31 May 2023

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Resources

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Awareness, Symptoms and Research

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Resources

"If you want to conquer the anxiety of life, live in the moment, live in the breath."– Amit Ray

Seasonal Depression (SAD) Research

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Resources

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Therapy

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
"Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a type of mood disorder that occurs at a specific time of the year, usually during the fall and winter months when there is less natural sunlight. It is characterized by recurrent episodes of depression that tend to begin in the late fall or early winter and improve in the spring and summer.

The exact cause of Seasonal Affective Disorder is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to changes in exposure to natural light, which can affect the body's internal clock (circadian rhythm) and the production of certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and melatonin.

Some common symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder include:
  • Persistent feelings of sadness or low mood
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities
  • Changes in sleep patterns, such as oversleeping or difficulty falling asleep
  • Increased fatigue and lack of energy
  • Changes in appetite, particularly craving for carbohydrates
  • Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Social withdrawal and isolation
  • Thoughts of death or suicide (in severe cases)

Certain factors may increase the risk of developing SAD, including:

1. Geographic location: SAD is more common in regions farther from the equator, where there are more significant changes in daylight throughout the year.

2. Family history: If you have a close family member with SAD or another type of depression, your risk may be higher.

3. Gender: SAD is more prevalent in women than in men.

4. Age: Younger adults are more likely to experience SAD, although it can occur at any age.

Treatment for Seasonal Affective Disorder often includes a combination of approaches:

1. Light therapy (phototherapy): This involves exposure to a bright light that mimics natural sunlight, which can help regulate circadian rhythms and improve mood. Light therapy is typically administered in the morning.

2. Psychotherapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and other forms of talk therapy can help individuals learn coping strategies and address negative thought patterns associated with SAD.

3. Medications: Antidepressant medications, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may be prescribed for severe cases of SAD.

4. Lifestyle changes: Engaging in regular physical activity, spending time outdoors during daylight hours, and managing stress can also be helpful in managing SAD symptoms.

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder, it's essential to seek professional help from a mental health provider. SAD is a treatable condition, and early intervention can lead to better outcomes and improved quality of life during the affected seasons. (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Bright Light Therapy: Seasonal Affective Disorder and Beyond NIH

Feeling SAD? It Could be Seasonal Affective Disorder Article

Implementing prevention of Seasonal Affective Disorder from Patients’ and Physicians’ Perspectives – A Qualitative Study BMC Psychiatry

Issues for DSM-V: Seasonal Affective Disorder and Seasonality Psychiatry Online

How to Know if you have Seasonal Affective Disorder American Psychological Association

How to Manage Seasonal Affective Disorder Article

Resources for Managing Seasonal Affective Disorder Article

Seasonal Affective Disorder Article

Seasonal Affective Disorder NHS Overview / Symptoms

Seasonal Affective Disorder (for Teens) TeensHealth

Seasonal Affective Disorder Questionnaire PDF Download Outside In

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) | Anxiety and Depression ADAA / Anxiety & Depression Association of America

Seasonal Affective Disorder: Treatment UpToDate

Seasonal Affective Disorder and Engagement in Physical Activities among Adults in Alaska Taylor & Francis Online

Seasonal Depression (Seasonal Affective Disorder) WebMD

Therapist Shares Tips for Seasonal Affective Disorder Article

Ways to Ease Seasonal Depression Everyday Health

What is Seasonal Affective Disorder? American Psychiatric Association

What is Seasonal Affective Disorder and is SAD different to Depression? Article

Seasonal Affective Disorder - Mayo Clinic Health System - Video

πŸŽ“ Mental Health, Psychology and Relationship Resources

Anxiety and Empathy

Anxiety Disorders and Empathy : Awareness, Research and Resources

Anxiety Disorder and Empathy : Awareness, Research and Resources

Fear, anxiety, arousal, and pain; all are emotions and sensations. They are neither right, nor are they wrong; good nor bad. They are simply passions, a most important part of life. Feel them, fully experience them, surrender to them, and learn to accept them. As a submissive, you must let go." - AndrΓ© Chevalier
Anxiety and Empathy Research

Anxiety and Empathy
Anxiety and empathy are two interconnected aspects of human experience that can influence each other in various ways. Let's explore each of these concepts individually and then discuss their relationship.

Anxiety is a common human emotion characterized by feelings of worry, fear, and unease. It can manifest in different forms, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or specific phobias. Anxiety can arise from various sources, including stress, trauma, genetic factors, or underlying medical conditions.

People with anxiety often experience excessive worrying about future events, difficulties in managing uncertainty, and heightened physiological responses like increased heart rate, sweating, and restlessness. Anxiety can significantly impact one's daily life, relationships, and overall well-being if not properly managed.

Empathy refers to the ability to understand and share the feelings, perspectives, and experiences of others. It involves recognizing and acknowledging the emotions of others, and responding in a caring and compassionate manner. Empathy plays a crucial role in building connections, fostering understanding, and providing support to those in need.

There are different forms of empathy, including cognitive empathy (understanding another person's perspective), emotional empathy (sharing and experiencing another person's emotions), and compassionate empathy (taking action to help and support others). Empathy is a fundamental aspect of human interaction and is often considered a positive trait that promotes prosocial behavior and interpersonal relationships.

Relationship between Anxiety and Empathy:
The relationship between anxiety and empathy can be complex and multidimensional. Here are a few key points to consider:

1. Heightened Sensitivity: People with anxiety may have heightened sensitivity to emotional cues and the experiences of others. This sensitivity can enhance their ability to empathize with others and understand their emotions more deeply.

2. Emotional Contagion: Anxiety can also make individuals more susceptible to "emotional contagion," where they absorb and experience the emotions of others more intensely. This can lead to a stronger empathetic response, but it can also increase the risk of becoming overwhelmed by others' emotions.

3. Anxiety Impairment: In some cases, anxiety can impair a person's ability to empathize effectively. When someone is consumed by their own anxious thoughts and worries, it may be challenging to fully focus on and understand the emotions of others.

4. Empathy as a Coping Mechanism: Empathy can also serve as a coping mechanism for individuals with anxiety. By redirecting their attention and energy towards understanding and supporting others, they may experience relief from their own anxious thoughts and find a sense of purpose.

5. Self-Compassion and Empathy: Developing self-compassion, which involves treating oneself with kindness and understanding, can be beneficial for managing anxiety. When individuals cultivate self-compassion, they may also become more empathetic towards others, recognizing that everyone experiences struggles and challenges.

It's important to note that anxiety and empathy can vary among individuals, and the relationship between them can differ based on personal circumstances and the severity of anxiety symptoms. If you or someone you know is struggling with anxiety, it's advisable to seek professional help from a mental health provider who can provide personalized guidance and support." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

A Developmental Analysis of Dimensions of Empathy during Early Adolescence: Behavioral Empathy but not Cognitive Empathy is Associated with Lower Psychopathology Plos Global Public Health

Anxiety Reduces Empathy Toward Outgroup Members But Not Ingroup Members Cambridge Core

Associations between Empathy and social anxiety in Childhood: The Moderating Role of Mother-Child Conflict and Peer Rejection Springer Link

Convergent Neural Correlates of Empathy and Anxiety During Socioemotional Processing Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Does Anxiety make you less Empathetic? The Healthy Journal

Effect of Anxiety on Empathy: An Observational Study Among Nurses MDPI

Empathy and Theory of Mind in Schizophrenia and Anxiety Disorders PDF Download McGill University, Montreal

Empathy Modulates the Effects of Acute Stress on Anxious Appearance and Social Behavior in Social Anxiety Disorder Frontiers in Psychiatry

Higher Social Anxiety Severity Predicts Better Cognitive Empathy Performance in Women but Not Men Sage Journals

Link Between Anxiety Disorder – Early Life Trauma and Empathy AnxietyCentre

Relationships between Sex Role, Empathy and Anxiety PDF Download Portland State University  

Social Anxiety and Empathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis ScienceDirect

Social Anxiety and Empathy for Social Pain The University of British Colombia

Social Anxiety and Subtypes of Empathy: The Moderating Influence of Biological Sex PDF Download University of Central Florida

The Negative Side of Empathy and its Effect in the Workplace Solidariteit Werknet

What is the Relationship Between Stress and Empathy? Greater Good Magazine

Ethics and Morality Resources

Ethics and Morality : Definitions, Differences and Meaning

Ethics and Ethics Resources : Mental Health and Motivation

What is morality, she asked. Judgement to distinguish right and wrong, vision to see the truth, and courage to act upon it, dedication to that which is good, integrity to stand by the good at any price. ”
― Ayn Rand

Importance of Ethics, Morality and Values

Ethics and Morality : Key Differences

Ethics and Morality
"Ethics and morality are fundamental concepts that guide our behavior and decision-making, helping us differentiate between right and wrong, good and bad, and shaping our actions and interactions with others. While ethics and morality are often used interchangeably, they have slightly different meanings:

Ethics: Ethics refers to a set of principles and values that define what is considered right or wrong in a particular context. It provides a framework for making ethical judgments and guides our actions and behaviors. Ethical principles can vary across cultures, societies, and individuals, and they are often influenced by factors such as religion, philosophy, and cultural norms.

Morality: Morality refers to a broader sense of right and wrong that is inherent to human nature. It encompasses a deeper understanding of what is good and virtuous and involves a sense of duty, conscience, and personal values. Morality is often shaped by cultural, societal, and personal factors and can influence ethical decision-making.

Here are some key points to consider when exploring ethics and morality:

1. Ethical Theories: Various ethical theories and frameworks provide different perspectives on what constitutes ethical behavior. These theories include consequentialism (which focuses on the consequences of actions), deontology (which emphasizes adherence to moral rules and duties), virtue ethics (which emphasizes the development of virtuous character traits), and many others. Familiarize yourself with different ethical theories to gain a deeper understanding of ethical reasoning and decision-making.

2. Universality and Cultural Relativism: Ethics can be universal or culturally relative. Universal ethics suggests that certain ethical principles apply universally to all individuals, regardless of cultural or societal differences. Cultural relativism, on the other hand, argues that ethical standards are subjective and vary across cultures. It's important to consider cultural perspectives and context when discussing ethics and morality while also recognizing common ethical principles that transcend cultural boundaries.

3. Ethical Dilemmas: Ethical dilemmas arise when there are conflicting ethical principles or moral values, making it challenging to determine the right course of action. These dilemmas often require careful consideration, critical thinking, and balancing the interests of different stakeholders. Analyzing ethical dilemmas can help develop moral reasoning and ethical decision-making skills.

4. Personal Values: Personal values play a crucial role in shaping individual ethics and morality. Reflect on your own values, beliefs, and principles to understand what matters most to you. Consider how your values align with ethical principles and guide your behavior and decision-making process.

5. Ethical Conduct: Applying ethical principles in practical situations involves acting with integrity, honesty, and fairness. Upholding ethical conduct requires consistency between your ethical beliefs and actions, even when faced with challenges or temptations. Consider the potential consequences of your actions and the impact they may have on others when making ethical choices.

6. Ethical Leadership: Ethical behavior is particularly important for leaders who influence and impact others. Ethical leadership involves setting a positive example, demonstrating integrity, promoting fairness, and considering the well-being and interests of all stakeholders. Leaders have the responsibility to create ethical cultures within organizations and communities.

7. Ethical Dilemmas in Technology: With the advancement of technology, new ethical dilemmas emerge. Questions surrounding privacy, artificial intelligence, genetic engineering, and other technological advancements require careful ethical considerations. It's essential to engage in discussions and debates about the ethical implications of technological progress.

Remember, ethics and morality are complex and multifaceted topics, and ethical reasoning can vary depending on the situation and the individuals involved. Engaging in ethical discussions, seeking diverse perspectives, and continuously reflecting on your own values and actions can help develop a deeper understanding of ethics and morality and foster a more ethical approach to life." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Are you a good person? Morality experts say this is how to find out USA Today

Binding Moral Values gain Importance in the Presence of Close Others Nature Communications

Difference between Ethics and Morality BYJU's

Difference Between Morals and Ethics Key Differences

Ethics: a General Introduction (What is Ethics?) BBC

Ethics vs. Morals - Difference and Comparison Diffen

Examples of Morals in Society and Literature Your Dictionary

Importance of Morality, Ethics & Values in our Lives JETIR

The Importance of Being Moral Psychology Today

Importance Of Values And Ethics Assignment Point

Morality: Definition, Formation, and Examples Verywell Mind

Morality vs. Ethics: What's the Difference? Verywell Mind

Modern Morality and Ancient Ethics Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Our Brains are Wired for Morality: Evolution, Development, and Neuroscience Frontiers

The Nature of Morality Pearson PDF Document Download

The Science of  Morality American Psychological Association

The Psychology of Morality: A Review and Analysis of Empirical Studies Published From 1940 Through 2017 Sage Journals

What is the Importance of Moral Values in Student Life? Sherwood High

Philosophy of Ethics and Morality - Introduction to Ethics What is Ethics?

Personal Focus and Self-Improvement Resources

Self-Awareness and Personal Development Planning

Personal Focus and Self-Improvement Resources : Mental Health and Motivation

Life isn’t about finding yourself. Life is about creating yourself.” - George Bernard Shaw.

Personal Focus and Self-Improvement  : Self-Focus and Development / Growth

Personal Focus and Self-Improvement
"Personal focus and self-improvement are essential aspects of personal development and growth. They involve consciously directing your attention, energy, and efforts toward improving various aspects of your life, such as your skills, knowledge, habits, relationships, and overall well-being. Here are some key points to consider when it comes to personal focus and self-improvement:

1. Goal Setting: Clearly define your goals and objectives. Identify what you want to achieve in different areas of your life, whether it's career-related, health and fitness, relationships, or personal hobbies. Set specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals to give yourself direction and focus.

2. Prioritization: Determine the most important areas of your life and prioritize your efforts accordingly. Focus on the activities and tasks that align with your goals and values. Eliminate or delegate tasks that are less important or do not contribute significantly to your growth.

3. Continuous Learning: Commit to lifelong learning and personal growth. Cultivate a growth mindset that embraces challenges, seeks new knowledge, and embraces feedback. Read books, take courses, attend workshops, listen to podcasts, or find mentors who can help you acquire new skills and broaden your perspective.

4. Time Management: Efficiently manage your time and avoid distractions that hinder your progress. Identify your most productive hours and allocate them to high-priority tasks. Use productivity techniques like time blocking, Pomodoro technique, or task batching to enhance your focus and accomplish more.

5. Healthy Habits: Adopt healthy habits that support your well-being and overall performance. Prioritize regular exercise, maintain a balanced diet, get sufficient sleep, and manage stress effectively. Small lifestyle changes can have a significant impact on your physical and mental well-being, boosting your focus and productivity.

6. Reflection and Self-Assessment: Regularly reflect on your progress and assess your strengths and weaknesses. Evaluate your actions, behaviors, and outcomes to identify areas where you can improve. Engage in self-reflection, journaling, or meditation to gain clarity and self-awareness.

7. Accountability and Support: Hold yourself accountable for your personal growth by tracking your progress, celebrating achievements, and course-correcting when necessary. Seek support from friends, family, or like-minded individuals who share similar goals. Consider joining communities or groups that provide encouragement, motivation, and accountability.

8. Adaptability and Resilience: Embrace change and view challenges as opportunities for growth. Develop resilience to bounce back from setbacks or failures. Cultivate flexibility and adaptability to adjust your plans and strategies when needed.

Remember, personal focus and self-improvement are ongoing processes. Be patient, persistent, and kind to yourself as you work toward your goals. Enjoy the journey of self-discovery and celebrate the progress you make along the way." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

13 Things Mentally Strong People Don't Do (book)
Amy Morin

How To Focus On Yourself Without Being Selfish Article

Metacognition: Understanding How You Learn (Tips, Examples, & Infographic) Business Essay

Mindset : The New Psychology of Success (book)
Carol S. Dweck PH.D.

Personal Development Books That Will Change Your Life Article

Practical Ways to Start Working on Self-Improvement Article

Preventing Burnout: 4 Strategies to Cultivate Your Energy and Engagement Article

Reasons Why Personal Development Should be a Priority Article

Self-Awareness and Personal Development Article

Self Development : Conscious Pursuit of Personal Growth  Article

Self-Care Practices for Every Area of Your Life Article

Science-backed Tips to Stay Focused and Avoid Distractions Article

Signs You Need to Focus on your Personal Development Article

Stop Being Mean to Yourself: A Story About Finding The True Meaning of Self-Love (book)
Melody Beattie

The Beginner’s Guide to Continuous Self-Improvement Article

Things You Can Do to Improve Your Personal Development Article

Vital Steps Toward Personal Growth And Development Article

Ways to Build Healthy Self-Focus Habits Article

Ways To Improve Your Personal Development Skills Article

Why You Need To Focus on Personal Development Article

8 Simple Self-Improvement Principles - Video

Future of Mental Health Recovery and Rehabilitation

The Future of Mental Health Recovery, Treatment and Rehabilitation

Future of Mental Health Recovery and Rehabilitation

No amount of anxiety can change the future. No amount of regret can change the past.” — Karen Salmansohn

Future Mental Health Techniques and Technology 

Future of Mental Health Recovery and Rehabilitation
"The future of mental health recovery and rehabilitation is likely to be shaped by advancements in technology, evolving treatment approaches, and a greater emphasis on holistic and person-centered care. Here are some potential trends and developments that may play a role in the future of mental health recovery and rehabilitation:

1. Digital and Telehealth Solutions: The integration of technology in mental health care is expected to continue expanding. Telehealth platforms and mobile applications are already being used to provide remote counseling, therapy sessions, and mental health support. These digital solutions can increase accessibility, reduce barriers to care, and offer personalized interventions.

2. Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR): VR and AR technologies hold promise in mental health treatment. They can create immersive environments that simulate real-life scenarios, allowing individuals to confront and manage their fears, anxieties, and traumas in a controlled setting. VR and AR may also be utilized for relaxation techniques, mindfulness exercises, and therapeutic games.

3. Personalized Treatment Approaches: As our understanding of mental health disorders advances, there is growing recognition of the importance of personalized treatment plans. Genetic testing, neuroimaging, and other biomarkers may help tailor treatments to individuals' specific needs, ensuring more effective and targeted interventions.

4. Integrative and Holistic Care: Mental health recovery and rehabilitation are increasingly viewed through a holistic lens, recognizing the interconnectedness of mental, physical, and social well-being. Integrative approaches that combine traditional therapies with complementary and alternative practices like yoga, mindfulness, art therapy, and exercise are likely to gain more prominence.

5. Peer Support and Community Integration: The importance of peer support networks and community integration in mental health recovery is gaining recognition. Peer support programs, such as support groups and peer mentors, can provide individuals with lived experience the opportunity to support and empower one another.

6. Prevention and Early Intervention: Efforts to prevent mental health issues and intervene early are crucial for reducing the long-term impact of mental disorders. Schools, workplaces, and healthcare systems are placing greater emphasis on mental health promotion, awareness, and early identification of symptoms to ensure timely intervention.

7. Cultural Competence and Diversity: The future of mental health recovery and rehabilitation will prioritize cultural competence and recognize the unique needs and experiences of diverse populations. Culturally sensitive interventions and services that consider factors like race, ethnicity, gender, and other orientation will be integral to providing effective and inclusive care.

8. Research and Innovation: Ongoing research and innovation in the field of mental health will continue to contribute to advancements in treatments, therapies, and understanding of mental health disorders. New pharmaceutical developments, neuroscientific discoveries, and therapeutic modalities will expand the range of options available for individuals seeking recovery and rehabilitation.

It's important to note that while these trends and developments hold promise, the implementation of new approaches in mental health care requires careful consideration of ethical considerations, privacy concerns, and accessibility for all individuals, regardless of socioeconomic status or geographical location." Source: (ChatGPT 2023)

AI and the Future of Mental Health CENGN

Children & Young People’s Mental Health in the Digital Age PDF Download OECD 

Conceptualising Recovery in Mental Health Rehabilitation Research Gate

Could Psychedelics be the Future of Mental Health? MPR News

Essential Elements That Contribute to the Recovery of Persons With Severe Mental Illness: A Systematic Scoping Study NIH / Frontiers in Psychiatry

Future of Mental Health in the Metaverse BMJ Journals

Global Future Council on Mental Health World Economic Forum

How Google is Improving Access to Mental Health Resources Google

How Technology is Transforming Mental Health Assessment and Treatment Brookings

Innovations in Mental Health Care take Rehabilitation in new Directions Hospital News

Mental Health and Artificial Intelligence Mental Health and Motivation

Mental Health and ChatGPT Mental Health and Motivation

Mental Health Care in the Workplace: The Coming Revolution McKinsey & Company

New Mental Health Trends and the Future of Psychiatry Maryville University

Possibilities for the future of global mental health: a scenario planning approach BMC Psychiatry

Readings in Psychiatric Rehabilitation & Recovery Boston University

Recovery: Past Progress and Future Challenges Taylor & Francis Online

Scenarios for the Future of Mental Health Care: Whose Interests, Whose Perspectives, Whose Future? The Lancet Psychiatry 

Technology and the Future of Mental Health Black Dog Institute

The Future of Mental Health Care McKinsey and Company

The Future of Mental Health Smithsonian Magazine

The Future of Mental Health Care: Time for a Social Perspective? National Elf Services

The Mental Health Frontier : 3 Areas Where The Future Of Care Is Being Transformed Forbes

The Future of Mental Health Care: Trends and Forecast Research Gate

The Future of Mental Health Diagnosis Goes Beyond the Manual Wired

The Future of Psychiatric Rehabilitation JSTOR

The Future of Psychiatric Rehabilitation National Library of Medicine NIH

The Recovery Model in Mental Health Care Verywell Mind

The Implementation of Evidence-Based Psychiatric Rehabilitation: Challenges and Opportunities for Mental Health Services Frontiers in Psychiatry

Top 10 Innovations in Mental Health World Economic Forum

Urgent Need to Transform Mental Health and Mental Health Care WHO

What Will the Future of Mental Health Care Bring? Verywell Mind

Technology and Mental Health: The Future? : Video

30 May 2023

Relationship Sociology Resources

Relationship Sociology Awareness, Research and Resources
Relationship Sociology Resources
"Human well-being is not a random phenomenon. It depends on many factors — ranging from genetics and neurobiology to sociology and economics."- Sam Harris

Relationship Sociology Resources

Social Relationships and Life Satisfaction

Relationship Sociology
Relationship sociology is a branch of sociology that focuses on the study of social relationships between individuals or groups within a society. It examines the various forms of relationships, their structures, dynamics, and impacts on individuals and society as a whole.

In relationship sociology, researchers analyze how social interactions, networks, and institutions shape and influence relationships. They explore factors such as cultural norms, social roles, power dynamics, and socialization processes that impact the formation, maintenance, and dissolution of relationships.

Key concepts in relationship sociology include:
  1. Social Networks: This concept refers to the web of social relationships and connections between individuals or groups. Researchers analyze the structure of networks, patterns of interaction, and the impact of network ties on individuals' behaviors and opportunities.

  2. Social Exchange Theory: This theory examines relationships as a series of exchanges between individuals who seek to maximize rewards and minimize costs. It explores how individuals negotiate, make decisions, and maintain relationships based on the perceived benefits they receive.

  3. Symbolic Interactionism: This theoretical perspective emphasizes the role of symbols, meanings, and shared understandings in shaping social interactions. It explores how individuals interpret and assign meaning to their relationships, as well as how these meanings influence their behavior.

  4. Power and Inequality: Relationship sociology also examines power dynamics within relationships and how social inequalities such as gender, race, and class affect relationship formation and dynamics. It explores issues of power imbalances, social norms, and discrimination that can shape the quality and stability of relationships.

  5. Socialization and Social Construction: This area of study focuses on how individuals are socialized into specific relationship patterns and norms. It investigates how society constructs and reinforces ideas about relationships, marriage, family, and other social institutions.
Researchers in relationship sociology employ a range of research methods, including surveys, interviews, observations, and quantitative analysis of large-scale datasets. They study various types of relationships, including romantic partnerships, friendships, family relationships, professional networks, and online social connections.

Overall, relationship sociology offers insights into how social factors shape human relationships, providing a deeper understanding of the ways in which social structures and interactions impact individuals and society as a whole. (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Difference Between Psychology and Sociology Article

Gender Roles & Relationships | Decision Making tutor2u

Ordinary Relationships: A Sociological Study of Emotions, Reflexivity and Culture
Julie Brownlie

Pure Relationality as a Sociological Theory of Communication Article

Relationship Sociology Resources Article

SEL for Students: Social Awareness and Relationship Skills University of California Berkley

Social Awareness & Relationship Skills Digital Promise

Social Awareness: An Introductory Guide Positive Action

Social Relationships and Health: A Flashpoint for Health Policy NIH

Social Relations and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Friends Article

Social Relationships with Nature: Elements of a Framework for Socio-Ecological Structure Analysis Taylor & Francis Online

Social Exchange Theory Article

Sociology of the Family : Love and Intimacy Article

The Benefits of Social Relationships Article

The Risks of Social Isolation American Psychological Association

The Social Self: The Role of the Social Situation Article

The Social Exchange Theory in Relationships Article

The Sociology of Love Article

Ties that Bind: Enhanced Social Awareness Development Through Interactions with Diverse Peers PDF Download University of Michigan  

What are the Different Types of Social Relationships? Article

What is Sociology? Article

Why Love Hurts : A Sociological Explanation
Eva Illouz

All Relationship Resources

28 May 2023

My Recovery from Narcissistic Abuse

Exposure, Understanding and Recovering from Narcissistic Abuse

Narcissistic Abuse Recovery

Empaths have to be careful not to internalize others’ feelings, as this can cause them to feel anxious, sad, or even depressed. It can leave the empath feeling drained or exhausted. They must learn to set boundaries so as not to let toxic people drain them dry.” ― Donna G. Bourgeois

Narcissistic Abuse in Relationships

Narcissistic Abuse Recovery : Acceptance and Healing

Vernon Chalmers Narcissistic Abuse Recovery Narrative

"My story of being unceremoniously exposed to (relationship) abuse is profoundly documented here on the Mental Health and Motivation website. I am of firm belief that I was subjected to an intense barrage of both narcissistic and antisocial abuse over a relatively short period of time." ― Vernon Chalmers

Being emotionally, physically and verbally abused by my ex girlfriend has left me with many questions about the gratuitous motivation of someone displaying so many narcissistic and / or antisocial behavioural traits.

In the aftermath of the relationship I struggled to come to terms with the grandiose disdain shown for any contributions of compassion and goodwill I effortlessly offered during the relationship. I questioned my own empathetic vulnerabilities, my own identity and core values that could possibly have 'justified' the abuse against me. It took almost two years of soul searching, research and the passing of significant time for creating an inner peace (frame of reference) for completing the recovery puzzle.

Achievements / Lessons from an Abusive Relationship 

With no set objective in recovery time I started journaling some of the most unpleasant experiences and recurring memories in what I call my Portfolio of Choice: knowledge, time, trust, writing and the reading of my own state of mind (as a conscientious choice) made me less vulnerable in not only my understanding of abusive behaviour, its origin and possible longer-term consequences on my emotional well-being, but also my own subsequent codependent behaviour dynamics. Therapeutic Journaling 

With a more informed understanding of narcissistic and antisocial abuse I have accepted the fact that the trauma could linger for a bit longer (as an undercurrent of thought). Its only until recently that I have started referring to my abuse as 'narcissistic' abuse. Naively so, but this was primarily due to my own intermittent cognitive dissonance still shielding my perpetrator from her emotional dysregulation and oblivious narcissistic pathology rather than acknowledging the unfolding of a fatally flawed persona.

Gaining a deeper understanding of cognitive dissonance assisted me in acquiring valuable insight, conditioning and application of cognitive defusion. Through healthy cognitive (self) reasoning and associated evaluation / action processes I have learned to untangle the perpetual thoughts of someone else's narcissistic and antisocial persona. 

Nevertheless, I have shamelessly embraced my extended recovery narrative as therapeutic guidance for providing me with the necessary acceptance and healing for coming to terms with an abusive relationship.

© Vernon Chalmers : Mental Health and Motivation (Narcissistic Abuse)

Abuse, Domestic Violence and Trauma Resources

Abuse and Trauma : Abusive Behaviour and Domestic Violence Resources

Abuse, Domestic Violence and Trauma Resources

“It is not the the bruises on the body that hurt. It is the wounds of the heart and the scars on the mind.” ― Aisha Mirza

Male and Female Domestic Violence

Trauma associated with Abuse / Domestic Violence

Abused Men (Trauma Bonding) and Gender-Based Violence (in Adult Relationships)

My Experience with Abuse, Domestic Violence and associated Trauma 
During the past 18 months I have gained a substantial amount of personal experience and perspective from being on the receiving end of an abusive relationship (that ended in August 2020). After my detachment from this dramatic trauma bond I spent more than a year reading / researching various articles, books and online resources for gaining a better understanding of abuse, domestic violence and eventual management of the associated trauma. I also started journaling about the abusive behaviour against me here on the Mental Health and Motivation website.

I spiralled into the dark abyss of my own cognitive dissonance, consumed by the FOG* of leaving and the never-ending rumination that left me mentally immobilised for weeks at a time. My mental state was further challenged by the sad event of my best friend, Joseph Inns, who passed away during this time.
Through reading, sheer determination and my support system (of family and friends) the benefit of time slowly turned the infinite upside-down puzzle, piece by piece, around in my mind. Its only lately that I'm able see a more integrated and complete picture - a clear vision of what life should be without the toxicity of abuse and domestic violence. 

The insight gained assisted me for coming to terms with the possible stimulus and response(s) why someone would be so ferociously induced by their shameless brutality of abusive and violent behaviour for demanding attention, maintaining control, staying relevant, overcoming disappointment and / or satisfying delusions of grandeur.  Abusive and Violent Behaviour Against Me

I ignored the obvious and silent red flags during the relationship for far too long. I should have known beter and should have acted much sooner.  Relationship Red Flags I Ignored for Months

I trust that some of these resources will also be beneficial to other men and women around the world who have been subjected to similar abuse, domestic violence and / or are currently still living with the unfortunate traumatic consequences. I learned a lot from my own (relationship) codependency behavioural vulnerabilities as well. Achievements / Lessons from an Abusive Relationship.

* FOG (Fear | Obligation | Guilt)

© Vernon Chalmers : Mental Health and Motivation

Types (Physical, Sexual and Emotional) & Signs of Abuse - Video

Why Do People Abuse Other People?

  What Causes People to Abuse Others? Awareness, Resources and Research

Why Do People Abuse Other People?

“To those who abuse: the sin is yours, the crime is yours, and the shame is yours. To those who protect the perpetrators: blaming the victims only masks the evil within, making you as guilty as those who abuse. Stand up for the innocent or go down with the rest.” ― Flora Jessop

Mental Illness and Abuse Research

Why People Abuse Research

Why Do People Abuse Other People?
People abuse others for a variety of complex reasons, and it's important to note that abusive behavior is not justified or acceptable in any way. The motivations behind why people engage in abusive behavior can vary depending on the individual and the specific circumstances. Here are some common factors that contribute to the abuse of others:
  1. Power and control: Abusers may seek power and control over their victims as a way to feel superior or to compensate for their own feelings of insecurity or powerlessness. They use abuse as a means to exert dominance and manipulate others to fulfill their own needs and desires.

  2. Learned behavior: Some individuals who grew up in abusive environments or witnessed abuse may internalize those patterns of behavior. They may view abuse as normal or acceptable, perpetuating the cycle of violence in their own relationships.

  3. Emotional issues and unresolved trauma: People who struggle with their own emotional issues or unresolved trauma may project their pain onto others through abusive behavior. They may lack healthy coping mechanisms and instead resort to hurting others as a way to deal with their own emotional turmoil.

  4. Low self-esteem: Individuals with low self-esteem may resort to abusive behavior as a way to elevate their sense of self-worth. By demeaning or hurting others, they temporarily boost their own ego or attempt to control and manipulate others to feel better about themselves.

  5. Cultural and social factors: Societal norms, cultural beliefs, and social structures can influence abusive behavior. In some cultures or communities, certain forms of abuse may be condoned or normalized, leading individuals to engage in abusive actions without fully recognizing the harm they cause.

  6. Substance abuse and addiction: Substance abuse issues can impair judgment, lower inhibitions, and contribute to aggressive or violent behavior. While substance abuse does not excuse abusive actions, it can be a contributing factor. 
It is important to remember that these explanations do not excuse or justify abusive behavior. Abuse is never the fault of the victim, and everyone has the right to live free from harm. If you or someone you know is experiencing abuse, it's crucial to seek help and support from trusted individuals or organizations specialized in assisting victims of abuse. (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

Abuse Cannot Be Blamed on Mental Illness Domestic Shelters

Causes of Child Abuse: Why Some Adults Hurt Children Healthline

Does Mental Illness cause Abuse? Love is Respect

Family Violence Explained BetterHealth

Five Reasons People Abuse Their Partners Psychology Today

Four Main Reasons Why People Abuse Psych2go

How Drugs & Alcohol Can Fuel Violent Behaviors American Addiction Centers

How do Abusive Men Pick their Victims? Flying Free

How does Someone become Abusive Olive Branch

Is Mental Illness to Blame for Abuse? University of Texas / UTEP

Mental Illness and Abusive Behavior in Relationships Overcomers

Profile of an Abuser Domestic Shelters

Psychological Abusers don't go for the Weak  - They choose Strong People because they 'like a Challenge' Business Insider 

Reasons the Cycle of Abuse Continues Verywell Mind

Reasons Why People Abuse Psych Central

Some Thoughts about Victimization, Anger and Abuse MentalHelp

Verbally Abusive Men and Women: Why Do They Abuse? HealthyPlace

Warning Signs of an Abusive Person PDF Download Southwestern University 

What Causes Gender-Based Violence? Council of Europe

What Causes Relationship Abuse? The Center for Relationship Abuse Awareness

Why Do People Abuse? MentalHelp

Why Do People Abuse Other People? Braden Counceling Center

Why do some People Abuse People with Disability? Royal Commission Australia

Wounds That Time Won’t Heal: The Neurobiology of Child Abuse Cerebrum Dana Foundation

Why Do Abusers Abuse? - Video

Relationship Abuse Recovery Article Index

Abuse Symptoms, Psychopathology, Domestic Violence and Trauma

Personal Struggle and Recovery from Intimate Partner Violence

Vernon Chalmers Abusive Relationship Article Index : : Mental Health and Motivation

You can recognize survivors of abuse by their courage. When silence is so very inviting, they step forward and share their truth so others know they aren't alone.”― Jeanne McElvaney

Walking away from someone you love is not an immoral thing. If that person isn’t good for your wellbeing in any way, it’s important to step away from that relationship.”― Arien Smith

Personal Mental Health Journal. Road to Recovery from Abuse...

Abuse Recovery Articles : Vernon Chalmers Recovery Narrative
  • In the Absence of Gratitude...
  • Abusive and Violent Behaviour Against Me
  • Abuse, Domestic Violence and Trauma
  • 20 Relationship Red Flags I unfortunately Ignored for Months
  • The Challenge of Cognitive Dissonance
  • Achievements / Lessons from an Abusive Relationship
  • Thoughts on Love, Loss and Grief
  • Acceptance, Healing and Rebuilding after Grief and Loss
  • Restoring a Sense of Calm after an Abusive Relationship
  • From Therapeutic Journaling to Online Publishing
  • My Recovery from Narcissistic Abuse
  • Emotional Self-Healing Q&A
  • Concluding Remarks

The listed Article Index is an essential contribution to the Vernon Chalmers Portfolio of Choice therapeutic journaling narrative that I created for assisting me in overcoming the abuse, domestic violence and associated trauma I was subjected to during and after an abusive relationship that ended in August 2020. The last article 'Concluding Remarks' is the final article in completing my abuse recovery journey. 

My Portfolio of Choice online article collection is testimony to the healing power of knowledge, time and writing as therapeutic guidance to overcome, accept and heal from one of the biggest disappointments of my life. Read more Healing Process After an Abusive Relationship >>

In the Absence of Gratitude...
During the infatuation stage of the relationship it never occurred to me that I was never thanked for anything. It was only while living with her full time (in a routine environment) that this behaviour of ingratitude was now overtly manifesting itself. Over the short term this behaviour from her was repeated ever so often and I felt the need to address this delicate issue. Read more >>

Abusive and Violent Behaviour Against Me
When the first verbal and physical threats occurred about four months into the relationship I was overwhelmed with my ex-girlfriend's threatening and aggressive behaviour towards me. I was oblivious to the fact that she was capable of this aggressive behaviour (although at that stage I was well aware of her at-times callous and self-centred nature). Read more >>

Abuse, Domestic Violence and Trauma
Through reading, sheer determination and my support system (of family and friends) the benefit of time slowly turned the infinite upside-down puzzle pieces around in my mind. Its only lately that I'm able see a more integrated and complete picture - a clear vision of what life should be without the toxicity of abuse and domestic violence. Read more >>

20 Relationship Red Flags I Unfortunately Ignored for Months
For months I was witness to / and on the receiving end of the most abusive and antisocial human behaviour that I have ever experienced in my life. I started living with my ex-girlfriend during the first Covid-lockdown period where her unacceptable and abusive behaviour towards me happened on a regular basis. Read more >>

The Challenge of Cognitive Dissonance
During the past year I referred to Cognitive Dissonance in several of my articles and Facebook comments. Now, in the final stretch and conclusion of my own ‘healing journey’, herewith an explanation, own interpretation and personal experience on how cognitive dissonance can sometimes cause incessant confusion, uncertainty and disparity in our minds. Read more >>

Achievements / Lessons from an Abusive Relationship
I have always considered empathy and gratitude as important personal / relationship qualities - its only now that I truly understand the impact and consequences when these emotional values are vaguely selective or completely absent from someone's Emotional Intelligence repertoire. The words 'thank you' became the most important words in my vocabulary over the last year. Read more >>

My Thoughts on Love, Loss and Grief
The Mental Health and Motivation journaling has assisted me in many ways for coming to terms with the two significant personal losses I have experienced during 2020 / 2021 - my girlfriend at the time and my friend, Joseph. The second loss of Joseph was the most poignant. The writing and publication on this public domain also provided definite content, context...  Read more >>

Acceptance, Healing and Rebuilding after Grief and Loss
Having accepted the undercurrent ebb and flow presence of my grief I find myself thinking less and less of this specific grief (and person). The ever-consuming dark thoughts of grief and loss made way for more coherent thinking and mindful living of being in the moment - focussing on the daily awareness of here and now... Read more >>

Restoring a Sense of Calm after an Abusive Relationship
It took me 18 months to fully comprehend and finally accept that this period in my life was a steep and important learning curve in gaining a better understanding of the destructive behaviour against me. One of the biggest achievements was the much needed insight into my own emotional vulnerability in dealing with (any) abusive behaviour against me and how it should be handled in future. Read more >>

From Therapeutic Journaling to Online Publishing
I have had an interest in the theory and application of mental health, psychology and motivation as a human resources and management science student (and lecturer later) in subjects such as organisational psychology, sociology and human resources / business management. Little did I know that years later I would have my own private domain for publicly sharing my life experiences and resources with so many others. Read more >>

My Recovery from Narcissistic Abuse
In the aftermath of the relationship I struggled to come to terms with the grandiose disdain shown for any contributions of compassion and goodwill I effortlessly offered during the relationship. I questioned my empathetic vulnerabilities, my own identity and core values that could possibly have 'justified' the abuse against me. It took more than a year of soul searching, research and the passing of significant time for creating the inner peace to complete the recovery puzzle. Read more >>

Emotional Self-Healing Progress: Question and Answer
There were many different answers; the metacognitive self-awareness of the healing journey, acknowledgement of behaviour change(s), personal growth and acceptance were most often cited as some of the common denominators in someone's own healing progress identification and tracking, but there is only one person that will be able answer this question (from above context) and it is the person who asked the question... Read more >>

Concluding Remarks after my Abuse Recovery
I am humbled by the efforts of thousands of wonderful and caring people associated with the broad international mental health support community for their continuous (and in many cases priceless) contributions, research (and / or interventions) for assisting anyone diagnosed (or who is struggling) with any kind of mental discomfort. Read more >>

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