31 May 2023

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Resources

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Awareness, Symptoms and Research

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Resources

"If you want to conquer the anxiety of life, live in the moment, live in the breath."– Amit Ray

Seasonal Depression (SAD) Research

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Resources

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Therapy

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
"Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a type of mood disorder that occurs at a specific time of the year, usually during the fall and winter months when there is less natural sunlight. It is characterized by recurrent episodes of depression that tend to begin in the late fall or early winter and improve in the spring and summer.

The exact cause of Seasonal Affective Disorder is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to changes in exposure to natural light, which can affect the body's internal clock (circadian rhythm) and the production of certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and melatonin.

Some common symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder include:
  • Persistent feelings of sadness or low mood
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities
  • Changes in sleep patterns, such as oversleeping or difficulty falling asleep
  • Increased fatigue and lack of energy
  • Changes in appetite, particularly craving for carbohydrates
  • Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Social withdrawal and isolation
  • Thoughts of death or suicide (in severe cases)

Certain factors may increase the risk of developing SAD, including:

1. Geographic location: SAD is more common in regions farther from the equator, where there are more significant changes in daylight throughout the year.

2. Family history: If you have a close family member with SAD or another type of depression, your risk may be higher.

3. Gender: SAD is more prevalent in women than in men.

4. Age: Younger adults are more likely to experience SAD, although it can occur at any age.

Treatment for Seasonal Affective Disorder often includes a combination of approaches:

1. Light therapy (phototherapy): This involves exposure to a bright light that mimics natural sunlight, which can help regulate circadian rhythms and improve mood. Light therapy is typically administered in the morning.

2. Psychotherapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and other forms of talk therapy can help individuals learn coping strategies and address negative thought patterns associated with SAD.

3. Medications: Antidepressant medications, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may be prescribed for severe cases of SAD.

4. Lifestyle changes: Engaging in regular physical activity, spending time outdoors during daylight hours, and managing stress can also be helpful in managing SAD symptoms.

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder, it's essential to seek professional help from a mental health provider. SAD is a treatable condition, and early intervention can lead to better outcomes and improved quality of life during the affected seasons. (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Bright Light Therapy: Seasonal Affective Disorder and Beyond NIH

Feeling SAD? It Could be Seasonal Affective Disorder Article

Implementing prevention of Seasonal Affective Disorder from Patients’ and Physicians’ Perspectives – A Qualitative Study BMC Psychiatry

Issues for DSM-V: Seasonal Affective Disorder and Seasonality Psychiatry Online

How to Know if you have Seasonal Affective Disorder American Psychological Association

How to Manage Seasonal Affective Disorder Article

Resources for Managing Seasonal Affective Disorder Article

Seasonal Affective Disorder Article

Seasonal Affective Disorder NHS Overview / Symptoms

Seasonal Affective Disorder (for Teens) TeensHealth

Seasonal Affective Disorder Questionnaire PDF Download Outside In

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) | Anxiety and Depression ADAA / Anxiety & Depression Association of America

Seasonal Affective Disorder: Treatment UpToDate

Seasonal Affective Disorder and Engagement in Physical Activities among Adults in Alaska Taylor & Francis Online

Seasonal Depression (Seasonal Affective Disorder) WebMD

Therapist Shares Tips for Seasonal Affective Disorder Article

Ways to Ease Seasonal Depression Everyday Health

What is Seasonal Affective Disorder? American Psychiatric Association

What is Seasonal Affective Disorder and is SAD different to Depression? Article

Seasonal Affective Disorder - Mayo Clinic Health System - Video

πŸŽ“ Mental Health, Psychology and Relationship Resources

Anxiety and Empathy

Anxiety Disorders and Empathy : Awareness, Research and Resources

Anxiety Disorder and Empathy : Awareness, Research and Resources

Fear, anxiety, arousal, and pain; all are emotions and sensations. They are neither right, nor are they wrong; good nor bad. They are simply passions, a most important part of life. Feel them, fully experience them, surrender to them, and learn to accept them. As a submissive, you must let go." - AndrΓ© Chevalier
Anxiety and Empathy Research

Anxiety and Empathy
Anxiety and empathy are two interconnected aspects of human experience that can influence each other in various ways. Let's explore each of these concepts individually and then discuss their relationship.

Anxiety is a common human emotion characterized by feelings of worry, fear, and unease. It can manifest in different forms, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or specific phobias. Anxiety can arise from various sources, including stress, trauma, genetic factors, or underlying medical conditions.

People with anxiety often experience excessive worrying about future events, difficulties in managing uncertainty, and heightened physiological responses like increased heart rate, sweating, and restlessness. Anxiety can significantly impact one's daily life, relationships, and overall well-being if not properly managed.

Empathy refers to the ability to understand and share the feelings, perspectives, and experiences of others. It involves recognizing and acknowledging the emotions of others, and responding in a caring and compassionate manner. Empathy plays a crucial role in building connections, fostering understanding, and providing support to those in need.

There are different forms of empathy, including cognitive empathy (understanding another person's perspective), emotional empathy (sharing and experiencing another person's emotions), and compassionate empathy (taking action to help and support others). Empathy is a fundamental aspect of human interaction and is often considered a positive trait that promotes prosocial behavior and interpersonal relationships.

Relationship between Anxiety and Empathy:
The relationship between anxiety and empathy can be complex and multidimensional. Here are a few key points to consider:

1. Heightened Sensitivity: People with anxiety may have heightened sensitivity to emotional cues and the experiences of others. This sensitivity can enhance their ability to empathize with others and understand their emotions more deeply.

2. Emotional Contagion: Anxiety can also make individuals more susceptible to "emotional contagion," where they absorb and experience the emotions of others more intensely. This can lead to a stronger empathetic response, but it can also increase the risk of becoming overwhelmed by others' emotions.

3. Anxiety Impairment: In some cases, anxiety can impair a person's ability to empathize effectively. When someone is consumed by their own anxious thoughts and worries, it may be challenging to fully focus on and understand the emotions of others.

4. Empathy as a Coping Mechanism: Empathy can also serve as a coping mechanism for individuals with anxiety. By redirecting their attention and energy towards understanding and supporting others, they may experience relief from their own anxious thoughts and find a sense of purpose.

5. Self-Compassion and Empathy: Developing self-compassion, which involves treating oneself with kindness and understanding, can be beneficial for managing anxiety. When individuals cultivate self-compassion, they may also become more empathetic towards others, recognizing that everyone experiences struggles and challenges.

It's important to note that anxiety and empathy can vary among individuals, and the relationship between them can differ based on personal circumstances and the severity of anxiety symptoms. If you or someone you know is struggling with anxiety, it's advisable to seek professional help from a mental health provider who can provide personalized guidance and support." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

A Developmental Analysis of Dimensions of Empathy during Early Adolescence: Behavioral Empathy but not Cognitive Empathy is Associated with Lower Psychopathology Plos Global Public Health

Anxiety Reduces Empathy Toward Outgroup Members But Not Ingroup Members Cambridge Core

Associations between Empathy and social anxiety in Childhood: The Moderating Role of Mother-Child Conflict and Peer Rejection Springer Link

Convergent Neural Correlates of Empathy and Anxiety During Socioemotional Processing Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Does Anxiety make you less Empathetic? The Healthy Journal

Effect of Anxiety on Empathy: An Observational Study Among Nurses MDPI

Empathy and Theory of Mind in Schizophrenia and Anxiety Disorders PDF Download McGill University, Montreal

Empathy Modulates the Effects of Acute Stress on Anxious Appearance and Social Behavior in Social Anxiety Disorder Frontiers in Psychiatry

Higher Social Anxiety Severity Predicts Better Cognitive Empathy Performance in Women but Not Men Sage Journals

Link Between Anxiety Disorder – Early Life Trauma and Empathy AnxietyCentre

Relationships between Sex Role, Empathy and Anxiety PDF Download Portland State University  

Social Anxiety and Empathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis ScienceDirect

Social Anxiety and Empathy for Social Pain The University of British Colombia

Social Anxiety and Subtypes of Empathy: The Moderating Influence of Biological Sex PDF Download University of Central Florida

The Negative Side of Empathy and its Effect in the Workplace Solidariteit Werknet

What is the Relationship Between Stress and Empathy? Greater Good Magazine

Ethics and Morality Resources

Ethics and Morality : Definitions, Differences and Meaning

Ethics and Ethics Resources : Mental Health and Motivation

What is morality, she asked. Judgement to distinguish right and wrong, vision to see the truth, and courage to act upon it, dedication to that which is good, integrity to stand by the good at any price. ”
― Ayn Rand

Importance of Ethics, Morality and Values

Ethics and Morality : Key Differences

Ethics and Morality
"Ethics and morality are fundamental concepts that guide our behavior and decision-making, helping us differentiate between right and wrong, good and bad, and shaping our actions and interactions with others. While ethics and morality are often used interchangeably, they have slightly different meanings:

Ethics: Ethics refers to a set of principles and values that define what is considered right or wrong in a particular context. It provides a framework for making ethical judgments and guides our actions and behaviors. Ethical principles can vary across cultures, societies, and individuals, and they are often influenced by factors such as religion, philosophy, and cultural norms.

Morality: Morality refers to a broader sense of right and wrong that is inherent to human nature. It encompasses a deeper understanding of what is good and virtuous and involves a sense of duty, conscience, and personal values. Morality is often shaped by cultural, societal, and personal factors and can influence ethical decision-making.

Here are some key points to consider when exploring ethics and morality:

1. Ethical Theories: Various ethical theories and frameworks provide different perspectives on what constitutes ethical behavior. These theories include consequentialism (which focuses on the consequences of actions), deontology (which emphasizes adherence to moral rules and duties), virtue ethics (which emphasizes the development of virtuous character traits), and many others. Familiarize yourself with different ethical theories to gain a deeper understanding of ethical reasoning and decision-making.

2. Universality and Cultural Relativism: Ethics can be universal or culturally relative. Universal ethics suggests that certain ethical principles apply universally to all individuals, regardless of cultural or societal differences. Cultural relativism, on the other hand, argues that ethical standards are subjective and vary across cultures. It's important to consider cultural perspectives and context when discussing ethics and morality while also recognizing common ethical principles that transcend cultural boundaries.

3. Ethical Dilemmas: Ethical dilemmas arise when there are conflicting ethical principles or moral values, making it challenging to determine the right course of action. These dilemmas often require careful consideration, critical thinking, and balancing the interests of different stakeholders. Analyzing ethical dilemmas can help develop moral reasoning and ethical decision-making skills.

4. Personal Values: Personal values play a crucial role in shaping individual ethics and morality. Reflect on your own values, beliefs, and principles to understand what matters most to you. Consider how your values align with ethical principles and guide your behavior and decision-making process.

5. Ethical Conduct: Applying ethical principles in practical situations involves acting with integrity, honesty, and fairness. Upholding ethical conduct requires consistency between your ethical beliefs and actions, even when faced with challenges or temptations. Consider the potential consequences of your actions and the impact they may have on others when making ethical choices.

6. Ethical Leadership: Ethical behavior is particularly important for leaders who influence and impact others. Ethical leadership involves setting a positive example, demonstrating integrity, promoting fairness, and considering the well-being and interests of all stakeholders. Leaders have the responsibility to create ethical cultures within organizations and communities.

7. Ethical Dilemmas in Technology: With the advancement of technology, new ethical dilemmas emerge. Questions surrounding privacy, artificial intelligence, genetic engineering, and other technological advancements require careful ethical considerations. It's essential to engage in discussions and debates about the ethical implications of technological progress.

Remember, ethics and morality are complex and multifaceted topics, and ethical reasoning can vary depending on the situation and the individuals involved. Engaging in ethical discussions, seeking diverse perspectives, and continuously reflecting on your own values and actions can help develop a deeper understanding of ethics and morality and foster a more ethical approach to life." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Are you a good person? Morality experts say this is how to find out USA Today

Binding Moral Values gain Importance in the Presence of Close Others Nature Communications

Difference between Ethics and Morality BYJU's

Difference Between Morals and Ethics Key Differences

Ethics: a General Introduction (What is Ethics?) BBC

Ethics vs. Morals - Difference and Comparison Diffen

Examples of Morals in Society and Literature Your Dictionary

Importance of Morality, Ethics & Values in our Lives JETIR

The Importance of Being Moral Psychology Today

Importance Of Values And Ethics Assignment Point

Morality: Definition, Formation, and Examples Verywell Mind

Morality vs. Ethics: What's the Difference? Verywell Mind

Modern Morality and Ancient Ethics Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Our Brains are Wired for Morality: Evolution, Development, and Neuroscience Frontiers

The Nature of Morality Pearson PDF Document Download

The Science of  Morality American Psychological Association

The Psychology of Morality: A Review and Analysis of Empirical Studies Published From 1940 Through 2017 Sage Journals

What is the Importance of Moral Values in Student Life? Sherwood High

Philosophy of Ethics and Morality - Introduction to Ethics What is Ethics?

Personal Focus and Self-Improvement Resources

Self-Awareness and Personal Development Planning

Personal Focus and Self-Improvement Resources : Mental Health and Motivation

Life isn’t about finding yourself. Life is about creating yourself.” - George Bernard Shaw.

Personal Focus and Self-Improvement  : Self-Focus and Development / Growth

Personal Focus and Self-Improvement
"Personal focus and self-improvement are essential aspects of personal development and growth. They involve consciously directing your attention, energy, and efforts toward improving various aspects of your life, such as your skills, knowledge, habits, relationships, and overall well-being. Here are some key points to consider when it comes to personal focus and self-improvement:

1. Goal Setting: Clearly define your goals and objectives. Identify what you want to achieve in different areas of your life, whether it's career-related, health and fitness, relationships, or personal hobbies. Set specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals to give yourself direction and focus.

2. Prioritization: Determine the most important areas of your life and prioritize your efforts accordingly. Focus on the activities and tasks that align with your goals and values. Eliminate or delegate tasks that are less important or do not contribute significantly to your growth.

3. Continuous Learning: Commit to lifelong learning and personal growth. Cultivate a growth mindset that embraces challenges, seeks new knowledge, and embraces feedback. Read books, take courses, attend workshops, listen to podcasts, or find mentors who can help you acquire new skills and broaden your perspective.

4. Time Management: Efficiently manage your time and avoid distractions that hinder your progress. Identify your most productive hours and allocate them to high-priority tasks. Use productivity techniques like time blocking, Pomodoro technique, or task batching to enhance your focus and accomplish more.

5. Healthy Habits: Adopt healthy habits that support your well-being and overall performance. Prioritize regular exercise, maintain a balanced diet, get sufficient sleep, and manage stress effectively. Small lifestyle changes can have a significant impact on your physical and mental well-being, boosting your focus and productivity.

6. Reflection and Self-Assessment: Regularly reflect on your progress and assess your strengths and weaknesses. Evaluate your actions, behaviors, and outcomes to identify areas where you can improve. Engage in self-reflection, journaling, or meditation to gain clarity and self-awareness.

7. Accountability and Support: Hold yourself accountable for your personal growth by tracking your progress, celebrating achievements, and course-correcting when necessary. Seek support from friends, family, or like-minded individuals who share similar goals. Consider joining communities or groups that provide encouragement, motivation, and accountability.

8. Adaptability and Resilience: Embrace change and view challenges as opportunities for growth. Develop resilience to bounce back from setbacks or failures. Cultivate flexibility and adaptability to adjust your plans and strategies when needed.

Remember, personal focus and self-improvement are ongoing processes. Be patient, persistent, and kind to yourself as you work toward your goals. Enjoy the journey of self-discovery and celebrate the progress you make along the way." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

13 Things Mentally Strong People Don't Do (book)
Amy Morin

How To Focus On Yourself Without Being Selfish Article

Metacognition: Understanding How You Learn (Tips, Examples, & Infographic) Business Essay

Mindset : The New Psychology of Success (book)
Carol S. Dweck PH.D.

Personal Development Books That Will Change Your Life Article

Practical Ways to Start Working on Self-Improvement Article

Preventing Burnout: 4 Strategies to Cultivate Your Energy and Engagement Article

Reasons Why Personal Development Should be a Priority Article

Self-Awareness and Personal Development Article

Self Development : Conscious Pursuit of Personal Growth  Article

Self-Care Practices for Every Area of Your Life Article

Science-backed Tips to Stay Focused and Avoid Distractions Article

Signs You Need to Focus on your Personal Development Article

Stop Being Mean to Yourself: A Story About Finding The True Meaning of Self-Love (book)
Melody Beattie

The Beginner’s Guide to Continuous Self-Improvement Article

Things You Can Do to Improve Your Personal Development Article

Vital Steps Toward Personal Growth And Development Article

Ways to Build Healthy Self-Focus Habits Article

Ways To Improve Your Personal Development Skills Article

Why You Need To Focus on Personal Development Article

8 Simple Self-Improvement Principles - Video

Nutrition for Mental Health and Diet Planning

Healthy Eating / Diet Planning for Improving Mental Health

Nutrition for Mental Health and Diet Planning : Mental Health and Motivation
Diet Planning for Improved Mental Health

Let food be thy medicine, thy medicine shall be thy food.” – Hippocrates

Mental Health and Nutrition

Mental Health, Nutrition and Diet

Nutrition and Diet Planning

Nutrition for Mental Health
"Nutrition plays a crucial role in maintaining good mental health and well-being. The food we consume provides the nutrients needed for optimal brain function and the production of neurotransmitters, which are chemical messengers that influence mood, cognition, and behavior. Here are some key aspects of nutrition for mental health:

1. Balanced Diet: Consuming a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrient-dense foods is essential for overall mental well-being. This includes eating adequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. These foods provide essential vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber that support brain health and reduce the risk of mental health disorders.

2. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fatty acids, particularly EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), are essential for brain health. They play a role in reducing inflammation and supporting the structure and function of brain cells. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids include fatty fish (such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines), walnuts, flaxseeds, and chia seeds.

3. B Vitamins: B vitamins, including folate, B6, and B12, are important for mental health. They are involved in the production of neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, which regulate mood and emotions. Good food sources of B vitamins include leafy greens, legumes, whole grains, lean meats, fish, eggs, and dairy products.

4. Antioxidant-Rich Foods: Antioxidants help protect the brain from oxidative stress and inflammation, which can contribute to mental health issues. Foods rich in antioxidants include colorful fruits and vegetables (such as berries, spinach, kale, and sweet potatoes), nuts, seeds, and green tea.

5. Gut-Brain Connection: Emerging research highlights the importance of the gut-brain connection. The gut microbiota, the community of microorganisms residing in the digestive system, has a bidirectional relationship with the brain and can influence mental health. Consuming a diet rich in fiber, prebiotics (found in foods like onions, garlic, bananas, and oats), and probiotics (found in fermented foods like yogurt, sauerkraut, and kimchi) can support a healthy gut microbiome and potentially benefit mental health.

6. Limit Sugar and Processed Foods: Excessive consumption of sugar and processed foods has been associated with an increased risk of mental health disorders. These foods can lead to inflammation, spikes in blood sugar levels, and imbalances in neurotransmitters, potentially affecting mood and cognition. Opting for whole, unprocessed foods and reducing intake of sugary snacks, sugary drinks, and processed foods is recommended.

7. Hydration: Proper hydration is important for optimal brain function. Even mild dehydration can affect mood, cognitive performance, and energy levels. Aim to drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day.

It's important to note that nutrition should not replace professional mental health treatment. However, adopting a healthy diet that supports brain function can be a valuable complement to overall mental health and well-being. If you have specific dietary concerns or questions, it's best to consult with a registered dietitian or a healthcare professional for personalized advice." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Best diet for mental health: Can certain foods help? Medical News Today

Can Your Diet Affect Your Mental Health? Healthline

Can What You Eat Affect Your Mental Health? Article

Changing Diets, Changing Minds: How Food affects Mental Well Being and Behaviour Courtney Van de Weyer

Cooking to Cure: A Nutritional Approach to Anxiety and Depression Angela Dailey, LCSW

Depression and Diet Article

Diet and Mental Health Article

Eating Disorders, Awareness, Research and Resources Mental Health and Motivation

Eating Healthy to Improve Mental Health Article

Eating Well for Mental Health Article

Expert-Approved Diet Plan for a Happier, Less-Stressed You Everyday Health

Food, Drink and Mental Health Article

Food, Mood, and Brain Health: Implications for the Modern Clinician Article

Food and Mood: How do Diet and Nutrition affect Mental Wellbeing? Article

Food for Thought: The Link Between Mental Health and Nutrition Article

Food for Your Mood: How what you Eat affects your Mental Health Article

Foods to Eat for Better Mental Health Article

Genius Foods: Become Smarter, Happier, and More Productive While Protecting Your Brain for Life Max Lugavere / Paul Grewal

Healthy Eating for Depression Healthline

How food affects your mood: Healthy Diet Plan BBC Good Food

How Food May Improve Your Mood Article

Improving Mental Health Through Healthy Eating spunout 

Nutrition and Mental Health: Is there a link? Article

Nutrition for Mental Health : What you eat Influences Mood, Anxiety and Depression Article

Nutritional Psychiatry: Your Brain on Food Article

Promoting Mental Health through Healthy Eating and Nutritional
Janice Howard

The Healthy Mind Cookbook: Big-Flavor Recipes to Enhance Brain Function, Mood, Memory, and Mental Clarity Rebecca Katz

These Women Treated Their Anxiety and Depression with Food Article

The Best Diet For Mental Health SingleCare

The Importance Of Good Nutrition For Mental And Physical Health Article

The Link between Food and Mental health Article

The 3-Day Mental Health Meal Plan Article

The UltraMind Solution: Fix Your Broken Brain by Healing Your Body First - The Simple Way to Defeat Depression, Overcome Anxiety, and Sharpen Your Mind Mark Hyman

Understanding Nutrition, Depression and Mental illnesses Article

What Is the Best Diet for Mental Health? Article

What Is The Link Between Diet And Mental Illness? Article

Worst Foods for Mental Health Delray Beach Psychiatrist 

Role of Nutrition in Mental Health : The Center for Nutritional Psychology - Video


πŸŽ“ Mental Health, Psychology and Relationship Resources

Meditation and Mindfulness Resources

Meditation and Mindfulness Awareness

Meditation and Mindfulness Resources : Mental Health and Motivation

"The best way to capture moments is to pay attention. This is how we cultivate mindfulness." — Jon Kabat-Zinn

Meditation and Mindfulness

Living in the Moment

Meditation and Mindfulness
"Meditation and mindfulness are practices that involve training the mind and cultivating awareness in the present moment. While meditation is a broader term that encompasses various techniques, mindfulness is a specific quality of attention cultivated through meditation and applied in daily life. Let's explore these concepts further:

Meditation is a practice that involves training the mind to focus and redirect attention. It is often practiced by sitting in a comfortable position and engaging in specific techniques or exercises. There are several types of meditation, including:

1. Mindfulness meditation: This form of meditation involves paying attention to the present moment, including thoughts, sensations, and emotions, without judgment. It aims to develop awareness and acceptance of one's experiences.

2. Loving-kindness meditation: Also known as metta meditation, it involves cultivating feelings of love, compassion, and kindness towards oneself and others. Practitioners repeat specific phrases or visualizations to generate positive emotions.

3. Transcendental meditation: This practice involves the repetition of a mantra to calm the mind and achieve a state of deep relaxation and restful awareness.

4. Vipassana meditation: Originating from Buddhist traditions, this practice involves observing the sensations and experiences that arise in the body and mind without attachment or aversion. It aims to develop insight and wisdom into the nature of reality.

Mindfulness is a quality of attention that arises through intentional, non-judgmental awareness of the present moment. It involves being fully engaged in the present experience, whether it's daily activities, interactions, or internal thoughts and emotions. Mindfulness cultivates an attitude of curiosity, acceptance, and non-reactivity towards one's experiences.

Mindfulness can be practiced formally through meditation exercises, such as focused attention on the breath or body sensations, or informally by bringing mindful awareness to everyday activities like eating, walking, or listening to others. It helps individuals develop resilience, emotional regulation, and a greater sense of clarity and perspective.

Benefits of Meditation and Mindfulness:
Engaging in regular meditation and mindfulness practices can have various benefits for mental, emotional, and physical well-being, including:

1. Stress reduction: Meditation and mindfulness techniques help regulate the body's stress response, reducing the impact of stress on the mind and body.

2. Improved focus and concentration: By training the mind to stay present, these practices enhance attention and concentration skills.

3. Emotional regulation: Practicing meditation and mindfulness can increase emotional self-awareness, improve regulation of emotions, and reduce reactivity to challenging situations.

4. Increased self-compassion: Mindfulness encourages a non-judgmental and accepting attitude towards oneself, fostering self-compassion and self-care.

5. Enhanced overall well-being: Regular meditation and mindfulness practices have been associated with increased feelings of calm, contentment, and overall life satisfaction.

It's important to note that meditation and mindfulness are skills that require practice and patience. Starting with short sessions and gradually increasing the duration can be helpful. Additionally, guidance from experienced teachers or participation in meditation classes or workshops can provide valuable support in developing these practices effectively.

While meditation and mindfulness can be beneficial for many individuals, they are not a substitute for professional help in cases of severe mental health conditions. If you're experiencing significant distress, it's recommended to consult with a mental health professional for appropriate guidance and support." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

A New Earth
Erchart Tolle

Benefits of Mindfulness Article

Getting Started with Mindfulness Article

Guided Meditation for Anxiety & Stress Video

How to Meditate
Tara Brach

How to Start Living in the Moment and Stop Worrying Article

In This Moment: How To Stay in the Present for Meditation Article

Mind-Body Intelligence: How to Manage Your mind Using Biofeedback & Mindfulness
Glyn Blacket

The Power of Now
Echart Tolle

The True Meaning of Living in the Present Moment Article

Tips to Start Living in the Present Moment Article

What does 'Living in the Present Moment' mean? Mental Health and Motivation

What Is Mindfulness Meditation? Article

With Mindfulness, Life’s In The Moment Article

Use Mindfulness Meditation to Ease Anxiety Article

Future of Mental Health Recovery and Rehabilitation

The Future of Mental Health Recovery, Treatment and Rehabilitation

Future of Mental Health Recovery and Rehabilitation

No amount of anxiety can change the future. No amount of regret can change the past.” — Karen Salmansohn

Future Mental Health Techniques and Technology 

Future of Mental Health Recovery and Rehabilitation
"The future of mental health recovery and rehabilitation is likely to be shaped by advancements in technology, evolving treatment approaches, and a greater emphasis on holistic and person-centered care. Here are some potential trends and developments that may play a role in the future of mental health recovery and rehabilitation:

1. Digital and Telehealth Solutions: The integration of technology in mental health care is expected to continue expanding. Telehealth platforms and mobile applications are already being used to provide remote counseling, therapy sessions, and mental health support. These digital solutions can increase accessibility, reduce barriers to care, and offer personalized interventions.

2. Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR): VR and AR technologies hold promise in mental health treatment. They can create immersive environments that simulate real-life scenarios, allowing individuals to confront and manage their fears, anxieties, and traumas in a controlled setting. VR and AR may also be utilized for relaxation techniques, mindfulness exercises, and therapeutic games.

3. Personalized Treatment Approaches: As our understanding of mental health disorders advances, there is growing recognition of the importance of personalized treatment plans. Genetic testing, neuroimaging, and other biomarkers may help tailor treatments to individuals' specific needs, ensuring more effective and targeted interventions.

4. Integrative and Holistic Care: Mental health recovery and rehabilitation are increasingly viewed through a holistic lens, recognizing the interconnectedness of mental, physical, and social well-being. Integrative approaches that combine traditional therapies with complementary and alternative practices like yoga, mindfulness, art therapy, and exercise are likely to gain more prominence.

5. Peer Support and Community Integration: The importance of peer support networks and community integration in mental health recovery is gaining recognition. Peer support programs, such as support groups and peer mentors, can provide individuals with lived experience the opportunity to support and empower one another.

6. Prevention and Early Intervention: Efforts to prevent mental health issues and intervene early are crucial for reducing the long-term impact of mental disorders. Schools, workplaces, and healthcare systems are placing greater emphasis on mental health promotion, awareness, and early identification of symptoms to ensure timely intervention.

7. Cultural Competence and Diversity: The future of mental health recovery and rehabilitation will prioritize cultural competence and recognize the unique needs and experiences of diverse populations. Culturally sensitive interventions and services that consider factors like race, ethnicity, gender, and other orientation will be integral to providing effective and inclusive care.

8. Research and Innovation: Ongoing research and innovation in the field of mental health will continue to contribute to advancements in treatments, therapies, and understanding of mental health disorders. New pharmaceutical developments, neuroscientific discoveries, and therapeutic modalities will expand the range of options available for individuals seeking recovery and rehabilitation.

It's important to note that while these trends and developments hold promise, the implementation of new approaches in mental health care requires careful consideration of ethical considerations, privacy concerns, and accessibility for all individuals, regardless of socioeconomic status or geographical location." Source: (ChatGPT 2023)

AI and the Future of Mental Health CENGN

Children & Young People’s Mental Health in the Digital Age PDF Download OECD 

Conceptualising Recovery in Mental Health Rehabilitation Research Gate

Could Psychedelics be the Future of Mental Health? MPR News

Essential Elements That Contribute to the Recovery of Persons With Severe Mental Illness: A Systematic Scoping Study NIH / Frontiers in Psychiatry

Future of Mental Health in the Metaverse BMJ Journals

Global Future Council on Mental Health World Economic Forum

How Google is Improving Access to Mental Health Resources Google

How Technology is Transforming Mental Health Assessment and Treatment Brookings

Innovations in Mental Health Care take Rehabilitation in new Directions Hospital News

Mental Health and Artificial Intelligence Mental Health and Motivation

Mental Health and ChatGPT Mental Health and Motivation

Mental Health Care in the Workplace: The Coming Revolution McKinsey & Company

New Mental Health Trends and the Future of Psychiatry Maryville University

Possibilities for the future of global mental health: a scenario planning approach BMC Psychiatry

Readings in Psychiatric Rehabilitation & Recovery Boston University

Recovery: Past Progress and Future Challenges Taylor & Francis Online

Scenarios for the Future of Mental Health Care: Whose Interests, Whose Perspectives, Whose Future? The Lancet Psychiatry 

Technology and the Future of Mental Health Black Dog Institute

The Future of Mental Health Care McKinsey and Company

The Future of Mental Health Smithsonian Magazine

The Future of Mental Health Care: Time for a Social Perspective? National Elf Services

The Mental Health Frontier : 3 Areas Where The Future Of Care Is Being Transformed Forbes

The Future of Mental Health Care: Trends and Forecast Research Gate

The Future of Mental Health Diagnosis Goes Beyond the Manual Wired

The Future of Psychiatric Rehabilitation JSTOR

The Future of Psychiatric Rehabilitation National Library of Medicine NIH

The Recovery Model in Mental Health Care Verywell Mind

The Implementation of Evidence-Based Psychiatric Rehabilitation: Challenges and Opportunities for Mental Health Services Frontiers in Psychiatry

Top 10 Innovations in Mental Health World Economic Forum

Urgent Need to Transform Mental Health and Mental Health Care WHO

What Will the Future of Mental Health Care Bring? Verywell Mind

Technology and Mental Health: The Future? : Video

30 May 2023

Relationship Sociology Resources

Relationship Sociology Awareness, Research and Resources
Relationship Sociology Resources
"Human well-being is not a random phenomenon. It depends on many factors — ranging from genetics and neurobiology to sociology and economics."- Sam Harris

Relationship Sociology Resources

Social Relationships and Life Satisfaction

Relationship Sociology
Relationship sociology is a branch of sociology that focuses on the study of social relationships between individuals or groups within a society. It examines the various forms of relationships, their structures, dynamics, and impacts on individuals and society as a whole.

In relationship sociology, researchers analyze how social interactions, networks, and institutions shape and influence relationships. They explore factors such as cultural norms, social roles, power dynamics, and socialization processes that impact the formation, maintenance, and dissolution of relationships.

Key concepts in relationship sociology include:
  1. Social Networks: This concept refers to the web of social relationships and connections between individuals or groups. Researchers analyze the structure of networks, patterns of interaction, and the impact of network ties on individuals' behaviors and opportunities.

  2. Social Exchange Theory: This theory examines relationships as a series of exchanges between individuals who seek to maximize rewards and minimize costs. It explores how individuals negotiate, make decisions, and maintain relationships based on the perceived benefits they receive.

  3. Symbolic Interactionism: This theoretical perspective emphasizes the role of symbols, meanings, and shared understandings in shaping social interactions. It explores how individuals interpret and assign meaning to their relationships, as well as how these meanings influence their behavior.

  4. Power and Inequality: Relationship sociology also examines power dynamics within relationships and how social inequalities such as gender, race, and class affect relationship formation and dynamics. It explores issues of power imbalances, social norms, and discrimination that can shape the quality and stability of relationships.

  5. Socialization and Social Construction: This area of study focuses on how individuals are socialized into specific relationship patterns and norms. It investigates how society constructs and reinforces ideas about relationships, marriage, family, and other social institutions.
Researchers in relationship sociology employ a range of research methods, including surveys, interviews, observations, and quantitative analysis of large-scale datasets. They study various types of relationships, including romantic partnerships, friendships, family relationships, professional networks, and online social connections.

Overall, relationship sociology offers insights into how social factors shape human relationships, providing a deeper understanding of the ways in which social structures and interactions impact individuals and society as a whole. (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Difference Between Psychology and Sociology Article

Gender Roles & Relationships | Decision Making tutor2u

Ordinary Relationships: A Sociological Study of Emotions, Reflexivity and Culture
Julie Brownlie

Pure Relationality as a Sociological Theory of Communication Article

Relationship Sociology Resources Article

SEL for Students: Social Awareness and Relationship Skills University of California Berkley

Social Awareness & Relationship Skills Digital Promise

Social Awareness: An Introductory Guide Positive Action

Social Relationships and Health: A Flashpoint for Health Policy NIH

Social Relations and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Friends Article

Social Relationships with Nature: Elements of a Framework for Socio-Ecological Structure Analysis Taylor & Francis Online

Social Exchange Theory Article

Sociology of the Family : Love and Intimacy Article

The Benefits of Social Relationships Article

The Risks of Social Isolation American Psychological Association

The Social Self: The Role of the Social Situation Article

The Social Exchange Theory in Relationships Article

The Sociology of Love Article

Ties that Bind: Enhanced Social Awareness Development Through Interactions with Diverse Peers PDF Download University of Michigan  

What are the Different Types of Social Relationships? Article

What is Sociology? Article

Why Love Hurts : A Sociological Explanation
Eva Illouz

All Relationship Resources

28 May 2023

My Recovery from Narcissistic Abuse

Exposure, Understanding and Recovering from Narcissistic Abuse

Narcissistic Abuse Recovery

Empaths have to be careful not to internalize others’ feelings, as this can cause them to feel anxious, sad, or even depressed. It can leave the empath feeling drained or exhausted. They must learn to set boundaries so as not to let toxic people drain them dry.” ― Donna G. Bourgeois

Narcissistic Abuse in Relationships

Narcissistic Abuse Recovery : Acceptance and Healing

Vernon Chalmers Narcissistic Abuse Recovery Narrative

"My story of being unceremoniously exposed to (relationship) abuse is profoundly documented here on the Mental Health and Motivation website. I am of firm belief that I was subjected to an intense barrage of both narcissistic and antisocial abuse over a relatively short period of time." ― Vernon Chalmers

Being emotionally, physically and verbally abused by my ex girlfriend has left me with many questions about the gratuitous motivation of someone displaying so many narcissistic and / or antisocial behavioural traits.

In the aftermath of the relationship I struggled to come to terms with the grandiose disdain shown for any contributions of compassion and goodwill I effortlessly offered during the relationship. I questioned my own empathetic vulnerabilities, my own identity and core values that could possibly have 'justified' the abuse against me. It took almost two years of soul searching, research and the passing of significant time for creating an inner peace (frame of reference) for completing the recovery puzzle.

Achievements / Lessons from an Abusive Relationship 

With no set objective in recovery time I started journaling some of the most unpleasant experiences and recurring memories in what I call my Portfolio of Choice: knowledge, time, trust, writing and the reading of my own state of mind (as a conscientious choice) made me less vulnerable in not only my understanding of abusive behaviour, its origin and possible longer-term consequences on my emotional well-being, but also my own subsequent codependent behaviour dynamics. Therapeutic Journaling 

With a more informed understanding of narcissistic and antisocial abuse I have accepted the fact that the trauma could linger for a bit longer (as an undercurrent of thought). Its only until recently that I have started referring to my abuse as 'narcissistic' abuse. Naively so, but this was primarily due to my own intermittent cognitive dissonance still shielding my perpetrator from her emotional dysregulation and oblivious narcissistic pathology rather than acknowledging the unfolding of a fatally flawed persona.

Nevertheless, I have shamelessly embraced my extended recovery narrative as therapeutic guidance for providing me with the necessary acceptance and healing for coming to terms with an abusive relationship.

© Vernon Chalmers : Mental Health and Motivation (Narcissistic Abuse)

Abuse, Domestic Violence and Trauma Resources

Abuse and Trauma : Abusive Behaviour and Domestic Violence Resources

Abuse, Domestic Violence and Trauma Resources

“It is not the the bruises on the body that hurt. It is the wounds of the heart and the scars on the mind.” ― Aisha Mirza

Male and Female Domestic Violence

Trauma associated with Abuse / Domestic Violence

Abused Men (Trauma Bonding) and Gender-Based Violence (in Adult Relationships)

My Experience with Abuse, Domestic Violence and associated Trauma 
During the past 18 months I have gained a substantial amount of personal experience and perspective from being on the receiving end of an abusive relationship (that ended in August 2020). After my detachment from this dramatic trauma bond I spent more than a year reading / researching various articles, books and online resources for gaining a better understanding of abuse, domestic violence and eventual management of the associated trauma. I also started journaling about the abusive behaviour against me here on the Mental Health and Motivation website.

I spiralled into the dark abyss of my own cognitive dissonance, consumed by the FOG* of leaving and the never-ending rumination that left me mentally immobilised for weeks at a time. My mental state was further challenged by the sad event of my best friend, Joseph Inns, who passed away during this time.
Through reading, sheer determination and my support system (of family and friends) the benefit of time slowly turned the infinite upside-down puzzle, piece by piece, around in my mind. Its only lately that I'm able see a more integrated and complete picture - a clear vision of what life should be without the toxicity of abuse and domestic violence. 

The insight gained assisted me for coming to terms with the possible cause and reason(s) why someone would be so ferociously induced by their shameless brutality of abusive and violent behaviour for demanding attention, maintaining control, staying relevant, overcoming disappointment and / or satisfying delusions of grandeur.  Abusive and Violent Behaviour Towards Me

I ignored the obvious and silent red flags during the relationship for far too long. I should have known beter and should have acted much sooner.  Relationship Red Flags I Ignored for Months

I trust that some of these resources will also be beneficial to other men and women around the world who have been subjected to similar abuse, domestic violence and / or are currently still living with the unfortunate traumatic consequences. I learned a lot from my own (relationship) codependency behavioural vulnerabilities as well. Achievements / Lessons from an Abusive Relationship.

* FOG (Fear | Obligation | Guilt)

© Vernon Chalmers : Mental Health and Motivation

Types (Physical, Sexual and Emotional) & Signs of Abuse - Video

Why Do People Abuse Other People?

  What Causes People to Abuse Others? Awareness, Resources and Research

Why Do People Abuse Other People?

“To those who abuse: the sin is yours, the crime is yours, and the shame is yours. To those who protect the perpetrators: blaming the victims only masks the evil within, making you as guilty as those who abuse. Stand up for the innocent or go down with the rest.” ― Flora Jessop

Mental Illness and Abuse Research

Why People Abuse Research

Why Do People Abuse Other People?
People abuse others for a variety of complex reasons, and it's important to note that abusive behavior is not justified or acceptable in any way. The motivations behind why people engage in abusive behavior can vary depending on the individual and the specific circumstances. Here are some common factors that contribute to the abuse of others:
  1. Power and control: Abusers may seek power and control over their victims as a way to feel superior or to compensate for their own feelings of insecurity or powerlessness. They use abuse as a means to exert dominance and manipulate others to fulfill their own needs and desires.

  2. Learned behavior: Some individuals who grew up in abusive environments or witnessed abuse may internalize those patterns of behavior. They may view abuse as normal or acceptable, perpetuating the cycle of violence in their own relationships.

  3. Emotional issues and unresolved trauma: People who struggle with their own emotional issues or unresolved trauma may project their pain onto others through abusive behavior. They may lack healthy coping mechanisms and instead resort to hurting others as a way to deal with their own emotional turmoil.

  4. Low self-esteem: Individuals with low self-esteem may resort to abusive behavior as a way to elevate their sense of self-worth. By demeaning or hurting others, they temporarily boost their own ego or attempt to control and manipulate others to feel better about themselves.

  5. Cultural and social factors: Societal norms, cultural beliefs, and social structures can influence abusive behavior. In some cultures or communities, certain forms of abuse may be condoned or normalized, leading individuals to engage in abusive actions without fully recognizing the harm they cause.

  6. Substance abuse and addiction: Substance abuse issues can impair judgment, lower inhibitions, and contribute to aggressive or violent behavior. While substance abuse does not excuse abusive actions, it can be a contributing factor. 
It is important to remember that these explanations do not excuse or justify abusive behavior. Abuse is never the fault of the victim, and everyone has the right to live free from harm. If you or someone you know is experiencing abuse, it's crucial to seek help and support from trusted individuals or organizations specialized in assisting victims of abuse. (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Abuse Cannot Be Blamed on Mental Illness Domestic Shelters

Causes of Child Abuse: Why Some Adults Hurt Children Healthline

Does Mental Illness cause Abuse? Love is Respect

Family Violence Explained BetterHealth

Five Reasons People Abuse Their Partners Psychology Today

Four Main Reasons Why People Abuse Psych2go

How Drugs & Alcohol Can Fuel Violent Behaviors American Addiction Centers

How do Abusive Men Pick their Victims? Flying Free

How does Someone become Abusive Olive Branch

Is Mental Illness to Blame for Abuse? University of Texas / UTEP

Mental Illness and Abusive Behavior in Relationships Overcomers

Profile of an Abuser Domestic Shelters

Psychological Abusers don't go for the Weak  - They choose Strong People because they 'like a Challenge' Business Insider 

Reasons the Cycle of Abuse Continues Verywell Mind

Reasons Why People Abuse Psych Central

Some Thoughts about Victimization, Anger and Abuse MentalHelp

Verbally Abusive Men and Women: Why Do They Abuse? HealthyPlace

Warning Signs of an Abusive Person PDF Download Southwestern University 

What Causes Gender-Based Violence? Council of Europe

What Causes Relationship Abuse? The Center for Relationship Abuse Awareness

Why Do People Abuse? MentalHelp

Why Do People Abuse Other People? Braden Counceling Center

Why do some People Abuse People with Disability? Royal Commission Australia

Wounds That Time Won’t Heal: The Neurobiology of Child Abuse Cerebrum Dana Foundation

Why Do Abusers Abuse? - Video

Mental Health and Motivation Popular Articles and Posts from the Last Month