather releasing the emotional burden they place on you.

    7. Set healthy boundaries: Establishing and maintaining healthy boundaries is crucial for your emotional well-being. Learn to say no when necessary and communicate your needs effectively.

    8. Embrace self-compassion: Treat yourself with kindness, understanding, and compassion. Remind yourself that it's okay to make mistakes and that healing is a gradual process.

    9. Engage in positive relationships: Surround yourself with supportive and positive people who uplift and encourage you. Cultivate relationships that contribute to your emotional growth and well-being.

    10. Keep learning and growing: Emotional self-healing is an ongoing process. Stay open to learning new techniques, exploring different approaches, and continuing your personal growth journey.
    Remember, progress in emotional self-healing is unique to each person. Be patient with yourself and celebrate even the smallest steps forward. If you find yourself struggling significantly or if your emotions are impacting your daily life in a negative way, consider seeking professional help from a licensed therapist or counselor. They can provide tailored guidance based on your specific needs." (Source: ChatGPT)

    © Vernon Chalmers : Mental Health and Motivation (Emotional Self-Healing Q&A)

    Emotional Self-Healing Progress

    Why we heal: The evolution of psychological healing and implications for global mental health

    What is Narcissistic Grandiosity?

     Narcissistic Grandiosity: Awareness, Research and Resources

    Narcissistic Grandiosity

    Generally certain symptoms appear, among them a peculiar use of language: one wants to speak forcefully in order to impress one's opponent, so one employs a special, "bombastic" style full of neologisms which might be described as "power-words." This symptom is observable not only in the psychiatric clinic but also among certain modern philosophers, and, above all, whenever anything unworthy of belief has to be insisted on in the teeth of inner resistance: the language swells up, overreaches itself, sprouts grotesque words distinguished only by their needless complexity. The word is charged with the task of achieving what cannot be done by honest means.” ― C.G. Jung

     Narcissistic Grandiosity Research

     Narcissistic Grandiosity
    Narcissistic grandiosity is a psychological concept often associated with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) and is characterized by an exaggerated sense of self-importance, a need for excessive admiration and validation from others, and a lack of empathy for the feelings and needs of others. It involves an inflated view of one's abilities, achievements, and overall self-worth.

    Here are some key features and behaviors associated with narcissistic grandiosity:

    Exaggerated Self-Importance: Individuals with narcissistic grandiosity tend to see themselves as unique, special, and superior to others. They believe they deserve special treatment and recognition.

    Constant Need for Admiration: They require excessive praise, attention, and validation from others to maintain their self-esteem. They often seek out situations where they can be the center of attention.

    Fantasies of Success, Power, or Beauty: Narcissistically grandiose individuals frequently engage in daydreams or fantasies about their unlimited success, attractiveness, or power. They may believe they are destined for greatness.

    Sense of Entitlement: They have a strong sense of entitlement and believe that they are entitled to special privileges, even if they haven't earned them. This can lead to demanding treatment that others may consider unreasonable.

    Exploitative Behavior: They may exploit others for their own gain, as they often view others as tools to achieve their goals rather than as individuals with their own needs and feelings.

    Lack of Empathy: Narcissistic individuals with grandiosity typically lack empathy for others' feelings and experiences. They have difficulty understanding or caring about the emotions and needs of others.

    Fragile Self-Esteem: Paradoxically, their grandiose facade often hides a fragile self-esteem. Criticism or even perceived slights can lead to intense anger or feelings of humiliation.

    Manipulative and Controlling: They may use manipulative tactics to maintain control over others or to get what they want. This can include emotional manipulation, gaslighting, or other forms of psychological manipulation.

    It's important to note that while narcissistic grandiosity is a characteristic of narcissistic personality disorder, not everyone who displays narcissistic traits or behaviors has NPD. Personality disorders are diagnosed by mental health professionals based on specific criteria and a comprehensive assessment of an individual's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.

    Narcissistic individuals with grandiosity can have a significant impact on their relationships, both personally and professionally, due to their difficulty in forming genuine, empathetic connections with others. Therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), is often recommended for individuals with narcissistic traits or NPD to help them develop healthier ways of relating to others and managing their emotions.

    Behind the Veil of Narcissus: The Grandiose and Vulnerable Aspects of Narcissism Palo Alto University

    Deciphering Covert and Grandiose Narcissists Photography Today

    Grandiose Narcissism: Definition, Signs, & How to Deal with These Narcissists Happier Human

    Grandiose Narcissism: How To Spot And Handle It? The Happiness Blog

    Grandiose Narcissism: What It Is, Signs, & How to Deal With It Choosing Therapy

    Grandiose Narcissism Predicts Willingness to Behave Badly, Without Proportional Tolerance for Others’ Bad Behavior PDF Download CORE

    Grandiose narcissists and Decision Making: Impulsive, overconfident, and skeptical of experts–but seldom in doubt PubMed Central

    Grandiose Narcissism And Social Media Usage: An Exploratory Study Using The Narcissist Personality Inventory Journal of Positive School Psychology

    Grandiose Narcissism and performance in organizations: mediating role of subjective wellbeing Springer Link

    Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism, identity integration and self-control related to criminal behavior BMC Psychology

    Idealization, Grandiosity, Cathexis, and Narcissistic Progress Healthy Place

    Omnipotence, Grandiosity and Narcissism Cope Centre

    Self-regulatory and Narcissistic Grandiosity and Vulnerability: Common and Discriminant Relations ScienceDirect

    Signs Of Grandiose Narcissistic Personality Disorder Marriage

    The Association Between Vulnerable / Grandiose Narcissism and Emotion Regulation Frontiers in Psychology

    The Narcissistic Grandiosity Scale: A Measure to Distinguish Narcissistic Grandiosity From High Self-Esteem Sage Journals

    The Nonlinear Association between Grandiose and Vulnerable Narcissism: An Individual Data Meta-Analysis Wiley Online Library

    The Signs of Grandiose Narcissism and How to Deal With It Verywell Mind

    Understanding the Narcissistic Perfectionists among us: Grandiosity, vulnerability, and the quest for the Perfect Self ResearchGate

    Vulnerable and Grandiose Narcissism Are Differentially Associated With Ability and Trait Emotional Intelligence Frontiers in Psychology

    What are the Traits of a Grandiose Narcissist? Unfilteredd

    What is Grandiosity? Psych Central

    What is Narcissistic Grandiosity and How Does It Differ from Vulnerable Narcissism Kamini Wood

    Living with a Grandiose Narcissist: Strategies for Survival (NPD)

    🎓 Mental Health, Psychology and Relationship Resources

    01 December 2023

    Human Perception and Cognitive Information Systems

    Human / Cognitive Information Systems Perception Research and Resources

    Human Perception and Cognitive Information Systems

    The outer world is a reflection of the inner world. Other people’s perception of you is a reflection of them; your response to them is an awareness of you.”― Roy T. Bennett

    Human Perception Research

    Cognitive Information Systems Research

    Human Perception and Cognitive Information Systems
    "Human perception and cognitive information systems are areas of study that intersect human psychology, information technology, and artificial intelligence. They involve understanding how humans perceive and process information and then applying this understanding to develop intelligent systems, such as computer programs and algorithms, that can mimic or enhance human-like cognitive abilities. Here's an overview of these concepts:

    Human Perception:
    Human perception refers to the process by which humans interpret and make sense of the world around them. It encompasses the five primary senses:
    • Visual perception: How humans process and interpret visual information from the environment, including recognizing objects, patterns, and colors.
    • Auditory perception: How humans perceive and interpret sounds and speech, including speech recognition and auditory scene analysis.
    • Tactile perception: How humans perceive and interpret touch and pressure sensations, important for haptic interfaces and virtual reality.
    • Olfactory perception: How humans perceive and interpret smells and odors.
    • Gustatory perception: How humans perceive and interpret tastes.

    Cognitive Information Systems: 
    Cognitive information systems are computer-based systems designed to emulate certain aspects of human cognition, such as reasoning, problem-solving, learning, and decision-making. These systems use various techniques from artificial intelligence and cognitive science to achieve their goals. Key components of cognitive information systems include:
    • Knowledge representation: Storing and organizing information in a format that the system can use for reasoning and decision-making.
    • Reasoning and problem-solving: Applying logic and algorithms to draw inferences, solve problems, and make decisions.
    • Learning: Allowing the system to acquire new knowledge and adapt based on experience.
    • Natural language processing (NLP): Enabling the system to understand and generate human language, facilitating communication between humans and machines.
    • Perception and sensing: Integrating sensors and data processing to enable the system to interact with the physical world.

    Applications and Examples: 
    Cognitive information systems find applications in various domains, including:
    • Healthcare: Developing systems that can assist in medical diagnosis, treatment planning, and drug discovery by analyzing patient data and medical literature.
    • Customer service: Building chatbots and virtual assistants that can understand and respond to customer queries in natural language.
    • Autonomous vehicles: Creating self-driving cars that can perceive their surroundings, make driving decisions, and adapt to changing conditions.
    • Education: Designing intelligent tutoring systems that adapt to individual student needs and provide personalized instruction.
    • Finance: Developing algorithms for automated trading and fraud detection by analyzing financial data.

    Challenges and Ethical Considerations:
    • Privacy concerns: Gathering and analyzing personal data for cognitive systems can raise privacy issues.
    • Bias and fairness: Ensuring that these systems do not perpetuate biases present in the training data.
    • Transparency and accountability: Understanding and explaining the decisions made by cognitive systems is crucial, especially in high-stakes applications.

    In summary, human perception and cognitive information systems are intertwined fields that aim to leverage our understanding of human cognition to develop intelligent systems capable of perceiving and processing information in ways that mimic or enhance human capabilities. These technologies have a wide range of applications across industries but also pose important ethical and societal challenges." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

    A Model of Unified Perception and Cognition Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence

    Characteristics of Human Perception and Their Relevance When Studying Information Behaviour ResearchGate

    Cognitive factors in predicting continued use of information systems with technology adoption models PDF Download The University of Borås Sweden

    Cognitive Perception - The recognition and analysis of speech, audio signals, images, videos and documents by means of artificial intelligence are the focus of our research.
    Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems IAIS

    Cognitive Psychology and Human Cognition for User Experience Medium

    Cognitive Systems Research Latest Journal's Impact IF - Trend · Prediction · Ranking · Key Factor Analysis Academic Accelerator

    Cognition and Perception: Is There Really a Distinction? Association of Psychological Science

    Cognitive Information Systems in Human Perception ScienceDirect

    Data Visualization for Human Perception Interaction Design Foundation

    Differences between Human and Machine Perception in Medical Diagnosis Nature

    Estimating human perception using information from cameras and wearable sensors Honda Research Institute Japan

    Healthcare information systems: the cognitive challenge BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making

    How reliable is perception? PDF Download Gary LupyanDepartment of Psychology University of Wisconsin-Madison

    Human Perception: A comparative study of how others perceive me and how I perceive myself PDF Download Institution for Psychology Linnéuniversitetet

    Human Perception, Cognition & Action Max-Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics

    Information Processing Model: Understanding our Mental Mechanisms ABLE

    Information-Processing Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, and the Cognitive Systems Paradigm PDF Download Pat Langley Institute for the Study of Learning and Expertise Palo Alto, California, USA

    On the Cognitive Processes of Human Perception with Emotions, Motivations, and Attitudes ResearchGate

    Person Perception, Meet People Perception: Exploring the Social Vision of Groups Sage Journals

    Perspectives on computational perception and cognition under uncertainty IEEE Explore

    Research in Human Behavior, Perception, and Cognition School of Computing and Information Department of Informatics and Networked Systems University of Pittsburgh

    Research shows that people differ in their power of perception University College London

    Stanford Human Perception Lab Stanford University

    The Unrepeatable Human Mind - Challenges in the Development of Cognitive Information Systems - What Makes a Machine Human? MDPI

    The shaping of social perception by stimulus and knowledge cues to human animacy The Royal Society Publishing

    The Study of Human Perception Senses Presentation IvyPanda

    Understanding User Perceptions, Collaborative Experience and User Engagement in Different Human-AI Interaction Designs for Co-Creative Systems ACM Digital Library

    Visual Perception and Representation of Shape UCLA Human Perception Lab Department of Psychology University of California

    Four Types of Human Perception - Video

    Understanding Gender Identity

     Gender Identity: Awareness, Research and Resources

    Understanding Gender Identity

    Gender identity belongs to the person who lives it, but one cannot deny that observers will make assumptions about us based on their understanding or comprehension of gender signals.”
    ― Jamison Green

    Gender Identity Research

    Gender Socialization and Identity Theory

    Understanding Gender Identity
    "Gender identity refers to a deeply-felt understanding of one's own gender, which may or may not align with the sex assigned at birth. It's an intrinsic sense of being male, female, a blend of both, neither, or another gender entirely. It's distinct from biological sex, which is assigned based on physical attributes such as genitalia, chromosomes, and reproductive systems.

    Here are key components to understand about gender identity:

    1. Gender Spectrum: Gender exists on a spectrum rather than in a strict binary (male/female). Some people identify as non-binary, genderqueer, genderfluid, or agender, among other identities, which may not fit within traditional male or female categories.

    2. Cisgender vs. Transgender: A cisgender person's gender identity aligns with the sex they were assigned at birth. A transgender person's gender identity differs from their assigned sex at birth.

    3. Gender Dysphoria: Some individuals may experience distress, known as gender dysphoria, when the gender they identify with doesn't match their body or the gender assigned to them at birth. Not all transgender individuals experience gender dysphoria.

    4. Social and Cultural Factors: Gender identity is shaped by both internal sense and external influences, including societal expectations, culture, and personal experiences.

    5. Respect and Recognition: Respecting an individual's gender identity involves using the pronouns and terms they prefer, creating a supportive environment, and recognizing their identity as valid and real.

    Understanding and respecting gender identity is crucial for fostering inclusive environments and supporting individuals in expressing their true selves. It's important to approach discussions around gender identity with an open mind, empathy, and a willingness to learn and respect diverse experiences and identities." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

    Americans’ Complex Views on Gender Identity and Transgender Issues Pew Research Center

    Definitions, Development of Gender Identity Medscape

    Exploring Gender and Gender Identity Council of Europe

    Gender Identity Development in Children Healthy Children

    Gender Identity Guide A guide to supporting children and young people with their gender identity PDF Download Action for Children UK

    Gender Identity, Definition, Theories and Facts Britannica

    Gender Identity needs to be based on Objective Evidence rather than Feelings The Economist

    Gender Socialization and Identity Theory MDPI

    Gender and Mental Health Guide Young Minds

    How Gender Theory Undermines Reality Alliance Defending Freedom

    How Science is Helping Us Understand Gender Nasional Geographic

    Models of Gender Identity Gender Wiki

    Moving beyond Gender Identity: The need for Contextualization in Gender-Sensitive Medical Research The Lancet Regional Health Europe

    Resources About Gender Identity Unitarian Universalist Association

    Sense of Self and Self-Identity Mental Health and Motivation

    Supporting Gender Identity: A Beginner’s Guide for Friends, Family, and University Staff University of San Francisco University

    Social Identity Theory Mental Health and Motivation

    Terms That Describe Gender Identity and Expression Healthline

    The Role of Gender Identification and Need for Closure Sage Journals

    Transgender Facts Mayo Clinic

    Understanding Gender Identity The Jed Foundation

    Understanding Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation James Madison University

    Understanding Transgender People, Gender Identity and Gender Expression American Psychological Association

    What are some different types of Gender Identity? Medical News Today

    What is Gender? A Guide to Understand Gender Identity (Tool) Catalyst

    What is Gender Dysphoria? Mental Health and Motivation

    Explaining Gender Identity - Video

    🎓 Mental Health, Psychology and Relationship Resources

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Education

    AI in Education: Awareness, Research and Resources

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Education
    Artificial intelligence is not a substitute for human intelligence; it is a tool to amplify human creativity and ingenuity. – Fei-Fei Li

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Education Research

    Machine Learning Research

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Education
    "Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to revolutionize education in various ways, offering new opportunities to enhance teaching and learning experiences. Here are some key areas where AI is making an impact in education:
    1. Personalized Learning: AI can analyze students' learning patterns and preferences to create personalized learning experiences. This allows educators to tailor educational content and activities to individual needs, helping students learn at their own pace.

    2. Adaptive Learning Systems: AI-powered adaptive learning systems can adjust the difficulty of learning materials based on students' performance. This ensures that students are challenged appropriately, promoting a more efficient and engaging learning process.

    3. Automated Grading and Feedback: AI tools can automate the grading of assignments and tests, saving teachers valuable time. Additionally, AI can provide instant feedback to students, allowing them to understand their mistakes and areas for improvement.

    4. Intelligent Tutoring Systems: AI-driven tutoring systems can act as virtual tutors, offering personalized guidance to students. These systems can adapt to each student's learning style, providing additional support in areas where they may be struggling.

    5. Language Processing and Translation: AI-powered language processing tools can assist students in language learning by providing real-time translation, pronunciation assistance, and language comprehension support.

    6. Virtual Classrooms and Simulations: AI can enable the creation of virtual classrooms and simulations, offering immersive and interactive learning experiences. This is particularly valuable in fields where hands-on experience is essential, such as science and engineering.

    7. Early Intervention for Learning Disabilities: AI can help identify learning disabilities or challenges early on by analyzing students' performance patterns. Early intervention can then be initiated to provide targeted support.

    8. Data Analysis for Educational Insights: AI tools can process and analyze large volumes of educational data to extract valuable insights. This information can help educators and administrators make informed decisions about curriculum development, resource allocation, and overall education strategy.

    9. Automated Administrative Tasks:AI can streamline administrative tasks, such as scheduling, record-keeping, and resource management, allowing educators to focus more on teaching and student interactions.

    10. Predictive Analytics: AI algorithms can predict student outcomes and identify students who may be at risk of falling behind. This information enables timely interventions to support struggling students.

    While AI presents exciting possibilities in education, it's essential to consider ethical implications, data privacy, and the need for responsible implementation to ensure that AI tools benefit all students and contribute to the overall improvement of the education system." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

    Artificial Intelligence in Education UNESCO

    AI Will Transform Teaching and Learning. Let’s Get it Right Stanford University

    AI Technologies for Education: Recent Research and Future Directions ScienceDirect

    Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Teaching and Learning Insights and Recommendations PDF Download Office of Educational Technology (USA)

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Education: Impact & Examples QuestionPro

    Awareness among Teaching on AI and ML applications based on Fuzzy in Education Sector at USA NIH

    Education and Awareness for Artificial Intelligence Springer Link

    Effective use of machine learning to empower your research Times Higher Education

    Artificial Intelligence for Teaching & Learning University of Cape Town

    Embracing Artificial Intelligence in the Classroom Harvard Graduate School of Education

    Evaluating Artificial Intelligence in Education for Next Generation IOP Science

    Examples of Artificial Intelligence in Education University of San Diego

    Future of Testing in Education: Artificial Intelligence Center for American Progress

    Generative Artificial Intelligence in education: What are the opportunities and challenges? UNESCO

    How Is AI Used In Education: Real World Examples Of Today And A Peek Into The Future Bernard Marr and Co.

    How to use ChatGPT as a Learning Tool American Psychological Association

    Human Motivation by AI Mental Health and Motivation

    Intelligent Classrooms: What AI Means For The Future Of Education Forbes

    Is education ready for artificial intelligence? Machine learning and EdTech Cambridge University Press & Assessment

    Machine Learning: Algorithms, Real-World Applications and Research Directions Springer Link

    Research on Machine Learning Methods and Its Applications ResearchGate

    The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Learner–Instructor Interaction in Online Learning Springer Open

    The latest in Machine Learning Papers With Code

    The Promises and Challenges of Artificial Intelligence for Teachers: a Systematic Review of Research Springer Link

    Top 20 Recent Research Papers on Machine Learning and Deep Learning KD Nuggets

    Using Artificial Intelligence in Education: Pros and Cons The Knowledge Review

    How is Artificial Intelligence (AI) used in Education? - Video

    ADHD and Empathy

    ADHD and Empathy : Awareness, Research and Resources

    ADHD and Empathy

    Passion isn’t everything, but everything is better with passion, especially if you have ADHD. I hope that you all find that passion about something or someone. Never stop looking for it. Once you find it, fight for it with every breath.”― Shayne Neal

    ADHD Empathy Research

    Association between Empathy and Brain Structure

    ADHD and Empathy
    "ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that primarily affects attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Empathy, on the other hand, refers to the ability to understand and share the feelings of others. While ADHD does not directly impact empathy, individuals with ADHD may experience challenges in certain aspects of empathy due to the symptoms and characteristics associated with the disorder. It's important to note that individuals with ADHD can still possess and develop empathy, but their experiences may differ.

    Here are some key points regarding ADHD and empathy:

    1. Emotional Regulation: Individuals with ADHD may struggle with emotional regulation, meaning they may have difficulty managing their own emotions. This can sometimes make it challenging for them to fully empathize with others' emotions or respond appropriately in emotional situations.

    2. Inattention and Distractibility: Individuals with ADHD often have difficulties with sustained attention and may struggle to focus on social cues or emotional expressions. This may affect their ability to accurately perceive and interpret others' emotions, potentially impacting their empathetic responses.

    3. Impulsivity: Impulsivity is a common characteristic of ADHD, and it can sometimes lead to impulsive behaviors or comments that may inadvertently disregard or overlook others' feelings. This impulsive nature can interfere with the expression of empathy in certain situations.

    4. Hyperactivity and Social Interactions: Hyperactivity associated with ADHD may result in restlessness and difficulty staying still during social interactions. This may cause others to perceive individuals with ADHD as disinterested or unempathetic, even though their lack of empathy might be unintentional.

    5. Perspective-Taking: Some research suggests that individuals with ADHD may experience challenges in perspective-taking, which is an essential component of empathy. Perspective-taking involves understanding and considering other people's thoughts, feelings, and perspectives. Difficulties in this area may affect an individual's ability to fully grasp and empathize with others' experiences.

    It's important to approach ADHD and empathy on an individual basis, as everyone's experiences and abilities may vary. While some individuals with ADHD may struggle with specific aspects of empathy, it does not mean they are incapable of empathizing. Many people with ADHD are compassionate, caring, and capable of understanding and connecting with others on an emotional level.

    Understanding and providing support for individuals with ADHD can help create an environment that fosters empathy. Strategies such as providing clear communication, actively listening, and offering opportunities for social skill development can enhance empathetic abilities in individuals with ADHD. Additionally, interventions like therapy and social skills training can further support the development of empathy and emotional regulation in individuals with ADHD." (Source: Chat GPT 2023)

    ADHD and Empathy: A Double-Edged Sword Hallowell Todaro ADHD Center

    ADHD and Empathy: Identifying and Resolving the Disconnect FastBrain

    ADHD And Empathy: Is It Really Missing In Your Child? Start Here Parents

    Biological Bases of Empathy and Social Cognition in Patients with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Focus on Treatment with Psychostimulants MDPI

    Can ADHD Affect Empathy? It’s Complicated Mindpath Health

    Cultivating Compassion ADHD Project: A Mentalization Informed Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Approach Taylor & Francis Online

    Current Research and Future Directions in Psychodynamic Treatment of ADHD: Is Empathy the Missing Link? Taylor & Francis Online

    Cognitive and Emotional Empathy in Children with ADHD and Conduct Disorder NIH

    Disrupted Association between Empathy and Brain Structure in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Journal of Korean Academy of Child and Adolescence Psychiatry

    Emotional dysregulation and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder NIH

    Empathy and ADHD ADHD and Marriage

    Helping Your ADHD Child Develop Stronger Empathy edge Foundation

    How to Show Empathy: Advice for ADHD Brains ADDitude

    Impaired Empathy but no Theory of Mind Deficits in Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Brain Behavior

    Reduced Emotional Empathy in Adults with Subclinical ADHD: Evidence from the Empathy and Systemizing Quotient NIH

    Social Cognition in Adult ADHD: A Systematic Review Frontiers in Psychology

    The Negative Effect of ADHD on Emotional Intelligence Saint Luke Institute

    The Relationship between Aggression, Empathy Skills and Serum Oxytocin Levels in Male Children and Adolescents with Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder PDF Download IOWA 
    Psychological and Brain Sciences

    The Positive aspects of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Qualitative Investigation of Successful Adults with ADHD Springer

    Theory of Mind and Empathy in Children With ADHD Sage Journals

    Toxic Empathy and ADHD: The Vicious Cycle of Trauma and Emotions inflow

    Ways to Teach Empathy to Children With ADHD Health Central

    6 Signs You're Dealing with Someone Who Deeply Lacks Empathy - Video

    🎓 Mental Health, Psychology and Relationship Resources

    What is Cognitive Defusion?

    Cognitive Defusion: Awareness, Research and Resources

    Cognitive Defusion

    Thus, evolution has shaped our brains so that we are hardwired to suffer psychologically: to compare, evaluate, and criticize ourselves, to focus on what we’re lacking, to rapidly become dissatisfied with what we have, and to imagine all sorts of frightening scenarios, most of which will never happen. No wonder humans find it hard to be happy!” ― Russ Harris

    "Gaining a deeper understanding of cognitive dissonance assisted me to acquire valuable insight, conditioning and application of cognitive defusion. Through healthy cognitive (self) reasoning and associated evaluation / action processes I have learned to untangle the perpetual thoughts of someone else's narcissistic and antisocial persona." — Vernon Chalmers

    Cognitive Defusion Research

    What is Cognitive Defusion?
    Cognitive defusion is a concept that comes from acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), a form of psychotherapy. The term refers to the process of "de-fusing" or loosening the grip of thoughts from one's immediate experience or identity. In other words, it involves changing the way you relate to your thoughts.

    The idea behind cognitive defusion is that people often become entangled or fused with their thoughts, especially negative or distressing ones. This fusion can lead to emotional distress and can limit a person's ability to engage fully in life. Cognitive defusion techniques aim to help individuals create some distance from their thoughts, allowing them to observe them more objectively.

    Here are some examples of cognitive defusion techniques:

    • Instead of saying, "I am anxious," you might say, "I am noticing that I am having the thought that I am anxious." This helps create a separation between the person and the thought.

    • Using metaphors to illustrate the nature of thoughts can be helpful. For example, thinking of thoughts as passing clouds in the sky, where you are the sky and not the clouds.

    Singing or Silly Voices
    • Reciting distressing thoughts in a silly voice or singing them can make them seem less threatening and more detached.

    • Practicing mindfulness involves observing thoughts without judgment. Mindfulness meditation and similar practices can help individuals develop a more accepting and non-reactive stance toward their thoughts.

    The goal of cognitive defusion is not to eliminate thoughts but to change one's relationship with them. By defusing from thoughts, individuals can reduce the impact of distressing or unhelpful cognitions and live more in accordance with their values. This aligns with the broader goals of acceptance and commitment therapy, which focuses on accepting what is out of one's personal control and committing to actions that enrich one's life." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

    A Process-Based Analysis of Cognitive Defusion in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy ScienceDirect

    Cognitive Defusion: How to Support Students to Manage Internal Distress Komodo

    Cognitive Defusion and Distressing Mental Events Medium

    Cognitive Defusion and Psychological Flexibility With Self Relevant Academic Distress Stimuli  PDF Download University of Mississippi 

    Cognitive Defusion and Psychological Flexibility Predict Negative Body Image in the Chinese College Students: Evidence from Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

    Cognitive Defusion and Self-Relevant Negative Thoughts: Examining the Impact of a Ninety Year Old Technique PDF Download Contextual Science

    Cognitive defusion and the Self (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Research Component) PDF Download Maria Parissi University of Birmingham

    Cognitive Defusion in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: What Are the Basic Processes of Change? ResearchGate

    Cognitive Defusion as Strategy to Reduce the Intensity of Craving Episodes and Improve Eating Behavior PDF Download Spanish Journal of Psychology

    Cognitive Defusion for Psychological Distress, Dysphoria, and Low Self-Esteem: A Randomized Technique Evaluation Trial of Vocalizing Strategies American Psychological Association

    Cognitive Defusion Log Worksheet Care Patron

    Cognitive Defusion Predicts more Approach and less Avoidance Coping with Stress, Independent of Threat and Self-Efficacy Appraisals Australian Catholic University

    Cognitive Defusion versus Cognitive Restructuring in the Treatment of Negative Self-Referential Thoughts: An Investigation of Process and Outcome University of Wollongong Australia

    Cognitive Defusion versus Experiential Avoidance in the Reduction of Smoking Behaviour: An Experimental and Preliminary Investigation Taylor and Francis Online 

    Cognitive Defusion versus Thought Distraction: A Clinical Rationale, Training, and Experiential Exercise in Altering Psychological Impacts of Negative Self-Referential Thoughts Sage Journals

    Cognitive Defusion for Reducing Distressing Thoughts in Adults with Autism ScienceDirect

    Effects of Cognitive Restructuring and Defusion for Coping with Difficult Thoughts in a Predominantly White Female College Student Sample USU Library

    How "Cognitive Defusion" Can Help With Anxiety Psychology Today

    Measuring Psychological Flexibility and Cognitive Defusion in individuals with acquired Brain Injury Taylor and Francis Online

    Using brief Cognitive Restructuring and Cognitive Defusion Techniques to Cope with Negative Thoughts Index Copernicus International

    Using Cognitive Defusion and Acceptance Techniques with Children and Adolescents Developing Minds

    What is Cognitive Defusion? Openforwards

    What is Cognitive Dissonance? Mental Health and Motivation

    Cognitive Defusion: Life Changing Intrusive Thoughts Tip - Video