31 March 2024

Artificial Intelligence and Assistance to Emotional Well-Being

AI and Assistance to Emotional Well-Being Awareness, Research and Resources

Artificial Intelligence and Assistance to Emotional Well-Being

Humans are limited in the attention, kindness and compassion that they can expend to others, but AI based compassionate robots can channel virtually unlimited resources into building compassionate relationships in the society.” ― Amit Ray

AI and Assistance to Emotional Well-Being Research

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Emotional Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence and Assistance to Emotional Well-Being
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is increasingly being employed to assist and support emotional well-being in various ways. Here are some specific applications and examples:

Chatbots and Virtual Assistants:
  • Therapeutic Conversations: AI-powered chatbots can engage in therapeutic conversations, providing users with an outlet to express their emotions, thoughts, and concerns. These chatbots use natural language processing to understand and respond empathetically.
  • 24/7 Availability: Unlike traditional therapy that operates within specific hours, AI-driven virtual assistants can provide support at any time, ensuring users have access to emotional assistance when needed.

Mood Tracking and Analysis:
  • Personalized Insights: AI algorithms can analyze patterns in user behavior, social media activity, and other data sources to provide personalized insights into emotional well-being. This information can help individuals understand their moods and identify potential triggers.
  • Early Warning Systems: By continuously monitoring changes in behavior, speech patterns, or sleep, AI can act as an early warning system, alerting individuals and their support networks to potential mental health concerns.

Digital Therapy and Mindfulness Apps:
  • Tailored Interventions: AI can enhance digital therapy apps by tailoring interventions based on user responses and progress. This personalization can make therapeutic techniques more effective and engaging.
  • Mindfulness Guidance: AI-powered mindfulness apps can guide users through meditation and relaxation exercises, adapting the content to the user's current emotional state.

Emotion Recognition Technology:
  • Facial Expression Analysis: AI can analyze facial expressions in real-time to detect emotions. This technology can be integrated into virtual therapy sessions or used to provide feedback on emotional states during video conferencing.

  • Voice Analysis: AI systems can analyze the tone and intonation of a person's voice to infer emotional states. This can be useful in assessing emotional well-being in remote communication.

AI in Virtual Reality (VR) Therapy:

  • Immersive Experiences: AI can enhance VR therapy by creating more immersive and tailored experiences. Virtual environments can adapt based on the user's emotional responses, making the therapy more effective.
  • Exposure Therapy: AI can simulate controlled environments for exposure therapy, helping individuals confront and manage specific fears or anxieties in a virtual setting.

Predictive Analytics and Risk Assessment:
  • Risk Prediction Models: AI algorithms can analyze historical data to predict the risk of mental health issues or potential crises. This allows for proactive interventions and support.
  • Suicide Prevention: AI tools can analyze online content to identify signs of suicidal ideation or self-harm, enabling timely intervention and support.

Social Support Networks:
  • Community Building: AI can facilitate the creation of online communities where individuals facing similar challenges can connect, share experiences, and provide mutual support.
  • Moderation and Intervention: AI-driven moderation tools can identify and address harmful content or interactions within online support communities, maintaining a positive and safe environment.

It's crucial to approach the integration of AI into emotional well-being support with ethical considerations, transparency, and a user-centric focus. The collaboration between AI technologies and human mental health professionals remains essential to ensure responsible and effective use. Additionally, ongoing research and validation are necessary to refine and improve AI-based solutions in this sensitive domain." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

A Framework for Designing AI Systems that Support Community Wellbeing Frontiers in Psychology

AI and Human Emotions Mental Health and Motivation

AI and Mental Health: Can Artificial Intelligence Help Improve Well-being? Medium

AI and Mental Wellness: Exploring the Potential of Emotional Support Systems Medium

AI-Generated ‘Maps’ May Help Improve Mental Well-being Health IT Analytics

A Novel Approach to Forecasting the Mental Well-Being using Machine Learning ScienceDirect

Adolescents’ Well-being While Using a Mobile Artificial Intelligence–Powered Acceptance Commitment Therapy Tool: Evidence From a Longitudinal Study JMIR Publications

Can AI Teach Us How to Become More Emotionally Intelligent? Harvard Business Review

Does AI have the Emotional Intelligence to Supplement Mental Healthcare? Omnia Health

Emotional AI: Frim Mental Health Support to Workforce Safety Thales

Enhancing Teacher Wellbeing through the Transformative Power of AI Linkedin

Empowering Mental Well-Being: The Intersection of AI and Student Mental Health Business Tech

Five ways AI can help to deal with the Mental Health Crisis News Medical Life Sciences

How AI Can Improve Employee Mental Health and Well-being LinkedIn

Impact of AI on Human Decision-Making Mental Health and Motivation

Impact of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on Psychological and Mental Health Promotion: An Opinion Piece ResearchGate

The Role of Emotion AI in Mental Health and Well-being TS2 Space

Role of Artificial Intelligence in Mental Wellbeing: Opportunities and Challenges Science Alert

Providing Self-Led Mental Health Support Through an Artificial Intelligence-Powered Chat Bot (Leora) to Meet the Demand of Mental Health Care NIH

Supporting Social and Emotional Well-Being with Artificial Intelligence ResearchGate

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of AI-based Conversational Agents for Promoting Mental Health and Well-Being Springer Nature

The Potential of Chatbots for Emotional Support and Promoting Mental Well-Being in Different Cultures: Mixed Methods Study Journal of Medical Internet Research

The Impact of AI on Mental Health (& How it May Help You!) - Video

Prolonged Grief Disorder

Prolonged Grief Disorder: Awareness, Causes, Symptoms And Signs

Prolonged Grief Disorder : Mental Health and Motivation

Deep grief sometimes is almost like a specific location, a coordinate on a map of time. When you are standing in that forest of sorrow, you cannot imagine that you could ever find your way to a better place. But if someone can assure you that they themselves have stood in that same place, and now have moved on, sometimes this will bring hope”― Elizabeth Gilbert

Prolonged Grief Disorder features in DSM-5-TR Mental Health and Motivation

Prolonged Grief
"Prolonged grief, also known as complicated grief or prolonged grief disorder, is a specific form of grief that persists for an extended period and significantly impairs an individual's functioning and well-being. It is a condition where the process of mourning and adjusting to the loss becomes prolonged and complicated. Here are some key points to understand about prolonged grief:

1. Definition: Prolonged grief is characterized by intense and persistent symptoms of grief lasting for at least six months or longer after the loss. These symptoms may include persistent yearning, intense sadness, preoccupation with the deceased, difficulty accepting the loss, feelings of emptiness, and difficulty engaging in daily activities or forming new relationships.

2. Risk factors: Prolonged grief can affect anyone who has experienced a significant loss, such as the death of a loved one, but certain factors may increase the risk. These can include a close or dependent relationship with the deceased, sudden or unexpected loss, a history of mental health conditions, lack of social support, or previous experiences of trauma or loss.

3. Differentiation from normal grief: While grief is a natural response to loss, prolonged grief goes beyond the normal grieving process. It is characterized by the persistence and severity of symptoms, which can significantly impact daily functioning and overall well-being.

4. Impact on mental and physical health: Prolonged grief can have a significant impact on a person's mental and physical health. It may lead to symptoms of depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, impaired immune function, and increased risk of medical conditions like cardiovascular disease. It can also affect relationships, work or school performance, and overall quality of life.

5. Diagnosis and treatment: Prolonged grief is recognized as a specific mental health condition. A diagnosis is typically made by a mental health professional based on specific criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Treatment may involve various approaches, including psychotherapy, support groups, medication (in some cases), and other interventions aimed at helping individuals process their grief, adapt to the loss, and regain functioning and well-being.

6. Seeking support: If you or someone you know is experiencing prolonged grief, it is essential to seek professional help. Mental health professionals, such as therapists, psychologists, or counselors, can provide specialized support and guidance in navigating the grieving process. Support groups and community resources can also offer valuable support and connection with others who have experienced similar losses.

Remember that grief is a unique and individual process, and there is no set timeline for healing. However, if you or someone you know is struggling with persistent and impairing grief, it is important to seek help and support. Mental health professionals can provide an appropriate diagnosis and recommend effective interventions to address prolonged grief and promote healing." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Complicated Grief: Epidemiology, Clinical Features, Assessment and Diagnosis PDF Download

Complicated Grief, Symptoms and Causes Mayo Clinic

DSM-5-TR turns Normal Grief into a Mental Disorder The Lancet Psychiatry

Diagnostic and Clinical Considerations in Prolonged Grief Disorder NIH

Diagnosis of Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) Oxford Academic

Grief Counseling: How It Works, Benefits And More Forbes

Grief and Mourning gone awry: Pathway and Course of Complicated Grief Taylor & Francis

The Five Stages of Grief: An Examination of the Kubler-Ross Model PSYCOM

How to spot the Red Flags of Complicated Grief Disorder White River Manor

Grief: Different Reactions and Timelines in the Aftermath of Loss US Department of Veterans Affairs

New Paths for people with Prolonged Grief Disorder American Psychological Association

Management of Bereavement and Grief in Adults UpToDate

Predictors of Prolonged Grief Disorder in a German Representative Population Sample: Unexpectedness of Bereavement Contributes to Grief Severity and Prolonged Grief Disorder Frontiers in Psychiatry

Prolonged Grief as a Disease? Springer Link

'Prolonged Grief Disorder' Is Now an Official Mental Health Condition - These Are the Symptoms to Know  Health

“Prolonged Grief Disorder” and “persistent Complex bereavement Disorder”, but not “Complicated Grief”, are one and the same Diagnostic Entity: An Analysis of data from the Yale Bereavement Study World Psychiatry 

Prolonged Grief Disorder: Mental Health Experts Identify the Signs Healthline

Prolonged Grief Disorder in ICD-11 and DSM-5-TR: Challenges and controversies NIH

Prolonged Grief Disorder in Adults: Treatment UpToDate

The Profound Sadness of Prolonged Grief Harvard Medicine

The Columbia Center for Complicated Grief Center Columbia University
Treating Complicated Grief Open Arms

Uncomplicated Bereavement & Prolonged Grief Disorder DSM-5 : Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Thrive Works

When Grief Gets Stuck: Information & Resources on Complicated Grief John Bristol Therapy

What Distinguishes Prolonged Grief Disorder from Depression? TidtssKriftet

What Is Prolonged Grief Disorder? WebMD

What is Complicated Grief? A Short Introduction - Video

AI and Human Emotions

AI and Human Emotions: Awareness, Research and Resources

AI and Human Emotions

If we do it right, we might actually be able to evolve a form of work that taps into our uniquely human capabilities and restores our humanity. The ultimate paradox is that this technology may become the powerful catalyst that we need to reclaim our humanity.” – John Hagel

 AI and Human Emotions Research

AI and Human Emotions
"AI and human emotions are intriguing subjects that intersect at the nexus of technology, psychology, and ethics. Here are several key points to consider:

Understanding Emotions: Emotions are complex, multifaceted phenomena that involve physiological, cognitive, and behavioral components. While humans have an innate ability to experience and recognize emotions, teaching AI to understand and respond to emotions is challenging.

Emotion Recognition: AI systems can be trained to recognize human emotions through various modalities such as facial expressions, voice tone, and text sentiment analysis. This capability has applications in customer service, mental health monitoring, and human-computer interaction.

Emotion Generation: Some AI models are designed to generate content that evokes emotional responses, such as storytelling, music composition, or visual art. These systems often rely on deep learning techniques and large datasets to mimic human creativity and expression.

Ethical Considerations: The development and deployment of AI systems with emotion-related capabilities raise ethical concerns. These include issues of privacy, consent, bias, and manipulation. For example, using emotion recognition in surveillance or advertising could infringe on individuals' rights or manipulate their behavior.

Empathy and Care: AI systems can be programmed to simulate empathy and provide emotional support in certain contexts, such as virtual assistants for mental health or companionship robots for the elderly. However, the authenticity of this emotional support is debated, as AI lacks genuine emotional understanding and experience.

Human-AI Interaction: As AI becomes more integrated into daily life, understanding how humans interact with emotionally intelligent machines becomes crucial. Designing interfaces and algorithms that foster trust, transparency, and empathy is essential for creating positive human-AI relationships.

Emotional Intelligence in AI: Efforts are underway to imbue AI systems with emotional intelligence, which involves not only recognizing and generating emotions but also understanding their context, regulating responses, and displaying appropriate social behaviors. Achieving this level of sophistication requires interdisciplinary collaboration across fields such as psychology, neuroscience, and computer science.

Future Implications: As AI continues to advance, its impact on human emotions and societal dynamics will likely intensify. It's important for policymakers, ethicists, and technologists to work together to ensure that AI development prioritizes human well-being and fosters a more empathetic and equitable society.

In summary, the relationship between AI and human emotions is complex and multifaceted, with both promise and peril. Understanding and addressing the ethical and practical implications of emotional AI is essential for navigating this rapidly evolving landscape." (Source: ChatGPT 2024)

AI Empathy: Emotional AI Is Redefining Interactions In The Digital Age Forbes

AI isn’t great at decoding human emotions. So why are regulators targeting the tech? MIT Technology Review

AI Tunes into Emotions: The Rise of Affective Computing Neuroscience News

AI must be Emotionally Intelligent before it is Super-Intelligent Big Think

An Analytical Framework for studying Attitude towards Emotional AI: The Three-pronged Approach NIH

Artificial Intelligence and Assistance to Emotional Well-Being Mental Health and Motivation

Can AI Learn to Understand Human Emotions? MarketPlace

Can Artificial Intelligence understand emotions? Telefónica Tech

Decoding Emotions: AI Model Predicts People’s Feelings Neuroscience News

Emotion AI: Revolutionizing How Machines Understand Feelings Archive

Emotion AI, explained MIT Sloan School of Management

Emotional AI Is No Substitute for Empathy Wired

Emotion, Artificial Intelligence, and Ethics Springer Link

Emotions Are Coming to Artificial Intelligence. Will Machines Truly Feel? Inc Africa

Emotion Recognition and Artificial Intelligence: A systematic Review and Research Recommendations ScienceDirect

Emotions and Artificial Intelligence Frontiers in Psychology

Emotions in Artificial Intelligence ReseachGate

Exploration of Artificial Intelligence for Emotion Recognition Using Physiological Signals Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Human Intelligence versus AI: Implications for Emotional Aspects of Human Communication Mokslinės Leidybos Deimantas

Impact of AI on Human Decision-Making Mental Health and Motivation

The AI Emotions Dreamed up by ChatGPT BBC

The Risks of Using AI to Interpret Human Emotions Harvard Business Review

Artificial Intelligence Meets Human Emotion: A Deep Dive | Can AI Truly Understand Human
Emotions? - Video

🎓 Mental Health, Psychology and Relationship Resources

Psychotherapy Resources

What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?

Psychotherapy Resources : Mental Health and Motivation

"Peace is the result of retraining your mind to process life as it is, rather than as you think it should be." — Wayne Dyer
What is Psychotherapy?

Differences between Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

"Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy or psychological therapy, is a collaborative process between a trained therapist or mental health professional and an individual or a group. It is aimed at helping people overcome mental health challenges, improve well-being, and enhance their overall quality of life. Psychotherapy involves the use of various therapeutic techniques and approaches to address emotional difficulties, behavioral patterns, and psychological distress. Here are some key points about psychotherapy:

1. Goals: The primary goal of psychotherapy is to help individuals develop insight, understanding, and coping skills to navigate life's challenges and improve their mental health. The specific goals of therapy may vary depending on the individual and their unique circumstances. These can include managing symptoms of mental disorders, improving relationships, enhancing self-esteem, resolving conflicts, developing healthy coping mechanisms, and fostering personal growth.

2. Therapeutic Relationship: A trusting and collaborative relationship between the therapist and the client is crucial in psychotherapy. The therapist provides a safe and non-judgmental space for the client to explore their thoughts, emotions, and experiences. The therapeutic relationship serves as a foundation for healing and growth.

3. Therapeutic Approaches: There are various approaches and techniques used in psychotherapy, and different therapists may specialize in different modalities. Some common therapeutic approaches include:
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): Focuses on identifying and changing negative thoughts and behaviors that contribute to distress.
  • Psychodynamic Therapy: Explores unconscious thoughts, childhood experiences, and relationship patterns to gain insight into current difficulties.
  • Humanistic Therapy: Emphasizes self-exploration, personal growth, and self-acceptance, often using techniques like empathy and active listening.
  • Family Therapy: Involves working with families to address relationship issues, communication problems, and conflicts that affect mental health.
  • Group Therapy: Involves participating in therapy sessions with a small group of individuals, providing support, sharing experiences, and learning from others.

4. Duration and Frequency: The duration and frequency of psychotherapy sessions can vary depending on the individual's needs and the treatment approach. Some therapies are short-term and focused on specific goals, while others may be longer-term and more exploratory. Sessions are typically scheduled weekly or biweekly, but this can be adjusted based on the client's progress and requirements.

5. Evidence-Based Practice: Psychotherapy is guided by evidence-based practices, which means that therapeutic techniques and interventions have been researched and shown to be effective in treating specific mental health conditions. Many psychotherapists integrate research findings and clinical expertise to provide the most effective treatment for their clients.

6. Confidentiality: Confidentiality is a fundamental aspect of psychotherapy. Therapists are legally and ethically bound to protect the privacy and confidentiality of their clients, ensuring that information shared during therapy remains confidential unless there are safety concerns or legal obligations.

It's important to note that psychotherapy is not a one-size-fits-all approach. Finding the right therapist and therapy modality that resonates with you is crucial for a successful therapeutic experience. If you're considering psychotherapy, it's advisable to consult with a mental health professional who can assess your needs and recommend an appropriate course of treatment." (Source: ChatGPT)

What is Psychotherapy? American Psychiatric Association

Acceptance and Mindfulness in Cognitive Behavior Therapy : Understanding and Applying the New Therapies James D. Herbert / Evan M. Forman

CBT Made Simple: A Clinician’s Guide to Practicing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Nina Josefowitz / David Myran / Zindel V. Segal

Cognitive-Behavioral Theory and Treatment of Antisocial Personality Disorder IntechOpen

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: 100 Key Points and Techniques Michael Neenan / Windy Dryden

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Adult Anxiety Disorders Article

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Adolescents and Young Adults PDF Document Download

Cognitive Behavior Therapy of DSM-5 Personality Disorders: Assessment, Case Conceptualization, and Treatment Len Sperry / Jon Sperry

Different Approaches to Psychotherapy American Psychological Association

Differences between Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychotherapy NHS

Doing CBT: A Comprehensive Guide to Working with Behaviors, Thoughts, and Emotions
David F. Tolin

Handbook of Brief Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Frank W. Bond / Windy Dryden

Handbook of Dynamic Psychotherapy for Higher Level Personality Pathology
Eve Caligor, M.D. Otto F. Kernberg, M.D. John F. Clarkin, Ph.D.

How Does Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) Work? Video

Introduction to Counselling and Psychotherapy: The Essential Guide
Stephen Palmers

Overcoming Unwanted Intrusive Thoughts : a CBT-Based Guide to Getting Over Frightening, Obsessive, or Disturbing Thoughts Martin N. / Sally M.

Psychotherapist Vs. Psychologist: What Is the Difference & When Should I See One? PsychologyWriting

Psychotherapy : Definition, Types, Techniques, Efficacy Very Well Mind

Psychotherapy : What to Expect and How it Works Medical News Today

Psychopathology and Psychotherapy: DSM-5 Diagnosis, Case Conceptualization, and Treatment
Len Sperry / Jon Carlson / Jill Duba Sauerheber / Jon Sperry

Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy After Child Abuse: The Treatment of Adults and Children Who Have Experienced Sexual Abuse, Violence, and Neglect in Childhood Daniel McQueen / Roger Kennedy / Valerie Sinason / Fay Maxted

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy
Gerald Corey

Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy : Systems, Strategies, and Skills
Linda Seligman / Lourie Reichenberg

The Key Principles of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)  Article

Types of Psychotherapy for Mental Illnesses WebMD

Understanding psychotherapy and how it works American Psychological Association

What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy? Article

What are Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Session Looks Like Video

What Are The Benefits Of Psychodynamic Therapy? Regain

What Is Psychodynamic Therapy? Types, Techniques and Benefits DR. AXE

What are Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Session Looks Like Video

What Are The Benefits Of Psychodynamic Therapy? Regain

Working with Traumatic Memories to Heal Adults with Unresolved Childhood Trauma: Neuroscience, Attachment Theory and Pesso Boyden System Psychomotor Psychotherapy 
Jonathan Baylin / Petra Winnette

Watch a Live Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) Session - Video


Motivation and Positive Mindset Resources

Motivation and Positive Mindset Awareness and Mental Health Benefits

Mental Health, Motivation and Positive Mindset Resources

"Learn from the past, set vivid, detailed goals for the future, and live in the only moment of time over which you have any control: now." — Denis Waitley

“Believe in yourself. You are braver than you think, more talented than you know, and capable of more than you imagine.” ― Roy T. Bennett

Mental Health and Motivation Practices

Mental Health and Motivation Research

Skills Development for Self-Motivation

Motivation and a Positive Mindset
"Motivation and a positive mindset are powerful tools that can help individuals achieve their goals, overcome challenges, and lead a fulfilling life. Here are some key points to consider when it comes to motivation and cultivating a positive mindset:
  1. Set clear goals: Having clear, specific, and achievable goals can provide direction and motivation. Break down your larger goals into smaller, manageable steps, and track your progress along the way. This helps maintain focus and provides a sense of accomplishment as you reach each milestone.

  2. Find your why: Understanding your underlying motivations and reasons behind your goals can fuel your drive and perseverance. Reflect on what truly inspires and excites you, and connect your goals to your values and passions. This can help you stay committed and motivated, even when faced with obstacles.

  3. Surround yourself with positivity: Surrounding yourself with positive influences, supportive individuals, and a nurturing environment can significantly impact your mindset. Seek out uplifting and inspirational content, engage in positive conversations, and distance yourself from negativity or toxic relationships that drain your energy.

  4. Practice self-care: Taking care of your physical, mental, and emotional well-being is crucial for maintaining a positive mindset and motivation. Prioritize activities that recharge and rejuvenate you, such as exercise, adequate sleep, healthy nutrition, hobbies, and spending time with loved ones. Taking care of yourself allows you to show up fully and be more motivated to pursue your goals.

  5. Cultivate a growth mindset: Embrace a growth mindset, which is the belief that abilities and intelligence can be developed through effort and learning. View challenges as opportunities for growth and learning, rather than as insurmountable obstacles. Adopting a growth mindset allows you to approach setbacks with resilience and see them as stepping stones toward progress.

  6. Practice gratitude: Cultivating an attitude of gratitude can shift your focus toward the positive aspects of your life. Regularly express gratitude for the things you appreciate, whether big or small. This practice helps foster a positive mindset, improves your overall outlook, and boosts motivation.

  7. Celebrate small wins: Acknowledge and celebrate your achievements along the way, no matter how small they may seem. Recognizing your progress and accomplishments boosts your motivation and reinforces a positive mindset. Take time to reflect on what you have achieved, and use it as fuel to keep moving forward.

  8. Continuous learning: Engage in continuous learning and personal development. Seek new knowledge, skills, and experiences that align with your goals and interests. This not only enhances your capabilities but also keeps your motivation high by providing a sense of growth and progress.
Remember that motivation and maintaining a positive mindset require consistent effort and practice. It's normal to have ups and downs, but by incorporating these strategies into your daily life, you can cultivate resilience, optimism, and a strong drive to pursue your aspirations." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

A Guide for Using Motivation to Achieve Goals Better Up

An Investigation of the Applicability of Maslow's Need Hierarchy PDF Document Download

Associations Between Motivation and Mental Health in Sport: A Test of the Hierarchical Model of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Frontiers in Psychology

Boosting Motivation and Cognitive Deficits in Mental Illness Article

Can't Hurt Me : Master Your Mind and Defy the Odds
David Goggins (book)

Disorders of Diminished Motivation Mental Health and Motivation

Handbook of Competence and Motivation: Theory and Application
Andrew J. Elliot / Carol S. Dweck (book)

How are Depression and Motivation Related? Brain Therapy TMS

How having No Motivation Affects Your Mental Health Article

How to Benefit from Positive Thinking Article

How to Get Your Motivation Back: 5 Ways Psych Central

How To Stop Worrying And Start Living
Dale Carnegie (book)

How Positive Thinking Builds Your Skills, Boosts Your Health / Improves Your Work Article

Human Motivation and Interpersonal Relationships : Theory, Research, and Applications
Netta Weinstein (Editor) (book)

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation: The Search for Optimal Motivation and Performance
Carol Sansone | Judith M. Harackiewicz

Mechanisms Behind Motivation The Observer

Maintaining Motivation Article

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Mental Health and Motivation

Maslow's Motivation and Personality
A.H. Maslow (book)

Motivation, Emotion, and Cognition : Integrative Perspectives on Intellectual Functioning and Development Robert J. Sternberg / Wendy M. Williams (book)

Motivation: How to get Started and Staying Motivated Article

Motivation-Hygiene Correlates of Mental Health: An Examination of Motivational Inversion in a Clinical Population American Psychological Association

Motivation and the Limbic System Mental Health and Motivation

Motivation: The Scientific Guide on How to Get and Stay Motivated Article

Motivation for Achievement : Possibilities for Teaching and Learning
M. Kay Alderman (book)

Motivate to Win: How to Motivate Yourself and Others
Richard Denny (book)

Relationship Between Achievement Motivation, Mental Health and Academic Success in University Students Sage Journals

Self-Determination Theory: Basic Psychological Needs in Motivation, Development, and Wellness
Richard M. Ryan & Edward L. Deci (book)

Self-Motivation: Definition, Examples, and Tips Article

Self Motivation: Staying Motivated to Reach Your Goals Article

Self-Motivation to Achieve Your Goals Article

Skills for Self-Motivation Article

The Gift in You : Discovering New Life Through Gifts Hidden in Your mind
Caroline Leaf (book)

The Mechanisms Behind Motivation The Observer

The Motivated Mind - How to Get What You Want from Live
Dr. Raj Persuad (book)

The Neuroscience of Motivation—and How it can change Your Life Mashable

The Oxford Handbook of Human Motivation
Richard M. Ryan (book)

The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People : Powerful Lessons in Personal Change
Stephen R. Covey (book)

Understanding the Nature of Motivation and Motivating Students through Teaching
and Learning in Higher Education
David Kember (book)

What is Motivation? - According to ChatGPT Mental Health and Motivation

(100) Ways to Motivate Yourself: Change Your Life Forever
Steve Chandler (book)

When Perfect Isn't Good Enough : Strategies for Coping with Perfectionism
Martin M. Anthony PH.D. / Richard  P. Swinson MD (book)

Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic Motivation - Video

AI Apps for Mental Health Care

AI Apps for Mental Health Care: Awareness and Research

AI Apps for Mental Health Care

What all of us have to do is to make sure we are using AI in a way that is for the benefit of humanity, not to the detriment of humanity.” –Tim Cook

“I don’t think that any of the human faculties is something inherently inaccessible to computers. I would say that some aspects of humanity are less accessible and creativity of the kind that we appreciate is probably one that is going to be something that’s going to take more time to reach. But maybe even more difficult for computers, but also quite important, will be to understand not just human emotions, but also something a little bit more abstract, which is our sense of what’s right and what’s wrong.” –Yoshua Bengio

Artificial Intelligence (AI) Apps for Mental Health Care Research

AI Apps for Mental Health Care
"AI-powered applications are playing an increasingly significant role in mental health care. These applications can provide support, resources, and interventions for individuals dealing with various mental health issues. Here are some AI apps for mental health care:

Woebot: Woebot is a chatbot-based AI app designed to provide cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to users. It engages users in conversations, offers emotional support, and helps users manage their thoughts and feelings.

Wysa: Wysa is an AI-driven mental health chatbot that employs evidence-based therapeutic techniques, including CBT and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). It provides a safe space for users to discuss their emotions and learn coping strategies.

Talkspace: While not entirely AI-driven, Talkspace combines human therapists with AI technology. Users can text or video chat with licensed therapists who can use AI tools to help assess and guide treatment.

Moodpath: Moodpath is a depression and anxiety screening app that uses AI to evaluate users' mental health. It offers daily mood tracking and provides feedback based on users' responses, helping them monitor their emotional well-being.

Youper: Youper is an AI-driven emotional health assistant. It uses conversation and mood tracking to help users understand their emotions, provides exercises, and offers strategies for managing stress and anxiety.

Calm: While not exclusively for mental health, Calm is a meditation and relaxation app that incorporates AI to personalize meditation sessions, sleep stories, and other content based on users' preferences and needs.

Replika: Replika is an AI chatbot designed to provide emotional support and companionship. Users can engage in conversations with their AI "friend" to alleviate loneliness and stress.

Breathe2Relax: This app uses AI to teach users how to practice diaphragmatic breathing, a technique often used in stress and anxiety management.

MindDoc: MindDoc is an AI-driven mental health app that assists users in assessing their mental health and tracking mood changes over time. It provides personalized recommendations for mental health care.

Tess: Tess is an AI-powered psychological AI chatbot developed for mental health support. It uses natural language processing to engage users in conversations and provide emotional support.

Sanvello: Sanvello combines therapy, coaching, and self-care tools into one app. While it incorporates human therapists, it also uses AI to provide mood tracking, coping techniques, and resources for mental health improvement.

Daylio: While not exclusively an AI app, Daylio is a mood tracking and journaling app that can be useful for tracking emotional patterns and identifying triggers for mental health issues.

Remember that AI apps should not replace professional mental health care when needed. They can be valuable tools for managing stress, anxiety, and mild depressive symptoms, but for more severe or persistent mental health concerns, it's essential to consult with a qualified mental health professional. Always consult with a healthcare provider to determine the best approach for your specific needs." (Source: Chat GPT 2023)

AI and Apps to help with Mental Health Little Lives UK

AI in Mental Health: Applications, Benefits & Challenges binariks

AI in Mental Health: Opportunities And Challenges In Developing Intelligent Digital Therapies Forbes

AI Mental Health App being developed by Dalhousie Research Team Dalhousie University

Artificial Intelligence-informed mobile mental health apps for young people: a mixed-methods approach on users’ and stakeholders’ perspectives BMC Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

Artificial Intelligence Powered Therapy Apps Dogtown Media

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Mobile Apps for Mental Health: A Scoping Review PLOS

Artificial Intelligence and Mobile Apps for Mental Healthcare: A Social Informatics Perspective ResearchGate

Best AI-based Mental Health and Therapy Apps of 2023 Sociobits

Can app-based AI 'Therapists' actually help your Mental Health? Los Angeles Times

How AI Apps improve Mental Health Treatment Vention

Mental Health App Tests Limits of Using AI for Medical Care Bloomberg

Mental Health Apps: The AI Therapist cannot see you now Financial Times

Not all Mental Health Apps are helpful. Experts explain the risks, and how to choose one wisely The Conversation

Real world testing of AI Mental Health App University of Plymouth

Relational Agent for Mental Health Woebot Health

Role of Artificial Intelligence and its Impact in Mental Health Services HMSS

The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the tasks of Mental Healthcare workers: A scoping review ScienceDirect

The Role of Artificial Intelligence within Mental Health PatientMetRx

Transforming Mental Health with Best AI-based Apps H2S Media

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Somatic Experiencing® Resources

Somatic Experiencing® (SE) Therapy Awareness, Research and Resources

Somatic Experiencing Resources

If your body is screaming in pain, whether the pain is muscular contractions, anxiety, depression, asthma or arthritis, a first step in releasing the pain may be making the connection between your body pain and the cause. “Beliefs are physical. A thought held long enough and repeated enough becomes a belief. The belief then becomes biology.” ― Marilyn Van M. Derbur

What Is Somatic Experiencing® (SE) Therapy? 

Benefits of Somatic Therapy Khiron Clinics

Body Psychotherapy versus Somatic Psychotherapy USABP

Effect of Somatic Experiencing Resiliency-Based Trauma Treatment Training on Quality of Life and Psychological Health as Potential Markers of Resilience in Treating Professionals Frontiers in Neuroscience

How Somatic Experiencing® Can Help You Process Trauma Healthline

Potential Applications of Somatic Experiencing® in Applied Sport Psychology Taylor and Francis Online

Resource for a Brief Early Somatic Intervention to reduce Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress for Victims of Violence Crime in Acute Hospital Settings in Southeast Los Angeles PDF Download Pepperdine University

Somatic Experiencing® – Effectiveness and Key Factors of a Body-Oriented Trauma Therapy: A A Scoping Literature Review NIH

Somatic Experiencing® for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Outcome Study NCBI

Somatic Experiencing® Free Handout - Healthy Futures PDF Download Dr. Susan Kriegler

Somatic Experiencing® Informed Therapeutic Group for the Care and Treatment of Biopsychosocial Effects upon a Gender Diverse Identity Frontiers in Psychiatry

Somatic Experiencing® International Trauma Healing

Somatic Experiencing® Therapy: 10 Best Exercises & Examples Positive Psychology

Somatic Experiencing®: Therapy Overview and Effectiveness The Human Condition

Somatic Experiencing®: Using Interoception and Proprioception as Core Elements of Trauma Therapy Frontiers in Psychology

Somatic Interventions Explained Integrative Psych

Somatic Psychotherapy GoodTherapy

Somatic Therapy for Healing Teen Trauma Newport Academy

Somatic Therapy: How It Works, Uses, Types, and Techniques Psych Central

Somatic Therapy: Understanding the ADHD Brain, Body & Trauma Additude

The Body Recovers: Practitioner Perspective on Somatic Experiencing® PDF Download St. Catherine University

The brain-body disconnect: A somatic sensory basis for trauma-related disorders Frontiers in Neuroscience

The Effectiveness of Somatic Experience Based Stabilization Program (SESP) for Refugee Women's Post Traumatic Stress, Mindfulness and Social Support Level PDF Download İstanbul Medeniyet University 

This Unique Form Of Therapy Aims To Treat Both Mind & Body TZR

What Is Somatic Healing or Somatic Experiential Therapy? ALL INN Therapy Clinic

What Is Somatic Therapy? Verywell Mind

What is Somatic Therapy & why should I try it? Modern Change

Healing the Nervous System From Trauma: Somatic Experiencing® - Video

Behavioral Addiction vs. Substance Addiction

 Behavioral Addiction vs. Substance Addiction Awareness and Research

Behavioral Addiction vs. Substance Addiction

A little money can buy happiness; a lot can buy addiction.” ― Brian Spellman

Behavioral Addiction vs. Substance Addiction Research

Behavioral Addiction vs. Substance Addiction
Behavioral addiction and substance addiction are two distinct types of addictions, differing in the object of addiction and the specific behaviors involved.

Behavioral Addiction:

Behavioral addiction refers to a compulsive and excessive involvement in a particular behavior or activity, leading to negative consequences. It is characterized by an inability to control or stop the behavior despite adverse outcomes. Examples of behavioral addictions include gambling addiction, gaming addiction, internet addiction, shopping addiction, sex addiction, and eating disorders like binge eating.

Substance Addiction:

Substance addiction, also known as drug addiction or substance use disorder, involves the compulsive use of substances that lead to physical and psychological dependence. It typically involves substances like alcohol, nicotine, opioids, cocaine, or other drugs. Substance addiction is characterized by a compulsive craving for the substance, tolerance (needing increasing amounts to achieve the same effects), and withdrawal symptoms when attempting to stop or reduce use.


1. Object of Addiction: Behavioral addiction focuses on specific behaviors or activities, while substance addiction centers around the use and dependence on substances.

2. Neurochemical Effects: Substance addiction involves the consumption of substances that directly affect the brain's chemistry. Drugs interact with neurotransmitters and receptors, altering brain functioning. Behavioral addiction, on the other hand, does not involve ingesting substances that directly influence neurochemistry, although it can still have neurobiological effects on the reward pathways of the brain.

3. Physical vs. Psychological Dependence: Substance addiction often leads to physical dependence, where the body adapts to the presence of the substance and experiences withdrawal symptoms when its use is reduced or stopped. Behavioral addiction primarily involves psychological dependence, with a strong psychological urge or craving to engage in the behavior.

4. Societal Perception: There is often a difference in societal perception and stigma associated with behavioral and substance addictions. Substance addiction tends to be more stigmatized, with societal recognition of the detrimental effects of drugs. Behavioral addictions, such as gambling or gaming addiction, may receive less recognition and understanding from the general public.


1. Compulsion and Loss of Control: Both behavioral and substance addictions involve a loss of control over the behavior or substance use. Individuals experience cravings or urges and struggle to stop or reduce their engagement despite negative consequences.

2. Negative Consequences: Both types of addiction can have severe negative impacts on an individual's physical health, mental well-being, relationships, work or academic performance, and overall quality of life.

3. Underlying Psychological Factors: Both behavioral and substance addictions can be influenced by similar underlying psychological factors, such as genetic predisposition, environmental factors, co-occurring mental health disorders, and reinforcement mechanisms related to pleasure and reward.

4. Treatment Approaches: While there are differences in treatment approaches, both types of addiction can benefit from similar therapeutic interventions, including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), support groups, motivational interviewing, and addressing underlying psychological issues.

It is essential to recognize and address both behavioral and substance addictions to provide appropriate support, treatment, and interventions for individuals struggling with these conditions." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

A Comparison of Behavioral Addiction and Substance Addiction Desert Cove Recovery

Are Behavioral Addictions the Same as Drug Addictions? MentalHelp

Behavioral Addictions: A Social Science Perspective Open Access Text

Behavioural Addiction and Substance Addiction should be defined by their similarities not their dissimilarities Wiley Online Library

Behavioral Addictions: Are They More or Less Stigmatized than Alcohol & Drug Addictions Recovery Research Institute

Behavioral Addiction versus Substance Addiction: Correspondence of Psychiatric and Psychological Views NIH

Behavioral Addictions vs Substance Addictions Recovery HealthyPlace

Behavioral / Process Addictions Mental Health and Motivation

Different Types of Addiction: Physical and Behavioral New Choices

Discourses of Behavioural Addiction, Normalisation and Techniques of Governmentality in inpatient Substance Abuse Treatment Taylor and Francis Online

Drug Addiction vs. Behavioral Addiction Fort Behavioral Health

How Do Process Addictions Differ from Substance Use Disorders? Foundations Wellness Center

How Substance & Process Addictions Differ The Right Step

How To Spot The Signs of Behavioral Addiction Tikvah Lake

Is Behavioral Addiction, Same as Drug and Alcohol Addiction? Lanna Research

Neurobiological Perspectives in Behavioral Addiction Frontiers in Psychiatry

Neurobiology and Genetics of Behavioral Addictions: A Brief Review PDF Download DergiPark 

Non-Substance Use Addiction in the Technological Era RGA

Process Addictions and Compulsive Behaviors The Recovery Village

Similarities Between Behavioral and Substance Addictions Hired Power

Substance Addiction vs. Behavioural Addiction Canadian Centre for Addiction

Substance and Behavioral Addictions, and Their Consequences among Vulnerable Populations MDPI

The Classification of Substance and Behavioural Addictions: A Preliminary Investigation PDF Download University of Waikato New Zealand

The Difference Between a Behavioral Addiction and a Drug Addiction FHE Health

Types of Addiction and How They’re Treated Healthline

What’s the Difference Between Behavioral Addictions and Substance Addictions? Pinnacle Recovery

What Is Process Addiction & Types of Addictive Behaviors? American Addiction Centers

Dr. Patrick Carnes | Chemical Addiction vs. Process / Behavioral Addiction

Mental Health Games and Activities

Mental Health Games and Activities: Awareness, Research and Resources

Mental Health Games and Activities
Make not your thoughts your prisons.” – William Shakespeare

Mental Health Games Research

Mental Health Games and Activities
Promoting mental health through games and activities can be a fun and effective way to reduce stress, improve mood, and enhance overall well-being. Here's a list of mental health games and activities that you might find helpful:

1. Gratitude Journaling: Write down three things you're grateful for each day. This practice can help shift your focus to the positive aspects of life.

2. Mindfulness Meditation: Practice mindfulness through guided meditation apps or videos. This can help reduce anxiety and increase self-awareness.

3. Puzzle Games: Engaging in puzzles like crosswords, Sudoku, or jigsaw puzzles can help divert your mind from stressors and improve cognitive function.

4. Mood Tracking Apps: Use apps to track your mood daily. It can help you identify patterns and triggers, leading to better emotional regulation.

5. Coloring Books: Adult coloring books are a relaxing way to stimulate creativity and focus. They can help reduce stress and anxiety.

6. Breathing Exercises: Use apps or videos that guide you through various breathing techniques, such as deep breathing or box breathing, to manage stress and anxiety.

7. Virtual Nature Walks: Watch videos or use virtual reality apps that simulate nature walks. Nature exposure can have a calming effect on the mind.

8. Emotional Charades: Play charades where participants act out emotions instead of words. It's a fun way to increase emotional intelligence and communication skills.

9. Self-Compassion Exercise: Write a compassionate letter to yourself as you would to a friend. This can help improve self-esteem and self-acceptance.

10. Positive Affirmation Cards: Create or buy cards with positive affirmations. Pull one each day to start your day on a positive note.

11. Guided Journaling: Use journal prompts to explore your thoughts and feelings. It can provide insights into your emotions and promote self-reflection.

12. Virtual Reality Relaxation: Try VR apps designed for relaxation and stress reduction. They often offer serene environments and guided meditation experiences.

13. Thought Challenger: Identify negative thoughts, challenge their validity, and reframe them with more balanced and positive perspectives.

14. DIY Stress Balls: Make your own stress balls using balloons and materials like flour or rice. Squeezing them can help release tension.

15. Online Support Groups: Join online forums or groups where you can connect with others facing similar challenges. Sharing experiences can reduce feelings of isolation.

16. Creative Expression: Engage in creative activities like drawing, painting, writing, or playing a musical instrument. These outlets can help process emotions.

17. Random Acts of Kindness: Perform small acts of kindness for others. Helping others can boost your own mood and sense of purpose.

18. Visualization Exercises: Close your eyes and visualize a peaceful place or a positive outcome. This can help reduce stress and increase relaxation.

Remember, not every activity will resonate with everyone, so it's important to explore and find what works best for you. It's also recommended to seek professional help if you're dealing with severe mental health issues. (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

20 Mental Health Games and Activities to Boost Well-being Vivien Roggero

A novel ACT-based Video Game to support Mental Health through embedded learning: A mixed-methods feasibility study protocol BMJ Open

Academics, video game makers team up for study on how video games affect mental health Goerie

Activities for Mental Health Groups YouMeMindBody The Arena Group

Activities to Support the Mental Health of Your Students Novak Education

Awareness, Prevention, Detection, and Therapy Applications for Depression and Anxiety in Serious Games for Children and Adolescents: Systematic Review NIH

Boosting Family Mental Health: 5 Fun Activities for Mental Health Awareness Month Nasional PTA

Brain games for the elderly that improve Mental Health and Memory EMOHA

Commercial video games as a resource for Mental Health: A systematic literature review ResearchGate

Computer and Video Games in Mental Health ResearchGate

Creative Mental Health Activities | Games & Downloads The Counseling Palette

Developing young people’s Mental Health Awareness through Education and Sport: Insights from the Tackling the Blues programme Sage Journals

Easy and Fun Mental Health Activities for Home School Mental Health Ontario

Exploring the possible mental health and wellbeing benefits of video games for adult players: A cross-sectional study Sage Journals Australasian Psychiatry

Fun activities to help improve your mood HealthyWA Australia

Five fun activities to boost your Mental Health One Stop

Games and Activities That Strengthen Positive Mental Health American Camp Association

Games for Mental Health Mary Ann Liebert, Inc Publishers

Games to Play For Better Mental Health Understanding Gameinformer

Games to Play With Mental Illness Patients SportsRec

Gaming Your Mental Health: A Narrative Review on Mitigating Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety Using Commercial Video Games NIH

Mental Health classroom activities ReachOut Australia

Mental Health Activities In The Workplace Gen Twenty

Mental Health Activities for Kids and Teens Indy's Child

Mental Health Games and Activities PDF Download ShabbaTToghether

Mental Health Games JMIR Publications Advancing Digital Health & Open Science

Mental Health Games, Activities & Worksheets (& PDF) Positive Psychology

Mental Health Outcomes of an Applied Game for Children with Elevated Anxiety Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Non-inferiority Trial Springer Link

Mind-Blowing Mental Health Games and Activities BlockerX

Mind Games: How gaming can play a positive role in Mental Health Microsoft

Practical Activities that promote Mental Health in Schools Worth-it UK

Productive Leisure Activities For Mental Health HopeWay

Physical Activity and your Mental Health Mind

Quick Mood Boosting Activities to Lift Your Spirits Happier Human

Serious Games and Gamification for Mental Health: Current Status and Promising Directions Frontiers in Psychiatry

Surprising Fun Activities To Boost Your Mental Health RW Magazine

The effectiveness of Gaming Interventions for Depression and Anxiety in Young People: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Cambridge Core

The Influence of Video Games on the Mental Health of College Students and Adolescents University of Texas at Austin

The Impact Of Gaming On Mental Health Well Beings

Video Gaming can benefit Mental Health, find Oxford academics The Guardian

Video Games Could Hold Untapped Potential in Treatment of Mental Illness Verywell Mind

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