30 November 2022

Definition and Characteristics of a Psychopath

Characteristics, Signs and Symptoms of a Psychopath

Definition and Characteristics of a Psychopath: Mental Health and Motivation

Psychopaths are generally viewed as aggressive, insensitive, charismatic, irresponsible, intelligent, dangerous, hedonistic, narcissistic and antisocial. These are persons who can masterfully explain another person's problems and what must be done to overcome them, but who appear to have little or no insight into their own lives or how to correct their own problems.

Those psychopaths who can articulate solutions for their own personal problems usually fail to follow them through. Psychopaths are perceived as exceptional manipulators capable of feigning emotions in order to carry out their personal agendas.

Without remorse for the plight of their victims, they are adept at rationalization, projection, and other psychological defense mechanisms. The veneer of stability, friendliness, and normality belies a deeply disturbed personality. Outwardly there appears to be nothing abnormal about their personalities, even their behavior.

They are careful to maintain social distance and share intimacy only with those whom they can psychologically control. They are noted for their inability to maintain long-term commitments to people or programs.”― Eric W. Hickey, Forensic Psychologist

The 16 characteristics of psychopaths:
Without shame or remorse
Having poor judgment
Without capacity for love
Poor insight
Indifferent to the trust or kindness of others
Overreactive to alcohol
Impersonal sex life
Lacking long-term goals
Inadequately motivated antisocial behavior
― Hervey M. Cleckley, The Mask of Sanity

Warning Signs you’re Dealing with a Psychopath

Definition and Characteristics of a Psychopath
A psychopath is an individual who exhibits a specific set of personality traits and behaviors associated with a psychological disorder known as psychopathy. Psychopathy is characterized by a profound lack of empathy, a disregard for the rights and feelings of others, manipulative tendencies, and a shallow affect (lack of emotional depth). It is important to note that psychopathy is considered a clinical diagnosis and should be assessed by trained mental health professionals.

Here are some key characteristics commonly associated with psychopathy:
  1. Lack of Empathy: Psychopaths have a limited ability to experience or understand the emotions and perspectives of others. They may struggle to show compassion, remorse, or guilt for their harmful actions.

  2. Superficial Charm: Psychopaths often possess an engaging and charismatic demeanor, which they use to manipulate and exploit others. They can appear charming, persuasive, and charismatic, while masking their true intentions.

  3. Manipulative and Deceptive: Psychopaths are skilled at manipulating others to achieve their own goals. They may lie, deceive, or manipulate situations to their advantage without remorse or consideration for the well-being of others.

  4. Impulsivity and Irresponsibility: Psychopaths frequently engage in impulsive and reckless behaviors without thinking about the potential consequences. They may show a disregard for rules, social norms, and obligations.

  5. Lack of Remorse or Guilt: Psychopaths typically do not feel genuine remorse or guilt for their harmful actions. They may rationalize their behavior or shift blame onto others, demonstrating a lack of personal accountability.

  6. Shallow Emotions: Psychopaths often display a limited range and depth of emotions. They may have difficulty forming deep emotional connections or experiencing complex emotions such as love, empathy, or remorse.

  7. Lack of Long-Term Goals: Psychopaths tend to focus on immediate gratification and short-term gains rather than long-term planning. They may have difficulty maintaining stable relationships, employment, or other commitments.

  8. Risky Behavior and Impaired Judgment: Psychopaths may engage in risky or antisocial behavior, such as substance abuse, criminal activity, or aggression. They often have impaired judgment and struggle to consider the potential negative consequences of their actions.
It is crucial to recognize that not all individuals who exhibit some of these traits are psychopaths. Psychopathy is a complex personality disorder that requires a comprehensive assessment by qualified mental health professionals using standardized diagnostic criteria, such as the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Defining traits of a Psychopath, according to a Researcher who Studies them Insider

What is a psychopath? Healthline

Characteristics of the Modern Psychopath Psychology Today

Psychopathy & Aggression: When Paralimbic Dysfunction Leads to Violence PMC

Signs of a Psychopath: Traits & Characteristics Choosing Therapy

Signs of Psychopathy in Kids Verywell Family

The Empathic Brain of Psychopaths: From Social Science to Neuroscience in Empathy
Frontiers in Psychology

Twenty Warning Signs: You may be dealing with a Psychopath Personal Growth Counseling

Warning Signs you’re Dealing with a Psychopath CBT Psychology

What is a psychopath? Healthline

Psychopathy / Psychopath Book Mentions

The Mark of Cain : Psychoanalytic Insight and the Psychopath
J. Reid Meloy

The Mask of Sanity: An Attempt to Clarify Some Issues About the So Called Psychopathic Personality Hervey M. Cleckley

The Psychopath Inside: A Neuroscientist's Personal Journey into the Dark Side of the Brain
James Fallon

The Psychopath Whisperer: The Science of Those Without Conscience
Kent A. Kiehl PH. D

Violence and Psychopathy
Robert D. Hare (auth.) & Adrian Raine & José Sanmartín (eds.)

Without Conscience : The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths Among Us
Robert D. Hare PH.D.

Signs You're Dealing With a Psychopath - Video

Relationship Anger Management

Relationship Anger Management Awareness, Research and Resources

Relationship Anger Management : Mental Health and Motivation

"The smarter you get, the more you realize anger is not worth it."― Maxime Lagacé

Never respond to an angry person with a fiery comeback, even if he deserves it...Don't allow his anger to become your anger.” ― Bohdi Sanders

Relationship Anger Management : Controlling Anger and Rage

Assisting a Partner with Anger and Rage Problems

Anger and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Anger and Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD)

Anger and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

Anger and Bipolar Personality Disorder (BP)

Anger and Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)

Anger Issues: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Management Healthline

Anger and Aggression in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity (ADHD) Disorder : Does Stress Matter?  BMC

Anger and Borderline Personality (BPD) Disorder – Why it Happens & How to Manage It Hey Sygmund

Anger, Rage and Relationship : An Empathic Approach to Anger Management
Sue Parker Hall

Anger Management Strategies to Help You Calm Down Verywell Mind

Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD); Anger; Childhood Behavioral Problems
PDF Document Download

Anger and Personality Disorders- Should You Be Worried? Hartley Counselling

Anger Management Counselling with the Antisocial Personality (ASPD) APA SychNet

Anger in Psychological Disorders: Prevalence, Presentation, Etiology and Prognostic Implications PDF Document Download Elsevier

Borderline Rage (BPD) : What's the Method to Their Madness? Psychology Today

Bipolar Disorder (BP) and Anger : Why It Happens and How to Cope Healthline

Bipolar & Anger (BP) : Unravel Your Wrath University of Michigan

Chronic Anger as a Precursor to Adult Antisocial Personality Features NIH

Difference Between Anger and Rage Ask Any Difference

Effects of Induced Anger in Patients with Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) Cambridge Core

Healing Anger : the Differences Between Anger and Rage Counselling Directory

Healing the Angry Brain: How Understanding the Way Your Brain Works Can Help
You Control Anger
Ronald Potter-Efron MSW PH.D.

How can I control my anger? Medical News Today

How to Control Anger in a Relationship talkspace

How to Handle ADHD and Anger in Adults HealthyPlace

How To Interact And Deal With Someone Experiencing Bipolar Anger & Rage betterhelp

How to Manage Anger in Your Relationships Psychology Today

How To Support Your Partner With Anger Issues The Awareness Centre

Improving Relationships While Managing Anger and ADHD Verywell Mind

Managing Anger for Better Health and Relationships PDF Document Download

Rage Becomes Her: The Power of Women’s Anger
Soraya Chemaly

Signs and Symptoms of Anger Management Issues Priory Group

Signs You Have Anger Issues and Overcoming Them Kentucky Counselling Center

Strategies for Controlling your Anger: Keeping Anger in Check American Psychological Association

The ADHD-Anger Connection : New Insights into Emotional Dysregulation and Treatment Considerations Additude

The Dance of Anger: A Woman's Guide to Changing the Patterns of Intimate Relationships
Harriet Lerner

The Danger Of Anger In Relationships betterhelp

The Dark Side of Anger: What Every Couple Should Know Dr. Robert Navarra

The Evolving Science of Anger Management ResearchGate

The Link Between Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Anger Verywell Mind

Understanding the Concept of Anger Management ResearchGate

Valuable Tips on Managing Anger in Relationships Marriage

What Is Narcissistic (NPD) Rage? Verywell Mind

What Is Narcissistic (NPD) Rage, and What’s the Best Way to Deal with It? Healthline

What to know about ADHD and Anger in Adults Medical News Today

When Anger Becomes Emotional Abuse: How to Control Anger and Frustration in a Relationship PSYCOM

Ways to Manage Borderline (BPD) Anger Episodes in a Healthier Way Verywell Mind
Narcissistic Rage (NPD) : Triggers, Causes, & How to Respond Choosing Therapy

Anger Management for Relationships - Video

15 November 2022

How Do You Cope with Being Ghosted?

What is Ghosting? How to Deal with Ghosting
How Do You Cope with Being Ghosted?

'Have you ever stopped communicating with someone on social media for no apparent reason? Or maybe you were on the receiving end and were ignored without an explanation? If so, you have likely experienced ghosting.'

Learn more about Ghosting on the PsychologyWriting Website:
  • What is Ghosting?
  • Psychological Effects of Being Ghosted
  • Consequences of Ghosting Someone
  • Why Do People Ghost?
  • How to Cope with Being Ghosted: 11 Tips
  • Why is it harmful to everyone involved?
  • How can you deal with being Ghosted?

Source / Reference: PsychologyWriting

Published with permission from PsychologyWriting

01 November 2022

Inspirational Stories of Mental Health Recovery

 Individual Stories and Victories of Mental Health / Mental Illness Recovery

Inspirational Stories of Mental Health Recovery
The brain-disease model overlooks four fundamental truths: (1) our capacity to destroy one another is matched by our capacity to heal one another. Restoring relationships and community is central to restoring well-being; (2) language gives us the power to change ourselves and others by communicating our experiences, helping us to define what we know, and finding a common sense of meaning; (3) we have the ability to regulate our own physiology, including some of the so-called involuntary functions of the body and brain, through such basic activities as breathing, moving, and touching; and (4) we can change social conditions to create environments in which children and adults can feel safe and where they can thrive.

When we ignore these quintessential dimensions of humanity, we deprive people of ways to heal from trauma and restore their autonomy. Being a patient, rather than a participant in one’s healing process, separates suffering people from their community and alienates them from an inner sense of self.”
― Bessel A. van der Kolk

Mental Health Recovery Stories and Victories

Inspirational Stories of Mental Health Recovery
Here are a few inspirational stories of individuals who have experienced mental health recovery:

1. Eleanor Longden: Eleanor is a mental health advocate and speaker who experienced psychosis and was diagnosed with schizophrenia during her time at university. She heard distressing voices that often led to social isolation and despair. However, with the support of compassionate mental health professionals and her own determination, Eleanor began to challenge the negative stigma associated with her experiences. She embraced her voices, engaged in therapy, and pursued her education. Today, she is a prominent advocate for voice-hearers and promotes a compassionate and holistic approach to mental health.

2. Kevin Hines: Kevin is a suicide attempt survivor who jumped off the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco in an attempt to end his life. Miraculously, he survived the fall and now shares his story to raise awareness about mental health and suicide prevention. Kevin emphasizes the importance of reaching out for help, reducing stigma, and creating supportive communities. He has become a mental health advocate and works tirelessly to inspire others to seek help and find hope.

3. Melody Moezzi: Melody is an Iranian-American writer and activist who has openly shared her journey with bipolar disorder. She experienced periods of intense mania and debilitating depression but eventually found stability through therapy, medication, and self-care. Melody has written extensively about her experiences, advocating for improved mental health support and challenging stereotypes about mental illness. She promotes the message that recovery is possible with proper treatment and support.

4. Andrew Solomon: Andrew is a writer and mental health advocate who has written extensively about his struggles with depression. In his book "The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression," he explores his personal journey and interviews individuals from different cultures and backgrounds who have experienced depression. Andrew's story illustrates the power of seeking treatment, finding support, and finding hope even in the darkest of times.

These stories highlight the resilience, strength, and determination of individuals facing mental health challenges. They demonstrate that recovery is possible and that there is hope for a fulfilling life, even in the face of adversity. These individuals serve as inspiring examples and advocates, helping to reduce stigma, promote understanding, and encourage others to seek help and support." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

A Doctor Shares his Story about overcoming Mental Illness KevinMD

A Personal Story of Living through Depression Mental Help

An Anthology of Stories about Recovery from Mental Illness and Substance Abuse PDF Download Western Connecticut Mental Health Network  

An Inspiring Story of Recovery: Success and Schizophrenia Northern Lakes

Abuse Recovery Articles Vernon Chalmers Recovery Narrative

Hamza Shaikh: How I overcame Struggles with my Mental Health The Limping Chicken

Healing Process After an Abusive Relationship Mental Health and Motivation

How I Conquered Mental Illness to Succeed in University and How You Can, Too rtor

How I Overcame My Mental Health Issues Huffington Post

I Beat Anxiety & Depression ADAA Anxiety & Depression Association of America

Inspiring Stories About Managing Mental Illness Guideposts

Mental Health Recovery Narratives and Their Impact on Recipients: Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis Can J Psychiatry

Mental Health Stories From Inspirational Women Modern Therapy

Mental Health Stories: When Sharing really is Caring Deloitte

Mental Health Victories People Have Celebrated Refinery29

My Story On: Hope and Recovery Through Mental Illness The Wonder Forest Blog

Overcoming Mental Illness: What Worked and What Didn’t GenTwenty

People Ask Me How I Obliterated Mental Illness. Here’s Exactly How. Medium

Personal Mental Health Stories NAMI / National Alliance of Mental Illness

Personal Stories of Mental Illness can help others on the Road to Recovery University of Nottingham

Recovery From “Schizophrenia”: One Man’s Journey From Patient to Therapist Psychiatric Times

Recovery Stories of Psychosis PsychosisNet

Stories of Recovery from Mental Illness Shepell Fgi

Success Story: A Personal Story of Mental Illness Massachusetts Medical Society

Tyson Fury's Fight Against Mental Health and Addition Turnbridge

Psychosocial Rehabilitation Resources

 Psychosocial Rehabilitation Awareness, Information, Research and Resources

Psychosocial Rehabilitation Resources

Mental illness… occurs when our mental health is compromised or neglected for so long that it affects our ability to function in our everyday life.” Kati Morton

Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Support

Psychosocial Rehabilitation Research

Psychosocial Rehabilitation
"Psychosocial rehabilitation (PSR) is an approach to mental health treatment that focuses on helping individuals with mental health conditions improve their functioning, independence, and overall quality of life. PSR aims to address the social, psychological, and behavioral aspects of an individual's life to promote recovery and well-being. Here are some key points about psychosocial rehabilitation:

1. Holistic Approach: PSR takes a holistic approach by recognizing that mental health is influenced by various factors, including social, psychological, and environmental aspects. It considers the interplay between these factors and aims to address them comprehensively.

2. Recovery-Oriented: The primary goal of PSR is to support individuals in their recovery journey. It emphasizes the belief that people with mental health conditions can lead meaningful and fulfilling lives, despite the challenges they may face. PSR focuses on empowering individuals to regain control over their lives and work towards their personal goals.

3. Individualized Treatment: PSR recognizes that each person's experience and needs are unique. It emphasizes the importance of tailoring interventions and support to meet the individual's specific goals, strengths, and challenges. PSR programs often involve collaborative treatment planning, where the individual actively participates in setting goals and determining the strategies that will be employed.

4. Skills Development: PSR emphasizes the development of practical skills that can enhance an individual's daily functioning and promote recovery. These skills can include social and interpersonal skills, coping strategies, problem-solving abilities, stress management techniques, employment skills, and activities of daily living.

5. Community Integration: PSR focuses on supporting individuals in reintegrating into their communities and participating in meaningful social roles and activities. This may involve assistance in finding suitable housing, employment support, educational opportunities, and engagement in recreational and community-based programs.

6. Psychosocial Interventions: PSR incorporates various evidence-based psychosocial interventions to address different aspects of an individual's life. These interventions can include individual counseling, group therapy, psychoeducation, vocational rehabilitation, assertive community treatment, supported housing, and case management.

7. Collaborative Care: PSR often involves a multidisciplinary team approach, with mental health professionals from different disciplines working together to provide comprehensive care. This can include psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, occupational therapists, vocational counselors, and peer support specialists.

8. Long-Term Support: PSR recognizes that recovery is a continuous process and that ongoing support is essential. It focuses on building a strong support network and providing ongoing assistance to individuals as they navigate their recovery journey. This can involve periodic check-ins, follow-up services, and access to resources and support networks.

Psychosocial rehabilitation plays a vital role in promoting recovery and supporting individuals with mental health conditions in achieving their goals. It provides a framework for addressing the social and psychological factors that influence mental health and empowers individuals to live meaningful and fulfilling lives. If you or someone you know could benefit from psychosocial rehabilitation, it is recommended to seek assistance from mental health professionals or organizations that specialize in this area." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Common Problems in Psychosocial Rehabilitation ResearchGate

Community-based Psychosocial Rehabilitation for Schizophrenia Service Users in the North West Province of South Africa: A Formative Study Taylor and Francis

Developing a Realist Theory of Psychosocial Rehabilitation: The Clubhouse Model BMC

Digital Therapies in Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health (book) IGI Global

Efficacy of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Program: The RFS Experience ResearchGate

History of Psychosocial Rehabilitation in India ResearchGate

Impact of Completing a Psychosocial Rehabilitation Programme on inpatient Service Utilisation in South Africa AOSIS

Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health Springer

Manual of Psychosocial Rehabilitation PDF Download Digital Library

Psychosocial Rehabilitation: Benefits and Objectives Verywell Mind

Psychological Assessment and Intervention in Rehabilitation Clinical Gate

Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Treatment Middlesex College

Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Chronic Mental Illness: International Trends and South African issues Sage Journals

Psychosocial Rehabilitation of people living with Mental Illness: Lessons learned from Community-Based Psychiatric Rehabilitation Centres in Gujarat NIH

Psychosocial Rehabilitation Strategies for Social and Occupational Functioning Associated With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Oxford Academic

Psychosocial Rehabilitation : A Consensus Statement World Health Organization

Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services in Community Support Systems: A Review of Outcomes and Policy Recommendations Psychiatry Online

Psychosocial Rehabilitation for people with Mental Illness in the South African context : An Evaluation from a Service-Users Perspective University of Cape Town

Psychosocial Rehabilitation of Individuals with Schizophrenia: A Scoping Review Protocol BMC

The Implementation of Evidence-Based Psychiatric Rehabilitation: Challenges and Opportunities for Mental Health Services Frontiers in Psychiatry

What Is Psychosocial Rehabilitation? Verywell Mind

Understanding Psychosocial Support - Video

The Promotion of Mental Health

Promotion of International Mental Health Awareness, Research and Resources

Promotion of Mental Health

Over the course of the past decade, there’s been increased willingness to recognize mental health as an essential part of one’s well-being.” ― Nicole Spector

Mental Health Promotion

The Promotion of Mental Health
"Promoting mental health is crucial for overall well-being and quality of life. Here are some key ways to promote mental health:

1. Self-Care: Make self-care a priority in your daily routine. This includes taking care of your physical health through regular exercise, nutritious eating, and adequate sleep. Additionally, engage in activities that bring you joy, relaxation, and fulfillment, such as hobbies, meditation, reading, or spending time in nature.

2. Social Connections: Foster positive relationships and social connections. Maintain and nurture relationships with family, friends, and colleagues. Seek support and reach out to loved ones when needed. Participate in social activities or join clubs, groups, or organizations that align with your interests and values.

3. Manage Stress: Learn and practice stress management techniques. This may involve deep breathing exercises, mindfulness meditation, yoga, or engaging in activities that help you relax and unwind. Prioritize tasks, set realistic goals, and practice time management to reduce stress levels.

4. Seek Help and Support: Don't hesitate to seek professional help if you're experiencing mental health challenges. Mental health professionals, such as psychologists, therapists, or counselors, can provide guidance, support, and therapy tailored to your needs. If you're in crisis, reach out to helplines or emergency services immediately.

5. Mindful Awareness: Practice mindfulness, which involves being present in the moment without judgment. Pay attention to your thoughts, emotions, and physical sensations. Engage in mindfulness exercises, such as meditation or deep breathing, to cultivate a sense of calm and increase self-awareness.

6. Balance Work-Life: Strive for a healthy work-life balance. Set boundaries between work and personal life, and allocate time for leisure, relaxation, and activities that bring you joy. Avoid overworking or taking on too many commitments that can lead to burnout.

7. Reduce Stigma: Challenge and reduce the stigma surrounding mental health by promoting open conversations and understanding. Educate yourself and others about mental health issues to foster empathy and support. Encourage seeking help and show compassion towards individuals experiencing mental health challenges.

8. Healthy Habits: Engage in activities that boost your mental well-being. This can include pursuing hobbies, engaging in creative outlets, practicing gratitude, journaling, or volunteering. Engaging in activities that bring you a sense of purpose and fulfilment can positively impact mental health.

9. Limit Substance Abuse: Be aware of the potential negative effects of substance abuse on mental health. Limit or avoid the use of substances such as alcohol and drugs, as they can exacerbate mental health issues and create dependency.

10. Education and Awareness: Educate yourself and others about mental health conditions, symptoms, and available resources. By increasing awareness and understanding, you can help reduce the stigma associated with mental health and encourage individuals to seek help when needed.

Remember, promoting mental health is an ongoing process that requires consistent effort and self-care. Small steps taken regularly can have a positive impact on your mental well-being and the well-being of those around you." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

A Framework for Promoting Mental Health in School ReseachGate

Effects of a Mental Health Promotion Intervention on Mental Health of Iranian Female Adolescents: A School-based Study BMC Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

Effective use of Social Media platforms for Promotion of Mental Health Awareness NIC

Facilitating Mental Health Awareness and Community Engagement PDF Download  MHN

Free Promotion of International Mental Health Resources Mental Health and Motivation

How to Promote Mental Health Awareness in Your Community? sportskeeda

How to Promote Positive Mental Health in Schools High Speed Training

Mental Health Awareness AIR / American Institutes for Research

Mental Health Campaigns that are Making a Difference GWI

Mental Health Prevention and Promotion - A Narrative Review Frontiers in Psychiatry

Mental Health Promotion and the Prevention of Mental Disorders in South Africa PDF Download Walsh Medical Media

Mental Health Promotion - Health and Community Services Newfoundland Labrador

Mental Health Promotion in Schools PDF Download Manitoba

Mental Health Promotion in Schools: A comprehensive Theoretical Framework PDF Download University of Milano-Bicocca

Promoting Mental Health WHO / World Health Organization

Promoting Mental Health and Preventing Mental Illness in General Practice NIH

Review of Mental Health Promotion Interventions in Schools Springer

School-based Mental Health Promotion in Children and Adolescents with StresSOS using online or face-to-face Interventions: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial within the ProHEAD Consortium BMC

The Promotion of Mental Health and the Prevention of Mental Health Problems in Children and Adolescents NIH

The Status of Mental Health Promotion PDF Download Springer 

What is mental health promotion? Prevention United

Why Good Mental Health Is Important and How to Promote It Psych Central

What is Mental Health Promotion? - Video

History of Psychiatry

 International History of Psychiatry - Awareness and Information

History of Psychiatry

If there is one central intellectual reality at the end of the twentieth century, it is that the biological approach to psychiatry--treating mental illness as a genetically influenced disorder of brain chemistry--has been a smashing success. Freud's ideas, which dominated the history of psychiatry for the past half century, are now vanishing like the last snows of winter.” ― Edward Shorter

Historical Development of Psychiatry

History of Psychiatry
The history of psychiatry is a branch of medicine that focuses on the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. It has a long and evolving history that spans centuries. Here's a brief overview of the history of psychiatry:

1. Ancient and Medieval Periods: The origins of psychiatry can be traced back to ancient civilizations. In ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome, mental illnesses were often attributed to supernatural causes. Early treatments included rituals, prayers, exorcisms, and trephination (drilling holes in the skull). In the Middle Ages, mental health care was provided in monasteries and religious institutions.

2. The Birth of Modern Psychiatry: The 18th and 19th centuries witnessed significant developments in the understanding and treatment of mental illness. Philippe Pinel and William Tuke introduced more humane approaches to care for individuals with mental disorders, advocating for the removal of physical restraints and the provision of moral treatment. These approaches emphasized respect, dignity, and therapy.

3. Psychopathology and Classification: In the 19th century, Emil Kraepelin and others began to classify mental disorders based on observable symptoms and course of illness. Kraepelin's work laid the foundation for the modern diagnostic system. The publication of the first Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) in 1952, and subsequent revisions, provided a standardized approach to the classification of mental disorders.

4. Psychodynamic Approaches: Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis, developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, brought attention to unconscious processes and the influence of early experiences on mental health. Freud's ideas shaped the field of psychiatry, emphasizing the importance of talk therapy and exploring the unconscious mind.

5. Biological Psychiatry: In the 20th century, advances in neuroscience and the development of psychopharmacology revolutionized psychiatry. Medications such as antipsychotics, antidepressants, and mood stabilizers became available, providing more targeted treatment options for mental disorders. Biological psychiatry explores the neurobiological underpinnings of mental illnesses.

6. Community Mental Health Movement: In the mid-20th century, the focus of psychiatry shifted toward community-based care. Deinstitutionalization aimed to move individuals with mental illness out of large psychiatric hospitals and provide care in community settings. This movement emphasized the importance of integrating mental health care into general medical practices and promoting recovery and social integration.

7. Multidisciplinary Approaches: Contemporary psychiatry is characterized by a multidisciplinary approach. It incorporates various therapeutic modalities, including medication management, psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and psychosocial interventions. Additionally, psychiatric research explores the interaction between biological, psychological, and social factors in mental health and illness.

It's important to note that the history of psychiatry is not without its controversies, including past practices such as institutionalization, coercive treatments, and stigmatization of individuals with mental illness. The field continues to evolve, aiming to provide evidence-based, person-centered care while promoting understanding, destigmatization, and improved outcomes for individuals with mental disorders." (Source: GhatGPT 2023)

A Brief History of Mental Illness and the U.S. Mental Health Care System Unite for Sight

A Brief History of Psychiatry Steven P Reidbord MD

A Modern History of Psychiatric - Mental Health Nursing Science Direct

Global Histories of Psychiatry Humanities and Social Sciences Online 

History & Timeline of Mental Health and Addiction Treatment Sunrise House Treatment Center

History of Psychiatry Sage Journal

History of Psychiatric Hospitals University of Pennsylvania

History of Psychiatry in Nepal Cambridge Core

History of Psychiatry in Sweden during a Millennium Taylor & Francis Online

Historical Overview of Psychiatry in Africa American Psychological Association

Important Milestones in the History of Psychiatry PsychAlive 

Major new study tracing the History of Psychiatry will show roots of today’s Global Mental Health University of Exeter

Psychiatry’s Complex History Health Affairs

Psychiatry in India: Historical Roots, Development as a Discipline and Contemporary Context Springer

Psychiatry in the 19th and 20th Centuries from a Transnational Perspective Calenda

Re-Thinking the History of Psychiatry From the Edges of Empire Springer

The Troubled History of Psychiatry The New Yorker

The Historical Development of the Interface between Law, Medicine, and Psychiatry Brewminate

The Historical Development of Psychiatry in South Africa since 1652 SAJP

The History of Psychiatry - A History of Failure? Psychiatric Times

The History of Psychiatry as a Medical Specialty Oxford Academic (book)

The History of Psychiatry Revisited Cairn International Edition

The Rise of Mental Health Nursing | A History of Psychiatric Care in Dutch Asylums | 1890-1920 PDF Download Geertje Boschma 

History of Psychiatry in India NIH

History of Psychiatry : Asylums to Community Care - Video

History of Psychology

 International History of Psychology - Awareness, Evolution and Information

History of Psychology

The philosopher and historian George Santayana once remarked that those who do not know their history are doomed to repeat its mistakes. A perusal of some of the essays will reveal that this is not always true. In some cases psychologists have known about mistakes of the past and sought to repeat them. But the recurrence can sometimes be fruitful: going round in circles can be a good thing, provided the circle is large that when one returns to the task one sees it in a new light and the error brings new insights.”― Noel Sheehy

Historic Development of Psychology

History of Psychology
"The history of psychology is a fascinating journey that spans several centuries, marked by the development of various theories, schools of thought, and influential figures. Here's a brief overview of the history of psychology:

1. Ancient Roots: The origins of psychology can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as ancient Egypt, Greece, China, and India. Philosophers like Plato and Aristotle pondered questions related to the mind, consciousness, and behavior.

2. 17th to 19th Century: During the Age of Enlightenment, philosophers like René Descartes proposed dualism, which posited a separation between the mind and the body. In the late 19th century, pioneers like Wilhelm Wundt and William James established the foundations of psychology as a scientific discipline.

3. Structuralism and Functionalism: Structuralism, championed by Wundt and his student Edward Titchener, aimed to analyze the structure of consciousness through introspection. Functionalism, advocated by James, focused on the functions and purposes of mental processes in adapting to the environment.

4. Psychoanalysis: Sigmund Freud developed psychoanalysis in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. His theory emphasized the influence of the unconscious mind on behavior and the significance of early childhood experiences. Freud's ideas had a profound impact on the field, leading to the exploration of the unconscious and the development of psychodynamic approaches.

5. Behaviorism: In the early 20th century, behaviorism emerged as a dominant school of thought, led by figures like John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner. Behaviorism focused on observable behaviors, rejecting the study of mental processes. It emphasized the role of environmental factors and reinforcement in shaping behavior.

6. Humanistic Psychology: Humanistic psychology arose in the mid-20th century as a response to behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Figures like Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow emphasized the importance of individual's subjective experiences, self-actualization, and personal growth. Humanistic psychology emphasized the positive aspects of human nature.

7. Cognitive Revolution: In the 1950s and 1960s, the cognitive revolution reshaped psychology. Cognitive psychologists, such as Jean Piaget and Ulric Neisser, focused on mental processes, memory, perception, language, and problem-solving. Cognitive psychology brought attention back to the study of internal mental processes.

8. Modern Perspectives: Contemporary psychology comprises multiple perspectives and subfields. Some major areas include biological psychology, which explores the links between the brain and behavior; social psychology, which studies how social influences impact behavior; developmental psychology, which examines human development across the lifespan; and clinical psychology, which focuses on mental health and the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.

It's important to note that this overview only scratches the surface of the rich and complex history of psychology. The field continues to evolve, incorporating new research methods, theories, and interdisciplinary approaches to better understand the human mind and behavior." (Source ChatGPT 2023)

A Brief History of Psychology History Cooperative

A History of Modern Psychology PDF Download UV

Aristotle's Psychology Explorable

Early History of Psychology: Major Developments & Contributions Study

Historical Psychology Oxford Research Encyclopaedias

History and Development of Psychology UK Essays

History and Origin of Science of Psychology Psychology Discussion

History of Psychology in Japan Japanese Psychological Research

History of Women in Psychology: Notable Figures in the Field Maryville University

Pioneers Who Helped Mold the History of Psychology Psych Central

Scientific Psychology in the 18th Century: A Historical Rediscovery NIH

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The Organization of DSM-5-TR™ Updated Edition

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5-TR™)


The Organization of DSM-5-TR™ Updated Edition

Developmental Lifespan 

DSM-5 and DSM-5-TR are organized in sequence with the developmental lifespan. This organization is evident in every chapter and within individual diagnostic categories, with disorders typically diagnosed in childhood detailed first, followed by those in adolescence, adulthood, and later life. Disorders previously addressed in a single “infancy, childhood and adolescence” chapter are now integrated throughout the manual. 

20 Disorder Chapters: 

DSM-5-TR has the same structure as DSM-5. 
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders
  • Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
  • Bipolar and Related Disorders
  • Depressive Disorders 
  • Anxiety Disorders 
  • Elimination Disorders 
  • Other Mental Disorders and Additional Codes 
  • Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
  • Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders
  • Dissociative Disorders 
  • Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders 
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders
  • Sleep-Wake Disorder 
  • Sexual Dysfunctions 
  • Gender Dysphoria 
  • Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders
  • Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders
  • Neurocognitive Disorders
  • Personality Disorders
  • Paraphilic Disorder
  • Medication-Induced Movement Disorders and Other Adverse Effects of Medication
  • Other Conditions That May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention

DSM is the manual used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) will publish DSM-5-TR in 2022. APA is a national medical specialty society whose more than 37,400 physician members specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and research of mental illnesses, including substance use disorders.

Visit the APA website at www.psychiatry.org

Order the DSM-5™ Collection and Related Titles at www.appi.org 

For more information, please contact APA Communications at 202-459-9732 or press@psych.org.

© 2022 American Psychiatric Association 

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