01 December 2022

Socioeconomic Status and Mental Health

 Mental Health and Socioeconomic Status (SES) : Awareness, Information and Research

Mental Health And Socioeconomic Status (SES)

Social class or socioeconomic status (SES) is the strongest predictor of health, disease causation, and longevity in medical sociology.” ― William C. Cockerham

The Impact of Socioeconomic Status (SES) on Mental Health

International Socioeconomic Status Research Studies

Socioeconomic Environment on Children 

Socioeconomic Status and Mental Health
"Socioeconomic status (SES) refers to a person's social and economic position in society, typically measured by factors such as income, education level, occupation, and social class. Research has consistently shown that socioeconomic status is closely linked to mental health outcomes. Here are some key points regarding the relationship between socioeconomic status and mental health:

1. Disparities in mental health: Individuals from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are more likely to experience mental health challenges compared to those from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. This disparity can be attributed to various factors, including limited access to resources, higher levels of stress, exposure to adverse living conditions, and reduced opportunities for social and economic mobility.

2. Access to mental health care: Lower socioeconomic status is associated with limited access to mental health services. Barriers such as financial constraints, lack of insurance coverage, transportation difficulties, and a shortage of mental health providers in underserved areas can prevent individuals from seeking and receiving appropriate care. This can result in untreated or under-treated mental health conditions.

3. Environmental stressors: Individuals from lower socioeconomic backgrounds often face higher levels of chronic stress due to financial insecurity, unemployment or underemployment, inadequate housing conditions, neighborhood violence, discrimination, and limited social support networks. These environmental stressors can contribute to the development and exacerbation of mental health problems.

4. Health behaviors: Socioeconomic status influences health behaviors that can impact mental health. Individuals with higher SES tend to have better access to healthy food, opportunities for physical activity, and healthcare information. On the other hand, lower SES individuals may have limited access to nutritious food, live in environments with fewer safe recreational spaces, and engage in health-damaging behaviors (e.g., smoking, substance abuse) as coping mechanisms.

5. Education and mental health: Education level is an important component of socioeconomic status and is associated with mental health outcomes. Higher levels of education are generally linked to better mental health. Education provides individuals with knowledge, critical thinking skills, and opportunities for personal growth and empowerment, which can positively influence mental well-being.

6. Intergenerational impact: Socioeconomic status can have intergenerational effects on mental health. Children and adolescents from lower socioeconomic backgrounds may be at higher risk for mental health difficulties due to the cumulative impact of socioeconomic disadvantages, limited access to resources, and exposure to adverse childhood experiences.

Addressing the impact of socioeconomic status on mental health requires a multi-faceted approach. It involves efforts to reduce socioeconomic inequalities, improve access to mental health services, promote mental health literacy and awareness, and provide support programs that address the unique challenges faced by individuals from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. Policy changes, community-based interventions, and advocacy for equitable access to resources and opportunities can contribute to reducing the mental health disparities associated with socioeconomic status." (Source: ChatGPT 2023)

An Examination of the Correlation between Socioeconomic Status and Mental Illness PDF Download McKendree  University  

Addressing Poverty and Mental Illness Psychiatric Times

Association Between Parental Income During Childhood and Risk of Schizophrenia Later in Life Jama Psychiatry

Association between Socioeconomic Status and the Development of Mental and Physical Health Conditions in Adulthood: A Multi-Cohort Study Science Direct

Association of Socioeconomic Status with Psychiatric Problems and Violent Behaviours in a Nationally representative sample of Iranian Children and Adolescents: the CASPIAN-IV Study BMJ Open

Childhood Socioeconomic Status and Adulthood Mental Health: Results from the survey on employees of Tehran University of Medical Sciences Oxford Academic Journal of Public Health

Does Socioeconomic Status mediate the Relationship between Income Loss and Depression Scores? Evidence from South Africa Springer

Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Mental Health Study

Effect of Socioeconomic Status on the Physical and Mental Health of the Elderly: The Mediating Effect of Social Participation BMC Public Health

Examining the Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and Mental Health Quality of Life in a Rural Neighborhood Context IOWA Research Online

Exploring the Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and Health, as it affects Men and Women PDF Download University of Tennessee at Chattanooga 

How Socioeconomic Status Negatively Impacts Children’s Brains Big Think

Individual-level and area-level Socioeconomic Status (SES) and Schizophrenia: Cross-Sectional Analyses using the evidence from 1.9 million Chinese adults BMJ Journals

How does Income affect Mental Health and Health Behaviours? A Quasi-Experimental Study of the Earned Income Tax Credit BMJ Journals

How does Neighbourhood Socio-Economic Status Affect the Interrelationships between Functioning Dimensions in first episode of Psychosis? A network Analysis Approach ScienceDirect

Low Socioeconomic Status and Mental Health Care Use Among Respondents With Anxiety and Depression in the NCS-R Psychiatry Online

Low Socioeconomic Status is a Risk Factor for Mental Illness, According to a Statewide Examination of Psychiatric Hospitalizations American Psychological Association

Low Socioeconomic Status Precipitates Psychiatric Disorders in Later Life Psychiatry Advisor

Mental Health Problems and Socioeconomic Disadvantage: A Controlled Household Study in rural Ethiopia International Journal for Equity in Health BMC

Perspectives in Poverty and Mental Health Frontiers in Public Health

Psychosis, Socioeconomic Disadvantage, and Health Service Use in South Australia: Findings from the Second Australian National Survey of Psychosis Frontiers in Public Health

Socioeconomic Inequality: A Determinant in Mental Health Disorders? Progress in Mind

Socioeconomic Inequalities in Mental Health among Adolescents in Europe PDF Download Euro Who

Socioeconomic Status at Birth Is Associated With Risk of Schizophrenia: Population-Based Multilevel Study NIH

Socioeconomic Position and Depression in South African adults with long-term health conditions: A Longitudinal Study of Causal Pathways Cambridge University Press

Socioeconomic Status and Mental Health among Low-Income Employees: A Systematic Literature Review ResearchGate

Socioeconomic Status and Mental illness Stigma: The Impact of Mental illness Controllability Attributions and Personal Responsibility Judgments Taylor and Francis Online

Socioeconomic Status and Psychiatric Disorders: The Causation-Selection Issue Science

Socioeconomic Status and Self-Reported Barriers to Mental Health Service Use PDF Download Sage

Socioeconomic Status, Work-Life Conflict, and Mental Health Wiley Online Library

Socioeconomic Status, Stressful Life Situations and Mental Health Problems in Children and Adolescents: Results of the German BELLA cohort-study NIH

The Impact of Low Socioeconomic Status on the Mental Health and Self-Efficacy of College Students PDF Download Geneseo KnightScholar

The Influence of Family Socioeconomic Status on Adolescents’ Mental Health in China PDF Download MDPI

The Reciprocal Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and Health and the Influence of Sex: A European SHARE-Analysis Based on Structural Equation Modeling MDPI

The Vexing Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status and Health BMC

The Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities in Mental Health Care PDF Download Stanford University

What has Economics got to do with it? The Impact of Socioeconomic Factors on Mental Health and the case for Collective Action Nature

Work, Stress, and Health & Socioeconomic Status American Psychological Association

Socioeconomic Status & Mental Health - Video